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Microsoft power point exercises international management 02

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مجموعة تمارين على الفصل الثاني : العولمة

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Microsoft power point exercises international management 02

  1. 1. 6/7/1438 1 ‫دوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮاﺟﻌﺔ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬:‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺮواﺑﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫د‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫د‬ ،‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﻤﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺻﺢ‬ •()‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬‫واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓ‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﯿﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺮاﺑﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻈﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬. •()‫ﺑﺪأت‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺒﻌﯿﻨﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫إﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻈﮫﺮ‬ ‫وﻟﻢ‬ ،‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺣﺪﻳ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻈﺎھﺮ‬. •()‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬‫ﻣﻔﺮ‬ ‫واﻗﻊ‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫إﻧﻤﺎ‬ ‫واﻷﻓﺮاد‬ ‫اﻟﺪول‬ ‫أﻣﺎم‬ ً‫ا‬‫ﺧﯿﺎر‬ ‫ﻟﯿﺴﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄن‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮل‬‫وض‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫اﻟﺠﻤﯿﻊ‬. •()‫اﻟﻤﺪراء‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻏﺒﻮن‬ ‫اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻨﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ‬. •()‫ﻣﻦ‬‫اﻟﺮأﺳﻤ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬ ،‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎﺣﯿﺔ‬‫ﺎﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬. •()‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻈﮫﻮر‬ ‫ﺪت‬ّ‫ﮫ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎص‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫دور‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎظﻢ‬.
  2. 2. 6/7/1438 2 ‫د‬ ،‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﻤﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺻﺢ‬ •()‫اﻟﮫﯿﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮع‬ ‫ﻓﺮض‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮ‬ ‫واﻟﻐﺮب‬ ،‫اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺤﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫وإﺿﻔﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺪوﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬‫ﺎﻟﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﯿﻪ‬. •()‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻘ‬‫ﻣﻄﻠ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﯿﺔ‬ ‫ظﺎھﺮة‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄن‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬. •()‫اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫إﻣﻜﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﯿﻪ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ّ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺗﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫إطﺎر‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺗﺪوﻳﻞ‬‫ﺑﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫أﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫وﺑﺸﺮوط‬ ‫أﻗﻞ‬. •()‫اﻟﻤﺤﻠ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻄﺎق‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬ ‫اﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺎھﻤﺖ‬‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ،‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻄﺎق‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬:‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺪاﻣﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬. •()‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬ ‫اﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫وﺗﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻈﺎھﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻄﺎق‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻄﺎق‬. ‫د‬ ،‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﻤﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺻﺢ‬ •()‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺗﻨﺴ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﯿﺔ‬ ‫وأن‬ ،‫ﺳﮫﻮﻟﺔ‬ ‫أﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫أﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫اﻵن‬ ‫اﻟﺴﯿﺎﺳﺎت‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻊ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎت‬‫ﯿﻖ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ّ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣﻠ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﯿﺎﺳﺎت‬. •()‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬‫إﻳﺠﺎﺑﯿﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻷﺟﻨﺒﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎرات‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ‬ ‫دﺧﻮل‬ ‫ﻧﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫أن‬‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬. •()‫ﻋﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫داﺋ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻲء‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬. •()‫ﻣﻦ‬‫إدارة‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ ‫وإﺑﻌﺎد‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫دور‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد‬. •()‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫دور‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻮذ‬ ‫وزﻳﺎدة‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎص‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي‬. •()‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ظﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺜﯿﺮ‬ ‫أﺳﮫﻞ‬ ‫أﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺪراء‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺄن‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺰم‬. •()‫ﻗﺪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎس‬ ‫ﺑﯿﻦ‬ ‫واﻟﺜﺮوة‬ ‫اﻟﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎوت‬ ‫زﻳﺎدة‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺆدي‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاطﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﯿﻦ‬ ‫وﺣﺘﻰ‬ ،‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮى‬‫اﻟﻮاﺣﺪة‬.
