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Dept of swasthavrrta 2 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
Dept of swasthavrrta 3 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
Every challenging work needsself efforts as well as guidance of
elder especially those who were very close to our heart.
My humble effort I Dedicate to my lovely and inspiring
MOM and DAD
Whose affection , love, encouragement and praysof day and night make me
able to get such success and honour.
It’s impossible to thank you adequately for everything you have done.
Along with all hard working and respected
Dept of swasthavrrta 4 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
And aboveall, To theAlmightyGod!
S.No. NAME OF THE TEXT Sanskrit Name English Name
1. Charakasamhita च.सं. Cha.Sam.
2. Sushrutasamhita सु.सं. Su.Sam.
3. AshtangaHrudaya/ Sangraha अ.हृ. / अ.सं A.H./A.S.
4. Sharangadharasamhita शा.सं. Sha.Sam.
5. Bhavaprakashanighantu भा.प्र.नि. B.P.Ni
Dept of swasthavrrta 5 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
First of all I would like to invoke the blessings of almighty Lord
DHANVANTARI to whom I am most greatful for considering me worthy of
being student of Ayurveda.
I am very greatful to Smt.Nagaratna kuppi and Dr. Chandrashekhar Kuppi
sir.for giving an opportunity to study in this esteemed institution.
I thank Dr.Rahul Kulkani Md(ayu)beloved principal of this institution for his
encouragement in all stages.
My sincere gratitude to beloved teachers Dr. B.MaheshRaju MD (ayu),
Dr.Sankangauda MD(ayu) Dept. of Swasthvritta , for their infinite patience in
scrutinizing the material at many stages, offering valuable suggestions and
guiding me throughout.
I express my gratitude to all library staffs without whose help it would’t have
been possible to illustrate this work.
My specialthanks to my parents,sister,brothers,relatives and all my friends for
their great support and suggestions.
Dept of swasthavrrta 6 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
Introduction to Ayurveda
Defination of swasthya &swasthavritta
1. Defination of Dincharya
2. Aims and importance of dinacharaya
3. Brahma Muhurta evum Utthana
4. Ushna jalapana
7. Mukha prakshalana
8. Dantadhavana and preparation of ayurvedic tooth powder and paste
9. Jivhanirlekhana vidhi
12.Gandusha and Kavala
Dept of swasthavrrta 7 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
28.Cosmetic effect of Dincharya procedure
Dept of swasthavrrta 8 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
INTRODUCTION TO AYURVEDA
Ayurveda is a science of life or the art of living a long healthy life in a useful
manner to the society. It has been prevalent in India and its neighboring countries
sinceAyurveda is considerd by many scholars to be the oldest healing science which
is written in sanskrit.
Main aim of Ayurveda
रोगमस्तस्यमपहतमारः श्रेयसो जीवितस्य च|(cha.su.1/15)
Main aim of ayurveda is to attain pious acts (dharma)
,wealth(Artha),desire(kama) and Salvation (moksha) by health .ill
health takes away the health and happinessfrom life.
The science of ayurveda has main two principles.
स्वस्थस्यस्वास्थ्यरक्षणं ,आतुरस्यविकारप्रशमनं च |
The science of ayurveda has main two principles.i.e Preventive of disease and cure
र्मनंचतच्चयत्रोक्तर्मयुिेद : सउच्यते " ॥ (च. सु .
१ :४ १ )
Dept of swasthavrrta 9 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
Ayurveda is the real science of knowledge of Life. With four types of Ayu. i.e
Hitayu,Ahitayu,Shukha and dukha .
Definition of Health
सुष्ठु ननविाकमरत्िेनमिनतष्ठनत इनत स्िस्र् :
(च.पम . on च. सू . ५ /१ ३ )
The condition where the body is devoid of any abnormality is known as healthy ie
स्िस्र्स्य भमि : स्िमस््य ॥ (च. पम . on च.सू . ५ /१ ३ )
The of heathiness is Health ie swasthya.
