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sneha kalpana

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preparation with oil and ghee as base

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sneha kalpana

  1. 1. S D M C A H H A S S A N Dr.KISHORE 1
  2. 2. S D M C A & H R S & B K
  3. 3. GIST OF TOPIC INTRODUCTION DEFINITION, TYPES AIMS OF SNEHA KALPANA GENERAL METHOD OF PREPARATION 7 RULES OF KALPANA SNEHA PAKA AND SIDDHI LAXANAS MURCHANA AVARTANA SNEHA KALPANA WITH RASA DRAVYAS SNEHA KALPANA IN SDM TEACHING PHARMACY DISCUSSION CONCLUSION Dr.KISHORE 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION • Derivation – स्निह् प्रीतौ • Sneha Fat or Fatty material • Kalpana Pharmaceutical process of medicaments • Eg: Ghrita kalpana and Taila kalpana • Produces snigdhata to the body Dr.KISHORE 4
  5. 5. DERIVATIONS OF DRAVYAS IN SNEHA KALPANA • कल्क रसपिष्ट द्रव्य पिण्डे • द्रव द्रव्यम ् तरलद्रव्ये • निेह दुग्धसारर Dr.KISHORE 5 Ref--VAIDHYAKA SHABDHA SINDHU
  6. 6. DEFINITION • Ghritas are preparations in which ghee is boiled with prescribed Kashayas (decoctions) and kalkas of drugs according to the formula. This process ensures absorption of the active therapeutic principles of the ingredients used • Tailas are preparations in which taila is boiled with prescribed Kashayas (decoction) and kalkas of drugs according to the formula. This process ensures absorption of the active therapeutic properties of the ingredients used. Dr.KISHORE 6 Ref--AFI
  7. 7. Majja Vasa Taila Ghrita Sthavara Jangama TYPES Dr.KISHORE 7REF—CHA.SU/13/13
  8. 8. BAHYA ABHYANTARA Dr.KISHORE 8
  9. 9. AIMS OF SNEHA KALPANA • The rationality behind taking an Taila / Ghrita as a base is presumably – • To Extract water soluble, lipid soluble active fractions from the ingredients used • To Enhance Shelf life • To Enhance the Drug Absorption Dr.KISHORE 9
  10. 10. UPAKARANA PAATRA DARVI VASTRA AGNI Dr.KISHORE 10
  11. 11. IMPORTANCE OF AGNI TEEVRAAGNI MANDAAGNI Dr.KISHORE 11 STANDARDIZATION OF KSHEERABALA TAILA V. NAGESWAR RAO, T. SHANKAR, S.K DIXIT and A.B RAY Department of Rasa shastra , Institute of medical sciences , BHU Varanasi
  12. 12. ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS Dr.KISHORE 12 Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
  13. 13. GENERAL METHOD OF PREPARATION 1:4:16 or ¼:1:4 ANUKTA MANA Dr.KISHORE 13Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
  14. 14. PREPARATION OF KWATHA FOR SNEHA KALPANA 1 PART DRUG 4 PARTS WATER 1/4 Dr.KISHORE 14Ref—Sha Ma /9/2
  15. 15. BASED ON NATURE OF DRUG MADHYAMA AND KATINA DRAVYA 4 8 16 PARTS Dr.KISHORE 15Ref—Sha Ma /9/3
  16. 16. BASED ON QUANTITY OF DRUG • ONE KARSHA (12g ) • ONE PALA (48 g) • ONE PALA (48g) • ONE KUDAVA (192 g) • ONE KUDAVA (192 g) • ONE KHARI (196.5 KG APPRX) 16 PARTS 8 PARTS 4 PARTS Drug Water Dr.KISHORE 16 Ref—Sha Ma /9/4
  17. 17. METHOD OF SNEHA PAKA MURCHANA OF SNEHA DRAVYA DRAVA DRAVYA KALKA GANDHA DRAVYAS Dr.KISHORE 17 TAILA KWATHA KALKA SUGANDHA DRAVYAS DUGDHA REF- YR/SPVP/96REF- B.R/5/1283-1284
  18. 18. 18 SEVENRULES Dr.KISHORE Ref—Sha Ma /9/6-12
  19. 19. Sneha kalpana is prepared with different Drava Dravyas 1/4 th 1/6 th 1/8th Dr.KISHORE 19 ?
