Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Masters Thesis Defense
Assessment of food security status of PSNP beneficiary
households in Ethiopia: The case of Libokemkem woreda,
south Gondar zone.
Supervisor of thesis: Dr.Temesgen Tilahun
Background and statement of the problem
Objectives of the study
Selection of the study area
Data type and source
Method of data collection
Sample size and sampling procedure
Model specification and method of data analysis
Household food security status
Stunting (chronic malnutrition)
Major coping strategies
Determinants of household food security
Food security recently applied to community, local,
household & individual level (Foster 1992).
Necessity to include nutrition into food security
evolved over time (Quisumbing 1995) .
Food insecurity, malnutrition and vulnerability remain
high in Ethiopia (WB 2014):
29 % absolute poor,
44 % suffer from chronic malnutrition, and
43 % vulnerable to absolute poverty.
Causes of food insecurity in Ethiopia?
weak institutions (market and land tenure);
low productivity rain fed agriculture;
low off farm opportunities;
[Firehiwot 2007; Degefa 2002; Gebremedhin 2001;
Devereux-2000; Masefield 2000; Hurni 1998]
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Previous food security studies focus on process indicators.
Studies on the nutritional status of children in PSNP woredas
are not easily available
Attention to investigate the status of the linkage between food
security program (PSNP) and nutrition is not adequate .
Hence the main gap is to assess food security status of PSNP
households using both process and outcome indicator:
prevalence of food insecurity (access)
prevalence of stunting (chronic malnutrition)
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
to assess the food security status of the PSNP beneficiary
households in Libokemkem district.
measurement of prevalence of household food insecurity
measurement of prevalence of stunting (chronic malnutrition);
determinants of food insecurity;
identify household coping strategies.
What does the PSNP beneficiary household food security (access
to food) status look like in the study area?
What does the chronic malnutrition (stunting) rate of children
under five look like in the area?
What are the factors affecting food security situation in the area?
What are the main coping strategies in food shortage situation?
Household food security status has a positive correlation with :-
use of chemical fertilizer,
size of cultivated land, and
size of irrigated land;
while it is negatively associated with family size .
Selection of study area
selection of Libokemkem district was purposive:
CFI districts [targeted by PSNP program];
frequent visit RRM (Rapid Response Mechanism)
Data source; Ethiopian mapping agency
Sample size and sampling procedures
two clusters of PSNP kebeles (case load)
two kebeles were selected randomly
sample size (Yamane1967):- n = N/1+N*(e)²
Where: n- sample size, N -population size, e –sampling error (5%)
however, sample size scaled up to 171 (all pw in Birkute)
increase number of child
finally systemic random sampling to select respondents
Sample Kebeles Total PW - HH Sample size (PPS)
Ginazana Selqisa 149 96
Birkute 75 48
Total 224 144
Data collection methods:
Household survey questionnaire;
Focus group discussion;
Key informant interview;
Analysis of relevant documents.
Model specification and analysis
Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS):
to measure household food insecurity status
to measure stunting (chronic malnutrition) status
Multiple Logistic Regression Model: flexible and easily used
function; meaningful interpretation, and simpler in estimation
to identify the determinants of food security status.
Mixed data analysis method
Quantitative data analysis
descriptive statistical techniques;
inferential statistics (simple regression using T-test as
well as maximum likelihood estimate of logit model).
Qualitative data analysis
narrated to substantiate quantitative findings;
qualitative data was reduced according to similar patterns of
major sources of food;
households’ coping strategies;
reasons to sell most of agricultural products...
Household food security status
13.75 % (n=22) food secure
86.25 % (n=138) food insecure
Measurement of Prevalence of Stunting
not stunted 17; moderately 4; and severely 41
Stunning by food security status
11 food secure ; 34 food insecure
Stunting by sex
N = 62 [F 29, M 33]
2 out of 3 were admitted for Out Patient Therapeutic Feeding (Birkute HP).
Major coping strategies
Distribution by Coping Stages
Source: Adopted from MOH (2011)
Coping Stages Marked by Percent
Stage 1 Insurance Strategies Reversible strategies 77.5
Stage 2 Crisis Strategies I
Marked by the sale of
non productive assets 16.88
Stage 3 Crisis Strategies II
Marked by sale of
productive assets 5.63
Distribution by coping stages
Determinants of food security
The maximum likelihood estimate of logit model
*** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1
Variable Estimated Coefficient Odds Ratio Std.
Family Size -.853 0.426 .17961 0.043**
Cultivable Land 6.775 875.724 2140.93 0.006***
Irrigated Land 16.707 61.222 1.5938 0.004 ***
Market Distance .572 1.772 .4058 0.012 **
Education -.737 .478 .2952 0.232
TLU .349 1.418 .8006 0.536
Annual Income .0001 1.000 .0003 0.63
The farming systems is constrained by:
socioeconomic , and
Lack of sources of employment opportunities other than on-
farm activities was found one of the challenges;
The majority of study households are food insecure; &
The prevalence of chronic malnutrition is also higher.
Shift from short term support scheme to livelihood based and
development oriented approach;
Improving productivity through technology based approach:
Strengthening complimentarity between PSNP and other
Livelihood diversifications to improve food access through:
employment pathway in the local labor markets;
Appropriate development interventions toward women:
increase women’s income earning opportunities;
reducing their work load;
IGS and decision making at household level.
Targeted intervention within the ongoing FSP [ PSNP] :
pregnant and lactating mothers;and
Linking the PSNP cash/food transfer with non food
contributors of nutrition:
social transformation process through
social behavioral change approach:
Thank y u!!!