सर्दोष : सर्मग्ग्नश्च सर्धमतुर्लक्रिय :।
प्रसन्नमत्र्ेग्न्ियर्नम : स्िस्र्
इत्यभभधधयते ॥ (सु . सू . १ ५ /४ १ )
Sushrutachaya describes the features of a healthy man, Doshas (vata,pitta,kapha)
Agni (digestive fire), Dhatus (waste products) and kriya are normal, Atma
(soul),Indriya (sense organ) and Manas (mind) are peaceful is said to be healthy.
Swastha (health) means all Doshas ,Agni,Dhatus,Malas are in the state of
equilibrium along with mental, sensory and spiritual pleasantness and happiness.
रोगस्तु दोषिैषम्यं दोषसमम्यर्रोगतम ।
रोगम : दु :खस्य दमतमरो ज्िरप्रभ्रतयो ते ॥ (भम .
Abnormal state of Dhatus which produces Dukha is vikara or disease. Balance or
normal state of Dhatus which produces sukha is prakruti is Health or Arogya.
Dept of swasthavrrta 10 Compiled by Trivendra
Definition of Swathavritta
स्िग्स्र्न्स्र्मने स्िग्स्र्न्कर्ाणण स्िसु रूपे स्र्ीयते तत्िृतं स्िस्र्िृतं |
The condition where all doshas, dhatus and malas ,are in their normal site, form,
performing normal functions is ‘Swasth’ , ‘Vrtta’ means Acara ,carita or bhava or
regimens to be followed to attain health.
Importance of Swasthvrtta
नगरी नगरस्येि रर्स्येि रर्ी यर्म|
स्िशरीरस्य र्ेधमिी कृत्येष्ििहहतो भिेत्||१०३||(Cha.Su.5/103)
A wise person should perform such actions which are good for his health and body
as the officer of the city and chariotere incharge of the chariots protectcity and the
सिार्न्यत् पररत्यज्य शरीरर्नुपमलयेत्|
तदभमिे हह भमिमनमं सिमाभमिः शरीररणमर््||७||(Cha.Ni.6/7)
Caraka further emphasizes on maintenance of health. One should take care of his
bodyby neglecting all other things becauseif bodyis not healthy then nothing is
Word “Swasth’ comprise of ‘sva’ meaning one’s own & ‘stha’ means staying ie
being in ones own natural state.
Dept of swasthavrrta 11 Compiled by Trivendra
Sarngadhara quotes no creature in the universe is immortal ,it is impossible to
prevent death , but it is possible to prevent disease. So one should try for that which
is preventable. (sha. Sa.)
Dincharya (Daily regimen)
Dincharya is composedoftwo words Din and charya.
Dina means a day or day time or day today.
Charya means duties,regimens ,action to be carried.
हदने हदने चया हदन चया : ।
हदनस्य िम चया हदनचया ।
प्रनतहदन चया हदन चया ।
The regimens done daily called as Dincharya.
Aim and importance of Dincharya
a. Maintenance the normal health
b. Increased life span without any diseases
a. Regimens done daily to maintenances normal health.
b. Maintenace of hygiene and keeps the bodycleans etc.
c. Desire for the intake of food ,properand easy digestion of the ingested food
Dept of swasthavrrta 12 Compiled by Trivendra
d. Prolong the life and longevity.
e. Keeps the mind calm and quiet and helps in meditation
f. Helps in increase the strength of indriyas.
g. Helps in increase the strength of body
h. Prevents all the disease
ब्राह्मे मुहुर्त :(Getting in the morning)
ब्रमह्र्े र्ुहुता उवत्तष्ठेत्स्िस्र्ो रक्षमर्ार्मयुषः| (A. H. 2/1 )
One desirous of long healthy life should get up in Brahma Muhurta .After
considering the position of digestion or indigestion. (food taken previous night )
ब्रमह्र्े र्ुहुताउवत्तष्ठेज्जीणमाजीणं ननरूपयन्|
रक्षमर्ार्मयुषः स्िस्र्ः....................||२||| (A. H. 3/1 )
The healthy person ,should wakeup from bed in the Brahma muhurta i.e. around 48
to 96 minutes before the sunrise to preserve his health, after considering the
condition of digestion of food taken in previous night whether properly done or
not.then he should offer prayer to lord Madhusudan , so that all the Papa deeds he
has indulged forgiven by the god.