  20. 20. EXAMPLES JALA KASHAYA SWARASA ARKA TAILA , ARJUNA GRITHA BALA TAILA , TRIPHALA GRITHA Dr.KISHORE 20 PINDA TAILA , JATYADI GRITHA Ref—A.F.I
  21. 21. Drava dravyas like Kalka is 1/8 th part of sneha add 4 parts of water 1/8:1:4 DUGDHA DHADHI MAMSARASA TAKRA Dr.KISHORE 21 ?
  22. 22. EXAMPLES DUGDHA Go Dugdha Aja Dugdha Kumkumadi Taila Anu Taila • DADHI Kottam Chukkadhi Taila • TAKRA Grahanimihira Taila • MAMSA RASA Sambukadya Taila Dr.KISHORE 22Ref—A.F.I
  23. 23. • GHRITAS with MAMSA RASA AMRITHA PRASHA GHRITA BRIHATH CHAAGALYADHI GRITHA BRIHAT ASWAGANDHA GHRITA GO DUGDA AMRITHA BHALLATAKA GHRITA KSHIRA SHATPHALA GHRITA Dr.KISHORE 23Ref—A.F.I
  24. 24. • If 4 or less they have to be four times to the quantity of sneha in total • If drava dravyas are 5 or more in number then each one should be taken equal to that of sneha Dr.KISHORE 24 ?
  25. 25. EXAMPLES • NILI BRINGADI TAILA DRAVA DRAVYAS are NILI SWARASA BRINGARAJA SWARASA AJA KSHIRA NARIKELA KSHIRA MAHISHI KSHIRA GO DUGDA 6 Dr.KISHORE 25Ref—A.F.I
  26. 26. KALKA DRAVYA AND SNEHA Then DRAVA DRAVYA WATER ¼:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 26 ?
  27. 27. EXAMPLES • WATER as DRAVA DRAVYA in CHITRAKADI TAILA PINDA TAILA Dr.KISHORE 27Ref—A.F.I
  28. 28. • KALKA (Kwatha dravyas are used as Kalka dravya) • Only Sneha and KWATHA 1/6:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 28 ?
  29. 29. EXAMPLES KETHAKI MULADI TAILA Dr.KISHORE 29Ref—SAHASRA YOGAM
  30. 30. • DRAVA DRAVYA and SNEHA • WITHOUT KALKA 0:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 30 ?
  31. 31. EXAMPLES • NIRGUNDI TAILA NIRGUNDI PATRA SWARASA SNEHA DRAVYA Dr.KISHORE 31
  32. 32. • If Pushpa is kalka dravya • Kalka is 1/8 th part of sneha 1/8:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 32 ? EXAMPLES VASA GHRITA SURASADI TAILA Ref—A.H.CHI/2/42-44 Ref—SUSRUTHA
  33. 33. SAVEERYATA AVADHI AND MATRA Dr.KISHORE 33Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
  34. 34. SNEHA PAAKA KAALA • The Duration of Paka period depends on the nature of the Drava dravyas added to Sneha. • Valli , Moola - 12 days • Kwatha, Aranala and Takra - 5 days • Swarasa - 3 days • Dugdha - 2 days • Mamsa rasa, Vrihi dhanya - 1 day Dr.KISHORE 34Ref—B.R/1/1310-1312
  35. 35. SNEHA SIDDHI LAXANAS वार्तिवत् निेहकल्कः नयाद् अंगुल्या पवमर्दिताः शब्दहीिो अस्ग्ि र्िक्षिप्तः निेहः ससध्दो ववेत् तदा यदा फे िोद्गमनतैले फे िशास्ततश्च सपििपि गतध वर्ि रसोत्िपतः निेहससस्ध्दः तदा ववेत् Dr.KISHORE 35Ref—Sha Ma /9/12-13
  36. 36. ? FOAM APPEARS IN TAILA Dr.KISHORE 36
  37. 37. ? FOAM DISAPPEARS IN GHRITA Dr.KISHORE 37
  38. 38. SNEHA PAKA आम िाक र्िवीयि अस्ग्िमातध्य गुु मॄदु िाक िनय कमि मध्यम िाक सवि कमि खर िाक अभ्यड़गार्थं दग्ध िाक दाह् , र्िश्प्रयोजि Dr.KISHORE 38Ref—Sha Ma /9/17
  39. 39. HOW TO ASSESS PAKA • Ama paka Apari Paka • Mridu paka Less quantity of Moisture in Kalka • Madhayama paka Soft but devoid of moisture • Khara paka Slightly rough to touch • Dagdha paka Katina Tara Sneha kalka Dr.KISHORE 39
