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Travel & Tourism

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Travel & Tourism

  2. 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT <ul><li>First and foremost I thank Almighty. </li></ul><ul><li>I extend my heartfelt gratitude to our faculty Mrs.Sumathy for her guidance, timely support and encouragement in completing this project. </li></ul><ul><li>I am grateful to my parents for their support in this work. </li></ul><ul><li>I am thankful to my training counselors & who all encouraged me to finish up this work successfully. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ROUTING
  5. 5. DUBAI
  6. 6. HISTORY OF DUBAI <ul><li>DUBAI is one of the </li></ul><ul><li>fastest developing country </li></ul><ul><li>DUBAI is the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates on the Arabian Peninsula. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The early history of Dubai is not very well documented, archeological discoveries suggests that, as long as four thousand years ago, small fishing communities lived along the coast of the Arabian Gulf on the site of what we know today as Dubai. </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai's enormous constructions and developments in various industries through innovative real estate projects, sports events, shopping festivals and conferences has attracted world-wide attention for Dubai City, establishing it as the world's leading business hub. </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai has a rich cultural scene with art museums, film festivals (Dubai film festival) and performing arts centers, in addition to being a shopper's delight. Dubai is a city of excitement waiting to be explored holding the potential for one of the most significant international cities of the 21st century. </li></ul>
  8. 8. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF DUBAI <ul><li>The Dubai world trade centre </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Dubai Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Bastakiya </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Mosque </li></ul><ul><li>Wafi city </li></ul><ul><li>Deira city centre </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Dubai World Trade Centre <ul><li>It is Considered to be one of Dubai's most important landmarks. </li></ul><ul><li>It has 39-storeys of local and international companies </li></ul>
  10. 10. Dubai Creek <ul><li>Dubai Creek offers a picturesque glimpse of Dubai's trading heritage. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be crossed by Abra (water Taxi) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Dubai Museum <ul><li>Al Fahidi Fort, built last century, was renovated in 1970 to house a museum where 4000-year-old archaeological finds and dioramas of traditional life are displayed. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Dubai’s old Bastakiya <ul><li>The earliest form of air conditioning, the wind tower, which was used to cool homes in the Gulf, can still be seen in the Bastakiya area, to the east of Al Fahidi Fort where many traditional courtyard houses can be found. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Grand Mosque <ul><li>The Grand Mosque was only rebuilt in 1998 and boasts the city’s tallest minaret, at 70m (231ft). Located on the Bur Dubai side of the creek, near the Ruler’s Court, the Grand Mosque consists of nine large domes and 45 smaller ones. This huge religious edifice can house up to 1200 worshippers </li></ul>
  14. 14. Wafi City <ul><li>Wafi City is a shopping complex that hosts a variety of designer shops, boutiques and other entertainment facilities. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Deira City Centre <ul><li>One of the biggest shopping malls in Dubai. </li></ul><ul><li>It is boasts of an extensive variety of popular shops for fashion, electronics, cosmetics, furniture and more. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ITALY
  17. 17. HISTORY <ul><li>For thousands of years, Italy has been at the forefront of modern culture. The birthplace of the Roman Empire and fountainhead of the Renaissance, Italy has retained a prominent spot atop the global radar since long before the time of Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>Giuseppe Garibaldi formed the current kingdom of Italy in 1861, but the roots of Italian history date back to a largely undocumented tribe called the Etruscans. </li></ul>
  18. 18. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF ITALY <ul><li>Leaning Tower of Pisa </li></ul><ul><li>Vatican museum </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Opera </li></ul><ul><li>Piazza Navona </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Etna Volcano </li></ul>
  19. 19. Leaning Tower of Pisa <ul><li>The Tower of Pisa is the bell tower of the Cathedral. Its construction began in the august of 1173 and continued for about two hundred years, in full fidelity to the original project, whose architect is still uncertain. </li></ul><ul><li>Both because of its inclination, and its beauty, from 1173 up to the present the Tower has been the object of very special attention. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Vatican Museum <ul><li>Located on the north side of Vatican City, a spiral ramp leads visitors inside the Vatican museum, a haphazard array of corridors and papal spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the Renaissance paintings garner much of the praise heaped on the museum, the Vatican library holds an impressive and enchanting collection of crumbling documents, medieval treaties and antique books. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Italian Opera <ul><li>The history of Italian opera is forever interweave with the aristocratic leaders of the time - the musical form was derived from courtly entertainment in palaces all over the world and originally conceived as a recreational activity performed for only the very wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Many Italian opera houses built during this time still exist today, and most of them still hold performances on a regular basis. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Piazza Navona <ul><li>Piazza Navona Rome  is one of the finest squares found in all of the city, and anywhere else, for that matter.  </li></ul><ul><li>Three magnificent fountains occupy the Navona Square, built upon the ruins of the first century Stadium of Domition. </li></ul><ul><li>This explains its long, oval shape and it is a place where ancient Romans used to watch a variety of games and races.  </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mount Etna Volcano <ul><li>Standing at almost 11,000 feet, Mount Etna dominates the Sicilian skyline, a vague threat situated near the island's eastern coast. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the most active volcano in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The ancient Greeks believed it to be the home of Vulcan, the god of fire - to them, Mount Etna erupting merely meant Vulcan was forging weapons for Mars, the god of war </li></ul>