आयुष्र्र्ुषभस प्रोक्तं र्लमदीनमं विसजानर् ।
तदत्त्रकू जनमध्र्मनोदर गौरिमणर् ॥ (भम . प्र .५ /७ )
Attending to natural’s call (like passing of mala,mutra etc.) in early hours is a good
habit for better health and antrakujanam ,Adhmana and Udara Gouravam (heaviness
of abdomen ) are also relived by attending to natures call in early hours of the day
immediately after awakening up from the bed at Brahma Muhurtam.
उष्ण जलपान : (Drinking luke warm water)
Dept of swasthavrrta 13 Compiled by Trivendra
सवितु : सर्ुधकमले प्रसुनत : सभललस्य वपबैदष्टौ।
रोगजरमपररर्ुक्तो जीिेद्ित्सरशतं समग्रर् ॥
अशा : शोर् ग्रहण्यो ज्िरजठरमकु ष्ठर्ेदोविकमर -
श्रोणणशूलग्क्तरोगम :॥ (भम . प्र .)
Drinking eight prasruti of (768 ml) of water at the time of early sunrise shall live for
a hundred years and more free from diseases and old age . person drinks water in
early morning can not suffer from Arsha, Sotha, Grahani , jwara jathara vikara,
Kustha ,Medoroga, Raktapitta, ear and eye diseses etc.
शरीरधचन्तमं ननिात्या कृतशौचविधधस्ततः||१|(A.H. su.2/1)
The healthy person should get up during Brahma Muhurta to protect his life. After
considering the position of digestion or indigestion food taken in previous night .The
person should next attend to eliminating the Mala and Mutra.
उदङ्र्ुखो र्ूत्रशकृद्दक्षक्षणमभभर्ुखो ननभश|
िमचं ननयम्य प्रयतः संिीतमङ्गोऽिगुग्ण्ठतः|
प्रितायेत्प्रचभलतं न तु यत्नमदुदीरयेत्|
न नमरीपूज्यगोऽके न्दुिमय्िन्नमग्ग्नजलं प्रनत|
न चमनतरस्कृत्य र्हीं भयमशक्त्योस्तु कमर्तः|
Dept of swasthavrrta 14 Compiled by Trivendra
न िेधगतोऽन्यकमयाः स्यमन्नमग्जत्िम समध्यर्मर्यर््|
ननःशल्यमदुष्टर्ृग्त्पण्डीपररर्ृष्टर्लमयनः| (A.sa.SU. 3/3-5)
One should excrete the urine and faces only after getting the urges, facing north
during daytime and south during night, silently, without diverting attention on other
things ,having covered the body and should allow to excreta to pass naturally on
their own and not by strain. One should not pass at following places-unclean
place,road ,heaps where movement of peoples is there near to city,sacrificial alter or
on hill, place meant for disposal of dead bodies ,under and above the trees .Also not
in front of woman ,respectful persons, cows,sun moon wind ,fire,and water.
प्रक्षमलयेन्र्ुखं नेत्रे स्िस्र्ः शीतोदके न िम |
नीभलकमं र्ुखशोषं च वपडकमं व्यङ्गर्ेि च ||१६||
रक्तवपत्तकृतमन् रोगमन् सद्य एि विनमशयेत् |१७|(su.chi. 5/15-17)
The face wash with sheetala jala prevents bleeding problems (Raktapitta) , subsides
the Mukhapidaka ,Mukharoga,Mukhanilika and Vyanga and while washing with
warm water pacifies Kapha and Vata Doshas, makes face oily or Snigdha by
removing the Rukshana or dryness of the face.
