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Fast acting drugs in ayurveda

Fast acting drugs in ayurveda

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Fast acting drugs in ayurveda

  1. 1. Ayurveda advocates using the drug in ‘Whole’ state i.e in its natural integrity & design. The human body identifies whole drug in natural state as “self” (SAJATIYA). Unlike the synthetic drugs it does not face any rejection from human system. Hence no negative effects are produced.
  2. 2. Whole drug consists certain ‘balancing agents’ which canalize & control the bioavailibility & action of the active ingredient. The whole drug has demerits too. Foremost is slow absorption. Drug being in crude state has to be introduced through gastric root only. Its digestion & metabolism arae carried out in normal food path way.
  3. 3. No HERB ACTIVE PRINCIPLE BALANCING AGENT PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION 1. Ahiphena Papaverum somniferum Morphine. Codeine----------- Papaverine------- Nalarphine------- Narcotic & Analgesic. lowers intestinal motility. Smooth muscle relaxant. Antagonist of Morphine. 2. Sarpagandha Rauwolfia serpentina Reserpine. Rauwolfine. Azmoline. Reduces BP. Increases BP. Neutral on BP. 3. Kutaja. Holarrhena antidysentrica Conessine. Conkurchine Potent amoebicidal. Hypotensive. 4. Kamala. Nelumbo nucifera. Nuciferine. Antherospermine Blocks Dopamine receptor. Stimulates Dopamine receptor.
  4. 4. 1. Genuineness of the drug. 2. Form of preparation 3. Routes of administration 4. Properties of the drug 5. Type of Anupana 6. Time of adaministation 7. Specific affinity to target organ/tissue.
  5. 5.  Prescribing medicines manufactured by a third person.  Mars the drug effect.  Standardization method fails.  Self prepared medicines may be simpler but acts promptly, & faster than products available in the market.
  6. 6.  Form of preparation influences the rate of absorption.  Liquid preparations are preferred over solid preparations for faster action.  Kasayas need a special attention.Water soluble & transformed (PAKA) CONTENTS OF Kasaya are readily absorbed into the system.
  7. 7.  Besides liquid preparations highly water soluble preparations are also absobed rapidly.Forms like Ksara, Lavana are to be preferred in a given indication. Ex- Chincha ksara for uterine colic & Narikela Lavana & Arka Lavana for abdominal colic.
  8. 8.  To a certain extent Sneha especially GHRITA preparations are absorbed rapidly.  Tailas are less prescribed internally. Palatability is probable a discouraging point in this context.
  9. 9.  Another form of preparation which deserves attention is chewable form like LEHYA & PAANAKA.  In this form they spreads sublingual accessed to entry of direct circulation.They act fast.  The chewable preparations are better utilized in respiratory disorders.
  10. 10.  ASAVA & ARISHTA being in alcohol form are absorbed rapidly, due to VYAVAYI property.  Another rapid absorbing form is ARKA. Pudina arka in gastric acidity & Ajamoda arka in Sheeta pitta.
  11. 11.  Major route of drug administration in Ayurveda is ‘Oral’.  Oral route has certain disadvantages by which the drugs activity is reduced considerably in hepatic system.

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