  24. 24. SPAIN
  25. 25. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF SPAIN <ul><li>Picasso Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Pamplona </li></ul><ul><li>Guell Park </li></ul><ul><li>Caves of Drach </li></ul><ul><li>Toledo </li></ul>
  26. 26. Picasso Museum <ul><li>The Picasso Museum highlights include: Picasso’s childhood drawings made in La Coruna between the ages of 10 and 14, his blue period paintings, and his 44 cubist Las Meninas studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona’s Picasso Museum is composed largely from the private collection of the artist’s longtime friend, Jaime Sabartes. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>The running of the bulls in Pamplona Spain was first made famous in Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Sun Also Rises. Since then, tourists have flocked to the Basque town of Pamplona Spain every June to sing, dance, drink, and careen down the town’s cobbled streets with a herd of angry and confused bulls charging behind them during the running of the bulls Pamplona. </li></ul>Pamplona
  28. 28. Caves of Drach <ul><li>Of all of the beautiful and adventurous places to go in Mallorca Spain, the most famous tourist attraction is the Caves of Drach (Caves of the Dragon). </li></ul><ul><li>The caves consist of 12 main areas and other impressive chambers such as the Black Cave, the White Cave, and the Luis Salvator Cave </li></ul>
  29. 29. Guell Park <ul><li>Park Guell Barcelona is the perfect setting to enjoy a cold drink, play a game of Frisbee, or simply take in the fabulous views of the city and harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>The serpentine bench at Guell Park that encircles the main ground is one of the most unique features of this Alice in Wonderland-like park </li></ul>
  30. 30. Toledo <ul><li>Toledo is one of the most important centers of European medieval history </li></ul><ul><li>More than religious architecture, Toledo is known for the imposing Alcazar fortress. </li></ul>
  31. 31. FRANCE
  32. 32. HISTORY <ul><li>France is an independent nation in Western Europe and the center of a large overseas administration. It is the third-largest European nation (after Russia and Ukraine). </li></ul><ul><li>Since the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa </li></ul>
  33. 33. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF FRANCE <ul><li>Eiffel Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Disneyland </li></ul><ul><li>Flea Market </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles and its Chateau </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Theatre - Opera National de Bordeaux </li></ul>
  34. 34. Eiffel Tower <ul><li>The Eiffel Tower is the most recognizable landmark in Paris and is known worldwide as a symbol of France.  </li></ul><ul><li>The structure was built from 1887 to 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle (1889), a World's fair marking the centennial celebration of the French revolution.  </li></ul>
  35. 35. Disneyland <ul><li>Disneyland Resort Paris, originally known as Euro Disney, is a theme park run by Euro Disney SCA, 39% of which is owned by The Walt Disney Company, in Marne-la-Vallée near Paris </li></ul><ul><li>The park also has its own train station where the TGV (named Thalys when coming from Brussels) stops and its own RER (commuter train) station, so when visiting Paris you can hop on the RER and stop right in the park.  </li></ul>
  36. 36. Flea Market <ul><li>A flea market or swap meet is a type of bazaar where inexpensive or secondhand goods are sold or bartered. </li></ul><ul><li>The origins of the term are disputed, but some have observed that buyers and sellers may be as active as fleas, or that the original people and goods were infested. According to Word and Phrase Origins, the term was derived from the &quot;Vallie Market&quot; of Manhattan. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Versailles and its Chateau <ul><li>Versailles used to be an unimportant village a few miles west of France until May 6, 1682 when King Louis XIV moved his court to the Palace of Versailles there. Versailles is now a very bourgeois suburb of Paris.  </li></ul>
  38. 38. GrandTheatreBordeaux <ul><li>Considered by many to be the cultural heart of the city, this elaborately carved opera house surprises the senses with its fine architecture and interior design as well as its world-class performances </li></ul>
  40. 40. Travel Documents for Dubai <ul><li>A valid passport for minimum 3 months on arrival. </li></ul><ul><li>For a longer stay, a traveler must obtain a visa before arrival in the UAE.  In addition, an HIV/AIDS test is required for work or residence permits; testing must be performed after arrival.  </li></ul><ul><li>The following DO NOT require a visa: 1) Nationals of United Arab Emirates 2) Citizens of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar & Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>No compulsory Vaccinations or immunization is needed. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Custom Rules In Dubai <ul><li>Import allowance : </li></ul><ul><li>2,000 cigarettes or 400 cigars or 2kg of tobacco) </li></ul><ul><li>2 lit of spirits & 2 lit of wine (non-Muslims only) </li></ul><ul><li>A reasonable quantity of perfume </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited/Restricted: </li></ul><ul><li> Prescribed drugs or over-the-counter medicines may be restricted, check prior to departure. Natural or cultured unstrung pearls except for personal use, firearms and ammunition, drugs. Wines, spirits & pork are restricted. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Travel Documents for Italy, Spain, France: <ul><li>A valid passport up to 3 months from the expiry of the visa </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen Visa </li></ul><ul><li>No compulsory vaccination and immunization needed </li></ul>
  43. 43. CUSTOM RULES IN ITALY, SPAIN, FRANCE <ul><li>Import Allowance: </li></ul><ul><li>200 cigarettes or cigars or 250 grams of tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>750ml of spirits (over 22% proof) or 2 liters of fortified or sparkling wine </li></ul><ul><li>60 grams of perfume </li></ul><ul><li>500 grams of coffee or 200 grams of coffee extracts; 100 grams of tea or 40 grams of tea extracts </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited items: </li></ul><ul><li>Gold objects other than personal jewellery below 500 grams in weight </li></ul>