अका न्यग्रोधखहदरकरञ्जककु भमहदजर््|
प्रमतभुाक्त्िम च र्ृद्िग्रं कषमयकटुनतक्तकर््||२||
कनीन्यग्रसर्स्र्ौल्यं प्रगुणं द्िमदशमङ्गुलर््|
भक्षयेद्दन्तपिनं दन्तर्मंसमन्यबमधयन्||३||(A.H. Su.2/2-3)
विज्ञमतिॄक्षं क्षुण्णमग्रर्ृज्िग्रग्न्र् सुभूभर्जर््|
Dept of swasthavrrta 15 Compiled by Trivendra
कनीन्यग्रसर्स्र्ौल्यंंं सुकू च्चं द्िमदशमङ्गुलर््|
प्रमतभुाक्त्िम च यतिमग्भक्षयेद्दन्तधमिनर््|(A.S. Su. 3/12-15)
ननहग्न्त गन्धं िैरस्यं ग्जह्िमदन्तमस्यजं र्लर््||७२||
ननष्कृष्य रुधचर्मधत्ते सद्यो दन्तविशोधनर््|
करञ्जकरिीरमका र्मलतीककु भमसनमः||)७३||
शस्यन्ते दन्तपिने ये चमप्येिंविधम िुर्मः|(Cha. Su. 5/72-73)
One should clean his teeth in two times morning and night after intake of food with
twigs of Arka .Vata ,Khadira and Karanja.(A.h.su.)
Asana ,Karavira ,Sarja,Arimeda,Apmarga,Malati,Jati.(A.s.su)
Which are Kashaya ,katu and tikta in taste ;twigs should of size of tip of little finger
in thickness and twelve Angulas in lenth and straight .Its top made like a soft brush
by chewing ,the teeth should be cleaned without hurting or injuring the gums.
तद्दौगान्ध्योपदेहौ तु श्लेष्र्मणं चमपकषानत ||९||
िैशद्यर्न्नमभभरुधचं सौर्नस्यं करोनत च |(Su.Chi.24/9)
Its removes foul smell, slimness,Kapha and provides clarity, desire of food and
Contraindications for dantadhavana
Person suffering from indigestion, vomiting dysponea, cough,fever,facial paralysis
excessive thirst, mouth ulceration, diseases of the heart, eyes, head and ears, should
not makes use of the tooth brush.
Tooth powder and paste
Dept of swasthavrrta 16 Compiled by Trivendra
कषमयं र्धुरं नतक्तं कटु कं प्रमतरुग्त्र्तः|
ननम्बश्च नतक्तके श्रेष्ठः कषमये खहदरस्तर्म ||६||
र्धूको र्धुरे श्रेष्ठः करञ्जः कटु के तर्म |
क्षौिव्योषत्रत्रिगमाक्तं सतैलं सैन्धिेन च ||७||
चूणेन तेजोित्यमश्च दन्तमग्न्नत्यं विशोधयेत ्|
एकै कं घषायेद्दन्तं र्ृदुनम कू चाके न च ||८||
The selection of twigs for tooth brush should be done on the basis of season
,dosa,rasa and virya after getting up.Nimba(neem) is best among bitter ones ,Khadira
(Acacia) is the best for kashaya rasa,Madhuka is the best among sweet drugs and
Karanja is best among the pungent drugs.
ग्जह्िमननलेखनं रौप्यं सौिणं िमक्षार्ेि च |
तन्र्लमपहरं शस्तं र्ृदु श्लक्ष्णं दशमङ्गुलर् ्||१३||(Su. Chi.24/3)
ग्जह्िमर्ूलगतं यच्च र्लर्ुच््िमसरोधध च||७५||
दौगान्ध्यं भजते तेन तस्र्मग्ज्जह्िमंविननभलाखेत ्|७६|(Cha.Su. 5/74-76)
Tongue cleansing should be done of silver, gold or plants .It should be soft,smooth
and ten finger long and able to eliminate dirt and bad taste and smell from the mouth
सिेग्न्दयमणमं नयनं प्रधमनं ।
Dept of swasthavrrta 17 Compiled by Trivendra
Eye is the most important among all the sense organs .So to protectit one should
apply collyrium every day.
