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Pranayama

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Pranayama and it's effect, ( paranayama )
type of pranayama.
Mechanics of breathin.
common benefits
pranayama in present scenerio

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Pranayama

  1. 1. PRANAYAMA 1 Presented By Dr. Mukesh Kumar M.D. Scholar
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. “rfLeu~lfr’oklç’okl;®xZfrfoPNsn%çk.kk;ke% AA” AAप.यो.-2/49AA  Fourth step of Ashtanga Yoga  Compound word – “prana” + “ayama”  Prana = pra (prefix) + an (to breathe, to live)  “prana” is life‐force, the cosmic vital energy  “ayama” means to stretch, expand, control  Pranayama is to expand and control prana  Breath is a gross manifestation of prana, usually equated with prana  In ancient time, to increase longevity, our sages formulate some technique to achieve highest goal of life i.e. renunciation 3
  4. 4.  Breathing techniques help control prana in different ways.  This strengthens the lungs and balances the nervous system, preparing the body to hold the breath [retention].  Practicing pranayama on a regular basis regulates energy flow to the 72 thousand nadis [channels through which consciousness flows] in our body, helping us improve our wellbeing. 4
  5. 5.  Diaphragm separates the thoracic area from the abdominal area  When diaphragm moves down, chest and ribcage expand, bringing in air into the lungs  When diaphragm returns to the resting position, air expelled from lungs  Three phases of breathing: diaphragmatic, thoracic, clavicular  Diaphragmatic breathing most efficient ‐ infants use it naturally  Yogic, complete breath exercises all three areas of lungs  Compression of abdominal muscles can empty the lungs further 5
  6. 6.  Pooraka: Breathe in - Inhalation  Rechaka: Breathe out – Exhalation  Kumbhaka: Hold the air inside the body  Bahya Kumbhaka(Shunyaka): This is opposite Kumbhaka. Air is exhaled and held at that condition.  Prana: Oxygen in general is called Prana. However based on purpose and area in the body, they are called by 5 different names (Maha Prana) Prana: From throat to heart Apana: Umblical (Naabhi) to toes Vyana: Energy in entire body and its cells. Udana: Throat upwards Samana: In between heart and Umblical (Naabhi) 6 AA iÛ ;®Û 2@51AA
  7. 7. 7 Inhalation Held in Exhalation Held out
  8. 8. घेरंड संfहता के प्राणायाम lfgr% lw;ZHksn’p mTtk;h ’khryh HkfL=dk Hkzkejh ewPNkZ d¢oyh pk"VdqfEHkdk%AA ||घे.स.५/४६|| 1. Sahita 2. Suryabhedana 3. Ujjayi 4. Sheetli 5. Bhastrika 6. Bhramari 7. Murcha 8. Kevali हठ प्रदीपिका के प्राणायाम lw;ZHksnueqTtk;h lhRdkjh ‘’khryh rFkk A HkfL=dk Hkzkejh ewPNkZ IykfouhR;"V dqEHkdk%AA ||ह.प्र.२/४४|| 1. Suryabhedana 2. Ujjayi 3. Sheetkari 4. Sheetli 5. Bhastrika 6. Bhramari 7. Murcha 8. Plavini 8
  9. 9. Type of Pranayama:- (Mattra & Kala) STAGES POORAKA KUMBHAKA RECHAKA Uttama 20 80 40 Madhyama 16 64 32 Adhama 12 48 24 9 ||घे.स.5/54||
  10. 10. “pysokrs pya fpÙak fu’pys fu’pya Hkosr~ A ;ksxh LFkk.kqRoekIuksfrrrksok;aq fujks?k;sr~ AA” ||ह.प्र. 2/2|| “çk.kk;kesu ;qDrsu loZjksx{k;ks Hkosr~ A v;qDrkH;kl;ksxsu loZjksxleqn~~Hko% AA” ||ह.प्र. 2/16|| 10
  11. 11.  Method  BENEFITS : This is also seasonal pranayama by doing this body temperature rises during the winter season this is to be done and, whenever we are suffering from cold it is to be practiced. 11 12
  12. 12.  Method  Benefit Cures thyroid related problem like snoring. Improves sound quality. Hence very useful for singers and stage performers. Cures sinus related diseases. 12
  13. 13.  Method:-  Benefits: It cools the body. Good for teeth and gums. and It cures pyorrhea. 13
  14. 14.  Method  Benefits Cools the body Cures acidity and hypertension Relieves indigestion and disorders of the bile Improves health of eyes and skin Cures tonsillitis. 14
  15. 15.  Method  Benefit Cures sinus related diseases like cold, cough, asthma etc. Cures throat related diseases like Thyroid and Tonsils 15
  16. 16.  Method  Benefit With the practice of this Pranayama the mind becomes steady. It is beneficial in conditions like mental tension, agitation, high blood pressure, heart disease etc. It is also useful for meditation. 16
  17. 17. Murcha Pranayama  Method  Benefit It make the mind inactive or senseless, so it cut off the mind from outer world and helps the practitioner to perform meditation. 17
  18. 18.  Method  Benefit Practitioners of Plavini Pranayama can pass several days without food or water. 18
  19. 19.  Doesn’t require any special equipment  Can be integrated into daily life  Can be done by most patients  Can be done in healthy person  Can be teach in shorter time  Can be used with other practices  Cost effective 19
  20. 20.  Needs : Regularity Discipline Dedication Determination Comprehension  Lack of qualified teachers ( in absence complication can arise like Vatik disorders described in classics.) 20
  21. 21.  Pranayama practice increases life. Ex. Breathing system/min life span Dog 30-34 times 12-15 yrs Horse 24-26 times 20-30 yrs Human 12-18 time 80-100 yrs Snake 8-10 time 120-150 yrs Tortoise 4–6 times 300 -500 yrs  Provide relaxation to body and mind  Improves:- Blood Circulation, Concentration, Digestion, Lungs capacity and Energy levels  Beneficial in prevention and management of :- Blood pressure, Stress, Anxiety, Stomach disorders, Hyperacidity Depression, Heart problems, Cancer and so many health issues. 21
  22. 22.  Art of living – Sudarshan kriya  Vipasana – awareness to breathing  Patanjali ( Baba Ramdev ) – different technique of kapal bhati and Anulom Vilom, Udgeeth pranayama 22
  23. 23.  Method  Benefit With the practice of this Pranayama the mind becomes steady, relieves tension and improves concentration power. 23
  24. 24.  Method  Benefit Obesity, diabetes, constipation, acidity etc. 24
  25. 25.  Pranayama is a technique or process for stilling of mind.  By performing pranayama, one can achieve healthy body and mind.  By increases Prana ( Vital force ) one can enjoy a healthy life ( if seen in present context) and can lead a path for higher level of renunciation.  Some rules are there, for performing which should be followed like observance of Yama and Niyama etc.  It can be followed as therapeutic procedures in some conditions. 25
  26. 26.  Hath yogpardipika, Tripathi Harihar Prasad, Chaukhamba Parkashan,Varanasi  Gherand Samhita, Sharma Raghwa Raghuvendra, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Partisthan, Delhi  Light on the yoga sutras of patanjali, B.K.S.Iyengar, Harper Collins Publishers limited, London  Light on Pranayama, B.K.S. Iyengar, Harper Collins Publishers limited, London  Paranayama, Vivekananda kendra prakashan trust, Chennai 26
  27. 27. 27
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Pranayama and it's effect, ( paranayama ) type of pranayama. Mechanics of breathin. common benefits pranayama in present scenerio

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