  44. 44. Why European Countries have less Documentation ? <ul><li>Three of the Countries which I selected needs only less Documents because we are carrying a common visa that is called Schengen Visa instead of carrying individual Visa’s for each country. </li></ul><ul><li>A Schengen visa allows the holder to travel freely within the Schengen countries for a maximum stay up to 90 days in a 6 month period. </li></ul>
  45. 45. What is Schengen Visa ? <ul><li>The Schengen Visa has made traveling between its 15 European member countries much easier and less bureaucratic. Traveling on a Schengen Visa means that the visa holder can travel to any (or all) member countries using one single visa, thus avoiding the hassle and expense of obtaining individual visas for each country. This is particularly beneficial for persons who wish to visit several European countries on the same trip. The Schengen visa is a “visitor visa”. It is issued to citizens of countries who are required to obtain a visa before entering Europe. The purpose of the visit must be leisure, tourism, or business. Upon the issuance of the visa, the visa holder is allowed to enter all member countries and travel freely throughout the Schengen area. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Countries Accepting Schengen Visa <ul><li>Austria Malta </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>The Czech Republic Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Finland Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>France Slovenia </li></ul><ul><li>Germany Spain and </li></ul><ul><li>Greece Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>Latvia </li></ul><ul><li>Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>Luxembourg </li></ul>
  48. 48. Vegetarian Meal(VGML) <ul><li>Meats, fish, poultry or eggs will be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Food included will be pure vegetarian in any style like Indian, Chinese, Continental etc. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Seafood Meal <ul><li>Seafood is served in the main course. </li></ul><ul><li>Meal includes Appetizer , salad , Pan Fried Cod , Fresh fruit , Bread roll, cheese and biscuits </li></ul>
  50. 50. Child meal (CHML) <ul><li>Strong spices, big pieces, gravies etc will be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>This will include Bite-sized pieces of food liked by children, as they are easy to and digest and also it will nutritionally balanced. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Veg-Lacto meal (VLML) <ul><li>Meats, fish, poultry or eggs will be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>The meal will include vegetarian meal with diary products in it. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Muslim/Mohammedan meal (MOML) <ul><li>Pork, pork products and alcohol will be completely avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Food will be prepared according to the muslim-shariat laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Only halal meat is used. </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>Bassinet </li></ul><ul><li>Stretchers </li></ul><ul><li>Wheel chairs etc. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Bassinet
  56. 56. In-Flight Nursing Services
  57. 57. Stretcher service
  58. 58. Special In-flight Services
  59. 59. How The Itinerary Is Good For The Client ? <ul><li>The countries which I mentioned are one of the best tourist destinations of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The client and his family can enjoy the wide range of cuisine that are provided during the flight. </li></ul><ul><li>They can explore Dubai which is one of the best ever shopping destination. </li></ul><ul><li>The whole family can learn more about the history and visit the historical places of Italy & Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>The client can enjoy the different domestic flight exposure in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>They can have pleasure and enjoy the places in France. </li></ul>
  60. 60. FLIGHT DETAILS COK-DXB <ul><li>Cochin to Dubai </li></ul><ul><li>Air India flight 098 </li></ul><ul><li>Airline code: AI </li></ul><ul><li>Departure: Cochin , India at 8:30am on Jan 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival:  Dubai , UAE at12:45pm </li></ul><ul><li>on Jan 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Economy </li></ul>
  61. 61. DXB - ROM <ul><li>Dubai to Italy </li></ul><ul><li>British Airways Flight 125 </li></ul><ul><li>Airline Code: BA </li></ul><ul><li>Departure: Dubai, UAE at11:30pm on Jan 22. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : Italy,Rome at 10am on Jan 23. </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Economy </li></ul>
  62. 62. ROM - MAD <ul><li>Italy to Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Alitalia Linee Aeree Italiane Flight 055 </li></ul><ul><li>Airline Code: AZ </li></ul><ul><li>Departure : Italy, Rome at 7pm on Jan 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : Spain, Madrid at 11:30pm on Jan 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Economy </li></ul>
  63. 63. MAD - ORY <ul><li>Spain to France </li></ul><ul><li>Iberia Flight 075 </li></ul><ul><li>Airline Code: IB </li></ul><ul><li>Departure : Madrid-Barajas </li></ul><ul><li>at 11pm on Jan29 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival : France, Paris at 1:30am on Jan 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Economy </li></ul>
  64. 64. ORY - COK <ul><li>Paris to India </li></ul><ul><li>Air India flight 098 </li></ul><ul><li>Airline code: AI </li></ul><ul><li>Departure: France, Paris at 2am on Feb3 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival: Cochin , India at 12pm on Feb3 </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Economy </li></ul>
  65. 65. DAY TO DAY ITINERARY <ul><li>Day 1 - (Jan 20) </li></ul><ul><li>Departing from India by 8:30am, Arrival at Dubai by 12:45pm.Mr. Rohan Aluvalia ,Our representative will guide in Dubai. Stay at hotel Grand Hyatt. Dubai creek ride visit at 5pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 2 – (Jan 21) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit to museum at 9am.Trade Centre and grand mosque visit by 12pm.Visit to Wafi city by 5pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 3 – (Jan 22) </li></ul><ul><li> Visit to Bastakiya by 9am.Shopping at city centre by 2pm. Depart to Italy by 11:30pm. </li></ul>