Time of application
सौिीरर्ञ्जनं ननत्यं हहतर्क्ष्णोःप्रयोजयेत ्|
पञ्चरमत्रेऽष्टरमत्रेिम स्रमिणमर्ेरसमञ्जनर् ्||१५||(Cha.Su.5/15)
Sauviranjana is good for eyes, so it should be used daily; by this eyes becomes
beautiful and capable of seeing minute things even. Collyrium made of (Berberis
aristata DC) is applied once in five or eight days at night time for lacrymation of
चक्षुस्तेजोर्यं तस्यविशेषमच््लेष्र्तो भयर् ्|
ततःश्लेष्र्हरं कर्ाहहतं दृष्टेःप्रसमदनर् ्||१६||
हदिम तन्न प्रयोक्तव्यं नेत्रयोस्तीक्ष्णर्ञ्जनर् ्|
विरेकदुबालम दृग्ष्टरमहदत्यं प्रमप्यसीदनत||१७||
तस्र्मत ्स्रमव्यं ननशमयमं तु ध्रुिर्ञ्जनभर्ष्यते|१८|(Cha. Su.5/16-18)
Eyes are dominant in tejo mahabhutah ,so there is fear of being afflicted with kapha
.Hence process which alleviates kapha is good for eyes ,strong collyrium should not
be used in day time ,as the eyes are weakened by drainage will be afflicted by sun.
Thus the collyrium meant for drainage should be always at night.
Method of application of Collyrium
िमर्ेनमक्षक्ष विननभुाज्य हस्तेनसुसर्महहतः |
शलमकयम दक्षक्षणेनक्षक्षपेत ्कमनीनर्ञ्जनर् ्||६४||
आपमङ्ग्यं िम यर्मयोगं कु यमाच्चमवप गतमगतर् ्|(Su. Utt. 18/64)
One should widen the eyes with left hand & apply collyrium with Salaka by using
right hand. Always it should be applied from inner canthus to the outer canthus.
Contraindications for anjana
Dept of swasthavrrta 18 Compiled by Trivendra
भुक्तिमग्ञ्िरसम स्नमतःश्रमन्तश्िदानिमहनैः |
रमत्रौ जमगररतश्चमवप नमञ्ज्यमज्िररत एि च ||२०|| (Su.Chi.24/20)
In person who have not slept during the night, tiredness, Udavarta, crying after
taking food washing the head ,anger, fear,sorrow,during fever ,headache,
indigestion, suppression of natural urges, cloudy or rainy weather etc.
Benefits of application of collyrium
यर्म हह कनकमदीनमंर्भलनमं विविधमत्र्नमर् ्||१८||
एिं नेत्रेषु र्त्यमानमर्ञ्जनमश्च्योतनमहदभभः||१९||
दृग्ष्टननारमकु लम भमनत ननर्ाले नभसीन्दुित ्|२०|(Cha.Su. 5/18-20)
The gold ornaments are cleaned by means of oil, cloths & hair brush, similarly
application of collyrium etc cleans the human eyes whih makes them shine like the
bright moon in the clear sky.
Samanya anjana lakshana:
Clear visions, lightness lacrymation ,proper function ,purity of eyes and alleviations
of disease are proper action of Anjana.
नमसम हह भशरसो द्िमरं तेनतद्व्यमप्यहग्न्त तमन्||१||(A.h.Su.20/1)
Nose Is the entry way for the head & medicine used in the form of nasal instillation,
cures the diseases of the head through this route only.
औषधर्ौषधभसद्धो िम स्नेहो नमभसकमभयमंदीयत इनत नस्यर् ्
Medicine or medicated fat is administered through nostril. This is known as Nasya.