  40. 40. PAKA SHARANGADHARA CHARAKA SUSHRUTHA VAGBHATA MRIDU NASYA NASYA PANA NASYA MADHYAMA SARVA KARMA PANA & BASTI NASYA & ABHYANGA PANA & BASTI KHARA ABHYANGA ABHYANGA BASTI AND KARNA PURANA ABHYANGA Dr.KISHORE 40
  41. 41. ADITYA PAKA Dravya + Sneha appropriate paatra ADITYA PAKA EXAMPLE KASISADI GHRITA Kasisa Nisha Musta etc., drugs are taken in quantity of 1 Karsha and powdered 30 Pala of GHRITA kept in TAMRA PAATRA Exposed to SUN for 7 days Dr.KISHORE 41Ref—Sha Ma /9/51-57
  42. 42. GANDHA PAKA • Drugs are taken in equal quantity and powdered thoroughly and packed in cotton cloth • Taila is to be taken about 16 times to that of drugs powder • When Taila is boiled, the Pottali is immersed in the Taila and vessel is closed • Its immersed for Ten days then the pottali is to be squeezed properly to obtain GANDHA PAKA Dr.KISHORE 42Ref—B.R/5/1309
  43. 43. MURCHANA • Sneha is subjected to one particular samskara called Sneha murchana. • Applicable for both Ghrita and Taila. • Durgandha vinahanthi, Ama dosha harathi • Veeryavan , Soukhya dhaayi Dr.KISHORE 43Ref—B.R/5/1285
  44. 44. GHRITA MURCHANA One Pala each One Prastha Four Prastha Pathya, Dhatri Vibhitaki Jaladha Rajani Matulunga swarasa GHRITA JALA Dr.KISHORE 44Ref—B.R/5/1285
  45. 45. TILA TAILA MURCHANA Manjishta Rajani , Lodhra Musta, Nalika Triphala, Bala Vatankura, Suchi Pushpa mula rasa TILA TAILA JALA M U R C H I T H A T I L A T A I L A 1/16 Parts 1/64 Parts 1 Part 4 Parts Dr.KISHORE 45Ref—A.F.I
  46. 46. QUALITIES OF MURCHITHA SNEHA • Significant increase in Iodine and Saponification values • Decrease in the Acid value • Decrease in the Rancidity • Decrease in the Saturated acid profile and increase in the Unsaturation Percentage Dr.KISHORE 46 Standardization of Tila taila (Sesamum oil) - An Ingredient used in the Ayurvedic Vaitarana Basti Dr. Sriram Chandra Mishra, Dr. Narayan Chandra Dash. Department of Kayachikitsa, Gopabandhu Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Puri, Odisha
  47. 47. WHY TILA TAILA IS BEST • LIGNANS Acts as anti cholesterol agents • SESAMIN Protects liver from the oxidative damage Dr.KISHORE 47
  48. 48. AVARTANA • Repeating the process (sneha kalpana) for several times means Avartana • This potentiates the final product; to achieve the maximum benefit of the drug Dr.KISHORE 48Ref—CHA.CHI.29/117-120
  49. 49. METHOD OF PREPARATION • The general procedure of Sneha kalpana is followed to obtain sneha • Kalka and Drava dravya are added for second Avarthy and Sneha paka is done • Number of such repetitions would determine the number of AVARTANA • Variation in consistency, colour and odour of the product may be observed after each Avartana Dr.KISHORE 49
  50. 50. EXAMPLES OF AVARTAYUKTA SNEHA KALPANAS • KSHEERA BALA TAILA 101 • DHANWANTARAM TAILA 101 Dr.KISHORE 50 PHARMACEUTICAL STUDY OF AVARTITA HINGUSAUVARCHALADI GHRITA Roshy Joseph C, Ilanchezhian R