  66. 66. <ul><li>Day 4 – (Jan 23) </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival at Italy by 10am.Mr.David will guide in Italy. Refresh and stay at hotel Milan. Visit to leaning tower of Pisa by 3pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 5 – (Jan 24) </li></ul><ul><li>Vatican museum visit by 9am.Spend an hour or two there. Visit to Piazza Navona by 3pm and Italian opera by 6pm.Night stay at hotel. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 6 – (Jan 25) </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Etna Volcano visit at 10am.Back to hotel room by 3pm, Refresh and Depart to airport by 7pm.Arrival to Spain by 11.30pm.Mr. Tom Sharon will guide to see Spain. Stay at Victoria 4, Madrid. </li></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><li>Day 7 – (Jan 26) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit to Toledo by 9am. Sight seeing till afternoon. Back to hotel by 4pm. Depart to Pamplona in domestic flight by 7pm. Night stay at hotel . </li></ul><ul><li>Day 8 – (Jan 27) </li></ul><ul><li>Pamplona visit at 8.30am. Depart to Barcelona in domestic flight by 3pm.Refresh at hotel. Head to Picasso museum by 5pm.Night stay at Barcelona. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 9 – (Jan 28) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit to Guell park by 9am.Enjoyment at park till 4pm.Depart to Palma in 8pm flight. Night stay at Palma. </li></ul>
  68. 68. <ul><li>Day 10 – (Jan 29) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit to Caves of Drach at Mallorca by 8am. Utilizing some hours at caves. Back to Madrid in 5pm flight from Palma. Depart to France by 11pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 11 – (Jan 30) </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival at Paris by 1.30am.Our representative, Mr. Richard will guide in France. Refresh and night stay at Le Méridien Etoile . Disney land visit at 9am. Fly to Bordeaux by 8pm. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 12 – (Jan 31) </li></ul><ul><li>Grand theatre visit by 9.30am and shopping. Fly to Paris by 6pm. Night stay in Paris. </li></ul>
  69. 69. <ul><li>Day 13 – (Feb 01) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit to Eiffel tower by 10am. Shopping at Flea market and sight seeing at Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 14 – (Feb 02) </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles Palace visit by 10am. By evening 6pm, checking out the hotel and moving to airport. </li></ul><ul><li>Day 15 – (Feb 03) </li></ul><ul><li>Depart to India by 2am. Arrival at India by 12pm. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Why my package is better than somebody else ? <ul><li>The tour spot offered is not so common </li></ul><ul><li>We have designed the package purely depending on personal interest of the client. </li></ul><ul><li>Another thing, that we have given priority to your safety and security. We have selected the countries keeping the political condition prevailing there in mind. So we make sure that you and your family is safe. </li></ul><ul><li>And we make sure that you get the best service through out your journey and you have a pleasant holiday. </li></ul>
  71. 71. TICKETS <ul><li>Ticket-1 </li></ul>
  72. 73. <ul><li>Ticket-2 </li></ul>
  74. 76. WHAT IS IATA ? <ul><li>IATA is an international organization for Air Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Association. </li></ul><ul><li>It was founded by the airlines in April 1945 in Havana, Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>The main objective of the organization are to promote safe, reliable, secure travel and to assist airline companies to achieve lawful competition and uniformity in prices. </li></ul>
  75. 77. Activities Of IATA <ul><li>Promote the global harmonization of aircraft equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce concerns for environmental emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Develop plan to address future airline training and qualification requirements </li></ul><ul><li>IATA offers a suite of financial services to the airline industry and associated partners to help them contain costs, improve their cash flow and maximise revenues. </li></ul>
  76. 78. WHAT IS UFTAA ? <ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) originate from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, IFTA and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. </li></ul>
  77. 79. Activities Of UFTAA <ul><li>To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents National Associations </li></ul><ul><li>To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>UFTAA encourages the preparations and publications of legal, economical and social surveys in connection with the travel agency. </li></ul>
  78. 80. WHAT IS PATA ? <ul><li>The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a membership association acting as a catalyst for the responsible development of the Asia Pacific travel and tourism industry. In partnership with PATA’s private and public sector members, we enhance the sustainable growth, value and quality of travel and tourism to, from and within the region. </li></ul>
  79. 81. Activities Of PATA <ul><li>PATA promotes developing and facilitating travel within the Pacific area region and the South-East Asia region including India. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides the meeting point for all the people involved in the travel trade and all the activities related to it from a large number of countries. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides up to date information on the field of tourism and the practical and theoretical experience in the field of tourism. </li></ul>
  80. 82. WHAT IS ICAO ? <ul><li>The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, created as a permanent body on April 4,1947 for codifying the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Its headquarters are located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>The ICAO is composed of 185 member nations </li></ul>
  81. 83. <ul><li>The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation. </li></ul>
  82. 84. Activities Of ICAO <ul><li>Ensure the safe and orderly growth to international civil aviation throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the arts of the aircraft design and operation for the peaceful purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the development of the railways, airports and navigation facilities for ICAO </li></ul><ul><li>Meets the needs of the people of the world for safety regular efficient, economical air transport. </li></ul>