Dept of swasthavrrta 19 Compiled by Trivendra
Type of nasya
तद्द्विविधर्वप पञ्चधम |
तद्यर्म- नस्यं, भशरोविरेचनं, प्रनतर्शो, अिपीडः, प्रधर्नं
Time for pratimarsha nasya
प्रनतर्शाश्चतुदाशसु कमलेषूपमदेयः; तद्यर्म- तल्पोग्त्र्तेन,प्रक्षमभलतदन्तेन,
भुक्तितम,िहदातितम,हदिमस्िप्नोग्त्र्तेन,समयं चेनत ||५१||(su. chi.40/51)
a) After sleep m) After day sleep
b) Teeth brushing n) in the evening
c) While going out
d) After exercise
e) After sexual act
f) After tired due to walking
g) After evacuation of bladder
h) After evacuation of bowles
i) After kavala
j) After Anjana
k) After food
l) After emesis
Benefits of pratimarsha nasya
नस्येनरोगमः शमम्यग्न्त नरमणमर्ूध्िाजत्रुजमः|
इग्न्ियमणमंच िैर्ल्यं कु यमादमस्यं सुगग्न्ध च ||५४||
हनुदन्तभशरोग्रीिमत्रत्रकबमहूरसमं बलर् ्|
िलीपभलतखमभलत्यव्यङ्गमनमं चमप्यसम्भिर् ्||५५||(su.chi.40/55)
Dept of swasthavrrta 20 Compiled by Trivendra
Practice of Nasya at proper time as said in the text previous diseases of eyes, eyes,
nose & ears.There will be no white or grey hair, no hair fall, instead they grows well
.It cures stiffness of neck, headache,facial paralysis, stiffness of jaws,rhinitis, half
sided head ache & tremors of head.Veins skull bones, joints, ligaments & tendons
are nourished by nasya & become strong. His face becomes pleasant and
nourished,voice becomes sweet, deep & loud, clearness in sense organs & strength
get enhanced. He will not be affliciated with diseases of head & neck easily, even in
old age he will be strong & will not be afflicted with diseases of head.
Pramana of pratimarsha nasya
ईषदुग्च्िङ्घतःस्नेहो यमिद्िक्त्रं प्रपद्यते|
नस्ये ननवषक्तं तं विद्यमत ्प्रनतर्शंप्रर्मणतः||५३||(Su. Chi. 40/53)
Quantity of oil put into the nose which comes into the mouth when the person sucks
the air that should be understood as ideal quantity that should be administered as
Features of proper nasya
तस्ययोगमनतयोगमयोगमनमभर्दं विज्ञमनं भिनत ||३२||
लमघिं भशरसो योगेसुखस्िप्नप्रबोधनर् ्|
विकमरोपशर्ः शुद्धधररग्न्ियमणमं र्नःसुखर् ्||३३|(Su.chi.40/32-33)
In proper use, lightness of head,easy sleeping and awakening, cures the disorders,
clarity of sense organs and cheerfulness.
features of Excessive nasya
कफप्रसेकः भशरसो गुरुतेग्न्ियविभ्रर्ः |
लक्षणं र्ूध्न्यानतग्स्नग्धे रूक्षं तत्रमिचमरयेत ्||३४||(Su.chi.40/34)
Excessive mucus secretion, heaviness of head, dysfunction of sense organs are the
sign of excessive uses of Nasya.
Features of Insufficient nasya
अयोगेिमतिैगुण्यभर्ग्न्ियमणमं च रूक्षतम |
रोगमशमग्न्तश्च तत्रेष्टं भूयोनस्यं प्रयोजयेत ्||३५|||(Su.chi.40/35)
Dept of swasthavrrta 21 Compiled by Trivendra
In deficient use,Vata is vitiated, roughness appears in organs and disorderis not
alleviated.In such case, appropriate Nasya should be used again.
Gandusha and kavala
असञ्चमयमा तु यम र्मत्रम गण्डूषः स प्रकीनतातः ||६२||(Su.chi.40/62)
Mouth is completely filled with Gandusha Dravya and kept without movement is
Types A/c to Vagbhatta
तत्र ििेण गण्डुष॥ (शम. उ.)
Liquids are used in Gandusha (Gargling)
गण्डुष धमरणे ननत्य तैलं र्मंसरसोअर्िम ॥(अ.ह्र.सू. २२/१)
Every day Gandusha is idealy done with oil or meat soup.
Dravya use for Gandusha
कषमयोष्णोदकमभयमं चकिलम दोषतो हहतमः||६४||(Su.chi.40/64)
Gargles consisting of sneha, milk, honey, meat juice, Urine, sour, gruel and also
decoctionand hot water are whole same according to Dosha.
सुखं सञ्चमयाते यम तु र्मत्रम स (सम) किलः स्र्ृतः ||(Su.chi.40/62)
The Dravya used moves easily in mouth called as Kavala.
Dept of swasthavrrta 22 Compiled by Trivendra
कल्के न किल स्म्रत: (शम.उ. )
A/c to sharangadhara medicated pastes are used for the purposeof kavala.