  3. 3. 6/7/1438 3 ‫د‬ ،‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﻤﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺻﺢ‬ •()‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬‫وﺟﮫﺎت‬ ‫وﺗﻼﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺎدل‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺮ‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﺧﺮى‬ ‫وﺟﻮاﻧﺐ‬ ‫واﻷﻓﻜﺎر‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﯿﺔ‬. •()‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻔﮫﻮم‬ ‫اﻻھﺘﻤﺎم‬ ‫ﻋﺰزت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺒﯿﻌﺔ‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬‫ﺔ‬ ‫ًا‬‫د‬‫أﺑﻌﺎ‬ ‫وأﻋﻄﺘﻪ‬‫أﻛﺒﺮ‬. •()‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﻐﯿﺮات‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻌﺰل‬ ‫أن‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻌﯿﺪ‬. •()‫ﻓﺈﻧﻨ‬ ،‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻔﮫﻮم‬ ‫واﻹداري‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﱠﺰﻧﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫إذا‬‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺮأﺳﻤﺎﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﺘﺒﺮھﺎ‬ ‫أن‬. •()‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺮوض‬ ‫واﻗﻊ‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫إﻧﻤﺎ‬ ‫واﻷﻓﺮاد‬ ‫اﻟﺪول‬ ‫أﻣﺎم‬ ً‫ا‬‫ﺧﯿﺎر‬ ‫ﻟﯿﺴﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻏﺒﻮن‬ ‫اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺪراء‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬‫وﺧﺼﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﯿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬. ‫د‬ ،‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﻤﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺻﺢ‬ •()‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﯿ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮب‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮ‬ ،‫اﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻲ‬‫ﺳﺎﻋﺪ‬ ،‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ظﺎھﺮة‬ ‫ﻖ‬ّ‫ﻤ‬‫وﺗﻌ‬ ‫ظﮫﻮر‬‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬. •()‫اﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺪت‬ّ‫ﮫ‬‫ﻣ‬‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺠﺎرة‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬”‫اﻟﺠﺎت‬“)GATT(‫ﻟﻈﮫﻮر‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ظﺎھﺮة‬ ‫ﻖ‬ّ‫ﻤ‬‫وﺗﻌ‬. •()‫وﺗﻌﺎظﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺼﺨﺼﺔ‬ ‫ظﺎھﺮة‬‫اﻟﺨﺎص‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫دور‬‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎ‬. •()‫أھﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻣﺢ‬‫اﻟﺴﻮق‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻮال‬ ‫ورؤوس‬ ‫واﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﻊ‬ ‫اﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫أﻣﺎم‬ ‫ﻗﯿﻮد‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﺗﺆﻣﻦ‬. •()‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻣﺢ‬ ‫أھﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﻧﺤﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﻔﯿﻒ‬‫اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﯿﺠﯿﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﺘﻼت‬‫واﻻ‬‫ﻧﺪﻣﺎﺟﺎت‬‫اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﯿﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﻠﺖ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﯿﺔ‬.
  4. 4. 6/7/1438 4 ‫د‬ ،‫اﻟﺪوﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﻤﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ •‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬‫واﻗﻊ‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫إﻧﻤﺎ‬ ‫واﻷﻓﺮاد‬ ‫اﻟﺪول‬ ‫أﻣﺎم‬ ً‫ا‬‫ﺧﯿﺎر‬ ‫ﻟﯿﺴﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄن‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮل‬‫ﻣﻔﺮوض‬. ‫وﺿﺢ‬‫اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺪول‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎذا‬. •‫ﻟﮫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﮫﺪت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫واﻟﻈﺮوف‬ ‫ﻣﺎت‬ّ‫ﺪ‬‫اﻟﻤﻘ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪدي‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ظﺎھﺮة‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻖ‬.‫اﺷﺮح‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺼﺎر‬‫اﻟﻈﺮوف‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫أھﻢ‬. •‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄن‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ‬ ،‫اﻟﺴﺒﻌﯿﻨﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ظﮫﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﮫﻮم‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﻗﺪم‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬.‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ھﻞ‬‫إﺛﺒﺎت‬‫؟‬ ‫ﻟﻚ‬ •‫اﻟﺮﺋﯿﺴﯿﺔ‬ ‫أﺑﻌﺎدھﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻠﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻈﺎھﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻠﺖ‬.‫اذﻛﺮ‬‫اﻷﺑﻌﺎد‬ ‫ھﺬه‬. •‫اﺧﺘﻠﻒ‬»‫اﻟﻨﺎس‬«‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺘﻪ‬ ‫وﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ظﺮوﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﱞ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻛ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﯿﯿﻤﮫﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎﻗﺶ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ھﺬه‬. •‫أن‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﻟﻮ‬»‫ﺮ‬ّ‫ﺗﻐﯿ‬«‫؟‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻈﮫﻮر‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ھﻞ‬ ،‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬‫ﻧﺎﻗﺶ‬‫ھ‬‫ﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬.

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