  83. 85. WHAT IS CHICAGO CONVENTION ? <ul><li>In the year 1944 The Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviations developed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. </li></ul><ul><li>The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. </li></ul>
  84. 86. Activities Of Chicago Convention <ul><li>It governs relations between states on technical as well as commercial subjects connecting ICAO. </li></ul><ul><li>They govern the air services, customs, Facilitation, Documentation, Technical assistances etc.. </li></ul>
  85. 87. WHAT IS WARSAW CONVENTION ? <ul><li>The principal purpose of the Warsaw Convention is to determine the liability of air carriers in the case of an accident, both in regards to passengers and also baggage and cargo. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally signed in 1929 in Warsaw (hence the name), it was amended in 1955 at The Hague and in 1975 in Montreal. United States courts have held that, at least for some purposes, the Warsaw Convention is a different instrument from the Warsaw Convention as Amended by the Hague Protocol. </li></ul>
  86. 88. Activities Of Warsaw Convention <ul><li>It deals with claimants which includes the liability of airlines death or injury to passengers and for loss, damage or delay to baggage and cargo in most international travel. </li></ul>
  87. 89. How IATA & UFTAA Play An Important Role In Travel Industry ? <ul><li>International Air Transport Association (IATA). </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Federation of Travel Agent’s Association (UFTAA). </li></ul>
  88. 90. International Air Transport Association (IATA) <ul><li>Air transport is one of the most dynamic industries in the world. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is its global trade organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 60 years, IATA has developed the commercial standards that built a global industry. Today, IATA’s mission is to represent, lead and serve the airline industry. Its members comprise some 230 airlines - the world’s leading passenger and cargo airlines among them - representing 93 percent of scheduled international air traffic. </li></ul>
  89. 91. <ul><li>IATA’s aim is to help airlines help themselves by simplifying processes and increasing passenger convenience while reducing costs and improving efficiency. The groundbreaking Simplifying the Business initiative is crucial in this area. Moreover, safety is IATA’s number one priority, and IATA’s goal is to continually improve safety standards, notably through IATA’s Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). Another main concern is to minimize the impact of air transport on environment </li></ul>
  90. 92. Universal Federation of Travel Agent’s Association (UFTAA) <ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. </li></ul>
  91. 93. <ul><li>UFTAA’s mission is to be an international forum where matters affecting the world travel industry are addressed, representing and defending the interests of incoming and outgoing tour operators, travel and tourism agencies before the governmental bodies, suppliers and other entities of international scope. It also aims at strengthening its members’ image and enhance the world travel and tourism industry and a sustainable tourism. - To comply with its mission, the Confederation develops the following functions : - To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents’ National Associations and to globally enhance the interests of their members ; - To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers ; </li></ul>
  92. 94. <ul><li>- To work towards the adoption of measures that will ease travel for the consumer and to offer services to its member federations ; - To be an investigation and information centre supporting the member Federations’ work and to offer information for technological development ; - To offer, as a voluntary mechanism, an arbitration service which assists in solving conflicts resulting from commercial relations for which amicable settlement cannot be reached ; - To organize a world congress of travel agents and other meetings necessary to the exchange and transmission of knowledge. </li></ul>
  93. 95. Why IATA Is Considered As One Of The Best Organizations? <ul><li>IATA is an acronym for International Air Transportation Association, and is an organization which is self owned. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA identifies and develops operational solutions for all areas affecting aircrafts and airlines, either on ground or in flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Key Features of IATA’s are as follows : </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the global harmonization of aircraft equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and mitigate priority operational cost issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify reduction opportunities in fuel consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce concerns for environmental emissions. </li></ul>
  94. 96. BENEFITS INVOLVED IN IATA <ul><li>For consumers , IATA simplifies the travel and shipping processes, while keeping costs down. Passengers can make one telephone call to reserve a ticket, pay in one currency and then use the ticket on several airlines in several countries. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA allows airlines to operate safely, securely, efficiently and economically under clearly defined rules. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA serves as an intermediary between airlines and passenger as well as cargo agents via neutrally applied agency service standards and centralized financial systems. </li></ul><ul><li>A large network of industry suppliers and service providers gathered by IATA provides solid expertise to airlines in a variety of industry solutions.  </li></ul><ul><li>For governments, IATA seeks to ensure they are well informed about the complexities of the aviation industry to ensure better, long-term decisions </li></ul>
  95. 97. Alternative Countries <ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE </li></ul>
  96. 98. CHINA
  97. 99. HISTORY OF CHINA <ul><li>China is the World’s oldest continuous civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>The World’s Third largest Country, China covers a vast area of eastern Asia. It has, by far, the largest population in the World. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by the Communist Party since 1949,China is divided into 22provinces,5 autonomous regions, & 3 special municipalities. </li></ul>
  98. 100. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF CHINA <ul><li>Temple of Heaven, Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>Macao </li></ul><ul><li>The Great wall of China </li></ul><ul><li>The Forbidden City </li></ul><ul><li>Xian museum </li></ul>