  51. 51. KUZHAMBU • Kerala Pharmacies are using Kuzhambu practically in Sneha kalpana • To get more Vatahara action than the Taila by adding Eranda taila, etc. • By doing this procedure viscosity of the Sneha will increase • There will be no change in the ingredients but only in the Sneha dravya Dr.KISHORE 51
  52. 52. EXAMPLES Dr.KISHORE 52Sesame oil, Cow's ghee, Castor Oil Sesame Oil, Cow ghee, Castor Oil
  53. 53. SNEHA KALPANA WITH RASA DRAVYAS • Tailas like KUSHTA RAKSHASA TAILA Shuddha Parada, Shuddha Gandhaka , Sindhura, Haratala, Tamra, Manashila JATYADI TAILA ------- Tuttha VRANA RAKSHASA TAILA ….. Shuddha Parada, Gandhaka, Haratala, Manashila Tamra bhasma Dr.KISHORE 53Ref—A.F.I
  54. 54. CONTD…. • GHRITAS LIKE KASISADI GHRITA KASISA, MANASHILA, HARATALA, GANDHAKA SINDHURA, KAMPILLAKA Dr.KISHORE 54Ref—A.F.I
  55. 55. SNEHA KALPANA IN SDM TEACHING PHARMACY Dr.KISHORE 55
  56. 56. RESEARCH WORKS • PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SNEHA PAKA SAMAYA W.S.R. BRAHMI GRITHA AND ITS EFFECT ON MEMORY IN ALBINO RATS SARAN BABU ; SDMCA, HASSAN • CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF NIRGUNDI TAILA W.S.R.TO PREPARE IN DIFFERENT NUMBER OF DAYS • PRASHANTH BK RAO K SHANKAR Dr.KISHORE 56
  57. 57. DISCUSSION • Kalpana in which Agni, Jala and Kaala samskaras are used to obtain active principles is Sneha kalpana • Unique procedure to extract both water and lipid soluble active principles • It is administered by different routes as Bahya and Abhyantara • Madhyama paka is considered as Sarva karma yukta Dr.KISHORE 57
  58. 58. CONTD….. • Murchana plays an important role in Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics • Avartana increases potency of the product • Viscosity of Kuzhambu is more than normal Taila because of more Sneha dravyas incorporated • Rules are set for complete or proper extraction of gunas (active principles) into Sneha Dr.KISHORE 58
  59. 59. CONCLUSION • Sneha kalpana is widely used dosage form in Ayurvedic pharmaceutics • Method of preparation and rules are explained to acquire the complete efficacy of the drugs employed • More research needs to be done to revalidate the concepts explained Dr.KISHORE 59
  60. 60. Dr.KISHORE 60 • VAIDHYAKA SHABDHA SINDHU • AYURVEDIC FORMULARY OF INDIA • SHARANGADHARA SAMHITHA • ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM CHIKITSA STHANAM • BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI • SAHASRA YOGAM • AN EXTENSIVE CHEMICALAND CHROMATOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF AMURCHITHA, MURCHITHAAND AUSHADHA SIDDHA TAILAS PREPARED WITH AMURCHITHA AND MURCHITHA TAILAS, HIREMATH B REFERENCES
  61. 61. Dr.KISHORE 61
  62. 62. 7 Dr.KISHORE 62
  63. 63. Dr.KISHORE 63 HAPPY C H A T H U R D H I G A N E S H IN ADVANCE
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preparation with oil and ghee as base

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