  99. 101. Temple of Heaven, Beijing
  100. 102. Temple of Heaven, Beijing <ul><li>The Temple was built in 1420 A.D. during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifice to Heaven. As Chinese emperors called themselves 'The Son of Heaven' ,they dared not to build their own dwelling, 'Forbidden City' bigger than a dwelling for Heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>The Temple of Heaven is enclosed with a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular symbolizing the heavens and the southern part is square symbolizing the earth. </li></ul>
  101. 103. Macao
  102. 104. Macao <ul><li>A tiny peninsula in Southeast China, Macoa is a popular tourist destination, with fragrant woods, and a sandy coastline onto the South China sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Historical attractions such as St Paul’s Church, built by the Portuguese in 1602. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular casinos are the major attractions of the city. </li></ul>
  103. 105. The Great Wall of China
  104. 106. The Great Wall of China <ul><li>The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Stretching from Central Asia to Yellow sea, the wall’s total length is 6,400km </li></ul><ul><li>It is the world’s longest human-made structure. </li></ul>
  105. 107. The Forbidden City
  106. 108. The Forbidden City <ul><li>The Forbidden City is located at the center of Beijing. Rectangular shaped Forbidden City is the world's largest palace complex that covers the area of around of 74 hectares. It is also known as the Palace Museum or Gugong in the Chinese language. </li></ul>
  107. 109. Xian museum
  108. 110. Xian museum <ul><li>The Terracotta Armyare the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang the First Emperor of China. </li></ul><ul><li>The terracotta figures,were discovered in 1974 by several local farmers near Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China near the Mausouleum of the First Qin Emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>The figures include warriors, chariots, horses, officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians. Current estimates are that in the three pits containing the Terracotta Army there were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which are still buried in the pits. </li></ul>
  109. 111. JAPAN
  110. 112. HISTORY OF JAPAN <ul><li>Japan, the Land of Rising Sun, stretch about 1,900km into the pacific Ocean. Ethnic Japanese makes up 99percent of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>Its “ring of fire”, where the Earth’s plates collide, makes the country vulnerable to earthquakes and erupting volcanoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s booming economy is a global phenomenon, and its future lies in new technology for the 21st century </li></ul>
  111. 113. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF JAPAN <ul><li>Tokyo Disneyland </li></ul><ul><li>Hiroshima </li></ul><ul><li>Aya Castle </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Sword museum </li></ul><ul><li>Kyoto </li></ul>
  112. 114. Tokyo Disneyland
  113. 115. Tokyo Disneyland <ul><li>Tokyo Disneyland is a 115acre theme at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. </li></ul><ul><li>The park was constructed by Walt Disney. </li></ul><ul><li>There are seven themed areas, each complementing each other yet unique in their style. Made up of the World Bazaar, the four classic Disney lands: Adventureland,Westernland, Fantasyland and Tomorrowland, and two mini lands, Critter Country and Mickey's Toontown. </li></ul>
  114. 116. Hiroshima
  115. 117. Hiroshima <ul><li>The name Hiroshima is synonymous with the horrors of a nuclear holocaust. </li></ul><ul><li>The Peace Park commemorates the memories of all the victims with a Cenotaph listing all their names. </li></ul><ul><li>The Atomic Bomb museum, with its macabre photographs of the city and its victims is not for the faint-hearted </li></ul><ul><li>A memorial called the Children's Peace Memorial signifies the regeneration of Hiroshima </li></ul>
  116. 118. Aya Castle
  117. 119. Aya Castle <ul><li>Aya Castle (Aya-jo) is believed to have been built in the first half of the 14th century. </li></ul><ul><li>It came to be called Aya Castle as the person who built this castle identified himself as Aya. </li></ul><ul><li>The present three-storied castle tower was built in 1985. It houses a historical reference museum that exhibits armour worn by samurai in battle, swords, and ancient documents related to the castle. </li></ul>
  118. 120. Japanese Sword museum
  119. 121. Japanese Sword museum <ul><li>The Japanese Sword Museum collects and preserves 152 items, including swords such as the ones designated as National Treasures made by Nobuyoshi, Kuniyuki (Rai) and Kuniyuki (Taima), sword fittings, armor, and documents of metal working. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, exhibitions such as the &quot;Koto (old sword) and Shinto (new sword) Exhibition&quot; are held and the works of famous swordsmiths from the Heian to Edo Periods (782-1867) are on display. </li></ul><ul><li>The Archives Room houses about 1,500 historical documents and archives on swords. </li></ul>
  120. 122. Kyoto
  121. 123. Kyoto <ul><li>The spectacular sight of an eleven-story elevator at the train station, greets visitors to Kyoto. Kyoto, once the capital of Japan, has some of the most significant temples and shrines in Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The spectacular Kinkaku-ji, or literally the Golden Pavilion is covered with gold leaf, is mirrored in the small lake, which is nearby. </li></ul><ul><li>The 17th century Nijo castl, the Kiyomizu Temple, and the Nanzen Temple are places to visit in this town also famed for its pottery. </li></ul>
  122. 124. MALAYSIA
  123. 125. HISTORY OF MALAYSIA <ul><li>One of the most dynamic countries in Southeast Asia, Malaysia has developed their economy at a dramatic rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia’s 13states are ruled by sultans and governors, from which a new king is chosen every five years. </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia posses a “plural society”, the term means people who live together, but keep their own culture, language, and way of life. </li></ul>
  124. 126. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF MALAYSIA <ul><li>Langkawi: The island of mystical legends </li></ul><ul><li>Batu Feringgi </li></ul><ul><li>Petronas Twin Towers  </li></ul><ul><li>Sepang International F1 Circuit  </li></ul><ul><li>Gunung Mulu Caves </li></ul>
  125. 127. Langkawi: The island of mystical legends
  126. 128. Langkawi: The island of mystical legends <ul><li>Langkawi-This cluster of 99 islands has the best of many worlds. </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful beaches, world-class infrastructure, mangroves rich in flora and fauna, ultra-cheap duty-free shopping and fascinating legends. </li></ul>
  127. 129. Batu Feringgi
  128. 130. Batu Feringgi <ul><li>Batu Ferringhi is situated along the coastal road north-west of Georgetown </li></ul><ul><li>It is lined with a string of international-standard resorts and is the most popular beach in Penang. </li></ul>
  129. 131. Petronas Twin Towers 
  130. 132. Petronas Twin Towers   <ul><li>The 88-storey Petronas Twin Towers, otherwise known as KLCC the world's tallest twin structures. </li></ul><ul><li>These twin icon pierce the city skylines and are a truly magnificent sight. </li></ul>
  131. 133. Sepang International F1 Circuit 
  132. 134. Sepang International F1 Circuit  <ul><li>In step with the global rise in motor sports, Malaysia now has a challenging Formula 1 circuit just outside the KL International Airport. </li></ul><ul><li>The circuit hosts international motoring events and is also available for private bookings. </li></ul>
  133. 135. Gunung Mulu Caves
  134. 136. Gunung Mulu Caves <ul><li>Mulu Caves National Park is home to one of the longest networks of caves in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Here lies the world’s largest underground chamber, the Sarawak Chamber, capable of accommodating forty Boeing 747 airplanes. </li></ul>
  135. 137. SINGAPORE
  136. 138. HISTORY OFSINGAPORE <ul><li>In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles set up a British trading post in Singapore, formerly known as Temasek, which enabled the island to be a free trade centre for the East Indies. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the World’s most densely populated countries, Singapore has a myriad of traditional cultures and buildings alongside towering skyscrapers and space-age shops. </li></ul>
  137. 139. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF SINGAPORE <ul><li>Chinatown </li></ul><ul><li>Kampong Glam </li></ul><ul><li>Arab Street </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Zoo Night Safari Tour </li></ul><ul><li>Sentosa Island </li></ul>
  138. 140. Singapore Chinatown
  139. 141. Chinatown <ul><li>Singapore's Chinatown evolved around 1821 when the first Chinese junk arrived from Xiamen, Fujian province in China. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinatown’s local name - Niu Che Shui (Bullock Cart Water) arose from the fact each household at that time had to collect fresh water from the wells in Ann Siang Hill and Spring Street, using bullock-drawn carts. </li></ul>
  140. 142. <ul><li>The Al Abrar Mosque along Telok Ayer Street, and the Jamae Mosque and Sri Mariamman Temple along South Bridge Road lay witness to the harmonious racial and religious atmosphere in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinatown can be divided into four main districts - Kreta Ayer, Telok Ayer, Tanjong Pagar and Bukit Pasoh - each with its own distinctive flavour. The heart of activity is in the Trengganu/Smith Streets area. </li></ul>
  141. 143. Kampong Glam
  142. 144. Kampong Glam <ul><li>Named after the Gelam tree which used to grow in the area, Kampong Glam was the historic seat of Malay royalty in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, the former Istana Kampong Glam (Sultan’s palace) has been converted into a heritage museum, the Malay heritage Centre, to showcase the rich history and culture of Singapore’s Malay community. </li></ul><ul><li>A key building in Kampong Glam is Sultan Mosque (or Masjid Sultan) at Bussorah Street, the largest mosque in Singapore </li></ul>
  143. 145. Arab Street
  144. 146. Arab Street <ul><li>Arab Street is the centre of the Muslim community where it used to be the main selling place of Muslim men’s headgear (or songkok), the holy Quran, prayer mats and textiles. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Arab Street is a designer’s dream locale! Glittery and lavish fashion items abound, like the finest lace, sparkling semi-precious stones, ostrich feathers, iron-on diamantes, gold thread, and wholesale bales of silk, organza and lame which dazzle in rainbow hues and intensities. </li></ul>
  145. 147. Singapore Zoo Night Safari
  146. 148. Singapore Zoo Night Safari Tour <ul><li>The world's first nighttime zoo safari takes you through 40 hectares of secondary jungle adjoining Singapore Zoo, enhanced by subtle moonglow lighting. </li></ul><ul><li>The mystery and drama of the tropical jungle comes alive after dusk, and you'll experience a thrilling sense of roaming through the jungle as you travel through the grounds by open tram. </li></ul><ul><li>You'll pass a large reservoir and weave through habitats specially designed to replicate the natural environment, from the Himalayan foothills to the Southeast Asian rainforest and Indian subcontinent. </li></ul>
  147. 149. Sentosa Island
  148. 150. Sentosa Island <ul><li>Singapore's relaxing island resort. </li></ul><ul><li>pink dolphins at play in the Dolphin Lagoon, Underwater World oceanarium. </li></ul><ul><li>See “Images of Singapore” story and after dinner enjoy the multi-sensory sound and light water show “Songs of the Sea”. </li></ul><ul><li>This action-packed, family-friendly afternoon tour to Sentosa Island is guaranteed to please children and adults alike. </li></ul>
  149. 151. Travel Documents Documents required to visit china <ul><li>Visitors to China require a passport that is valid for at least six months prior to entry. </li></ul><ul><li>A return ticket . </li></ul><ul><li>All visitors are also required to fill in a health declaration certificate on arrival, entrance will be refused to HIV positive travelers. </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccination is required. </li></ul>
  150. 152. Documents required to visit Japan <ul><li>A valid passport </li></ul><ul><li>A return ticket is required by all visitors to Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Visas are required </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccination is required </li></ul><ul><li>One should take out travel insurance before visiting Japan, including insurance against medical costs, loss of belongings, theft, cancellation of journey. </li></ul>
  151. 153. Documents required to visit Malaysia <ul><li>Excluding US & UK citizens, everyone need a visa </li></ul><ul><li>A valid passport is required with at least six months remaining beyond the date of entry. </li></ul><ul><li>A return or onward ticket is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccinations - International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever required if arriving from infected area. </li></ul>
  152. 154. Documents required to visit Singapore <ul><li>All visitors must hold a passport which is valid for at least six months after the date of departure. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians need a visa </li></ul><ul><li>International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever required if arriving from infected area within 5 days </li></ul>
  153. 155. Import& Export regulations Import& Export regulations in China <ul><li>Free import </li></ul><ul><li>2 liters of alcoholic beverages ,400 cigarettes </li></ul><ul><li>50g of gold or silver </li></ul><ul><li>1 still camera and reasonable amount of film </li></ul><ul><li>All the receipts of the valuable articles, such as jewelry, jade, gold and silver ornaments, handicrafts, artifacts, paintings and calligraphy, you bought in China should be kept for the exit check. </li></ul><ul><li>Antiques are not permitted to leave China without the proper &quot;Certificates for the Export of Cultural Relics&quot; from the Chinese Authorities </li></ul>
  154. 156. Import & export regulation in Japan <ul><li>You are required to make an oral or a written declaration to Customs about the goods that you bring into Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>When the amount of your goods exceeds the limit of tax exemption, submit the Declaration of your accompanied and unaccompanied baggage. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial goods and commercial samples are taxable and are not subject to tax exemption indicated below </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholic beverages-3 bottles </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco- 400 cigarettes, or 100 cigars, or 500 grams of other tobacco products </li></ul>
  155. 157. Import & Export regulations in Malaysia <ul><li>Free import :  - 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 225 grams of tobacco;  - max. 1 litre of wine, spirits or malt liquor;  - max. 100 matches;  - max. 3 pieces of new wearing apparel;  - one pair of new footwear;  - one unit of each portable electrical or battery operated appliance for personal care and hygiene;   </li></ul><ul><li>Free export of reasonable quantities of tobacco products and alcoholic beverages. </li></ul>
  156. 158. Import &export regulations in Singapore <ul><li>Visitors above 18 years of age arriving from any country (except Malaysia) who have spent more than 48 hours outside Singapore are allowed duty-free concessions of the following </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 litre wine </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 litre spirit and </li></ul><ul><li>-1 litre of beer. </li></ul><ul><li>All these items must be for personal consumption only. There are no duty-free concessions on cigarettes or other </li></ul>
  157. 159. Prohibited items Prohibited items in China <ul><li>Radio transceivers and secure communication devices. </li></ul><ul><li>The national currency of China, with every traveler restricted to carrying a total of 6,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Endangered species of fauna and flora (including their specimens) as well as their seeds and reproductive materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Explosives& weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Counterfeit currency bills & fake securities. </li></ul><ul><li>Manuscripts, printed matters, films, photos, phonograph records, movies, audio tapes, video tapes, laser optic discs, computer memory media and other articles whose contents are related to State secrets of China. </li></ul>
  158. 160. Prohibited items in Japan <ul><li>Heroin, cocaine, MDMA, opium, cannabis, stimulants, psychotropic substances, and other narcotic drugs (excluding those designated by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Ordinance); </li></ul><ul><li>Firearms ,bullets and pistol parts; Explosives </li></ul><ul><li>Precursor materials for chemical weapons; </li></ul><ul><li>Germs which are likely to be used for bio-terrorism; </li></ul><ul><li>Counterfeit, altered, or imitation coins, paper money, bank notes, or securities, and forged credit cards; </li></ul><ul><li>Books, drawings, carvings, and any other article which may harm public safety or morals </li></ul><ul><li>Articles which infringe upon intellectual property rights. </li></ul>
  159. 161. Prohibited items in Malaysia <ul><li>Intoxicating liquors containing more than 3.46 milligrams per liter in any lead or in any compound of copper. </li></ul><ul><li>Daggers and flick knives. </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast receivers capable of receiving radio communication </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth bearing the imprint or duplicate of any verses of the Quran. </li></ul><ul><li>Pen, pencil, and other articles resembling syringes. </li></ul><ul><li>Poisonous chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Explosives and Fireworks </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation arms, toy gun / pistols. </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation hand grenades. </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit drugs are strictly prohibited </li></ul>
  160. 162. Prohibited items in Singapore <ul><li>Intoxicating liquors and cigarettes marked with the words &quot;SINGAPORE DUTY NOT PAID&quot; on the labels, cartons or packets </li></ul><ul><li>Cigarettes with the prefix &quot;E&quot; printed on the packets </li></ul><ul><li>Chewing gum </li></ul><ul><li>Chewing tobacco and imitation tobacco products </li></ul><ul><li>Cigarette lighters of pistol or revolver shape </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled drugs and psychotropic substances </li></ul><ul><li>Endangered species of wildlife and their by-products </li></ul><ul><li>Firecrackers </li></ul><ul><li>Obscene articles, publications, video tapes/discs and software </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction of copyright publications, video tapes, video compact discs, laser discs, records or cassettes </li></ul><ul><li>Seditious and treasonable materials </li></ul>
  161. 163. BIBLOGRAPHY <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  162. 164. CONCLUSION <ul><li>After doing “TRAVEL” in the form of an assignment I learned more the tourism and the rules and regulations while traveling from one country to other. </li></ul>
  163. 165. DECLARATION <ul><li>I hereby declare that the assignment “TRAVEL” is done according to the best of my knowledge . </li></ul>
  164. 166. THANK YOU
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