तमिच्च धमरनयतव्योऽनन्यर्नसोन्नतदेहेन यमिद्दोषपररपूणाकपोलत्िं
नमसमस्रोतोनयनपररप्लमिश्चभिनत तदम विर्ोक्तव्यः,पुनश्चमन्यो ग्रहीतव्य
इनत ||६३||( Su.chi.40/63)
Gandusha: It should be done with concentration, sitting erect, liquid should be kept
in full mouth till Dosha gets filled in mouth or before discharge from nasal passes
and eyes; after that, the liquid should be spit out and another quantity of liquid taken
Kavala: Method of practicing is same as Gandusha and only difference is that
amount is less in kavala amd movement done in Kavala.
Benefits of Gandusha
हन्िोबालं स्िरबलं िदनोपचयः परः|
स्यमत ्परं च रसज्ञमनर्न्ने च रुधचरुत्तर्म||७८||
न चमस्य कण्ठशोषः स्यमन्नौष्ठयोः स्फु टनमद्भयर् ्|
न च दन्तमःक्षयं यमग्न्त दृढर्ूलमभिग्न्त च||७९||
न शूल्यन्ते न चमम्लेन हृष्यन्तेभक्षयग्न्त च|
परमनवप खरमन्भक्ष्यमंस्तैलगण्डूषधमरणमत ्||८०||(Cha.Su.5/78-80)
Practicing of Gandusha enhances strength of mandible, resonance of voice,
nourishment of face, taste sensation & gives good taste. It prevents dryness of throat,
cracking of lips, decay of teeth & makes the teeth strong. Persondoes not experience
pain, tingling sensation after eating sour food or hard food.
Samyaka lakshana for Gandusha
व्यमधेरपचयस्तुग्ष्टिैशद्यं िक्त्रलमघिर् ्|
इग्न्ियमणमंप्रसमदश्च किले शुद्धधलक्षणर् ्||६५||(Su.Chi.40/65)
Dept of swasthavrrta 23 Compiled by Trivendra
Cures the disorder, proper nourishment, clarity of mouth and lightness in the sense
organs, this is the features of proper evacuation of Gandusha.
Gandusha Ayoga lakshana
हीने जमड्यकफोत्क्लेशमिरसज्ञमनर्ेिच |||(Su.Chi.40/66)
Improper gargling leads to one suffer from stiffness, excitation of kapha
and loss of taste sensation.
Gandusha Atiyoga lakshana
Excessive use of gargle causes stomatitis, dryness, thirst, anorexia and
After anjana the personshould make use of Navana, Gandusha, Dhuma and
रुधचिैशद्यसौगन्ध्यभर्च्िन्िक्त्रेण धमरयेत ्|
जमतीलिङ्गकपूारकङ्कोलकटु कै ः सह|
तमम्बूलीनमंक्रकसलयं हृद्यं पूगफलमग्न्ितर् ्|
रक्तवपत्तक्षतक्षीणरूक्षोत्कु वपतचक्षुषमर् ्|
विषर्ूच्िमार्दमत्तमानमर्प्यं शोवषणमं च तत ्|
प्यं सुप्तोग्त्र्तेभुक्ते स्नमतेिमन्ते च र्मनिे|
द्विपत्रर्ेकं पूगं च सचूणाखहदरं च तत ्||२०(A.sa. Su.3/18-20)
Person who desire good taste, cleanliness and pleasant smell of mouth, keep in
mouth the tender leaves of Tambula (Betal leaves) along with jati, lavanga,
karpura,kankola and katuka mixed with are c not. It is very good for heart.
Contraindincation for Tambula sevana
Dept of swasthavrrta 24 Compiled by Trivendra
तमम्बूलंक्षतवपत्तमस्ररूक्षोत्कु वपतचक्षुषमर् ्|
It is contraindication for person who os suffering from the disease Raktapitta,
wound, dryness and redness of eyes, poisoning effect, unconsciousness, intoxication
and even from consumption.
Part of vitiated kapha situated in the head is eliminated very fast by smoking. So
after application of collyrium smoking is prescribed.
धूमाभ्यवहारमोक्ााः (cha.pa./cha. su./5/35)
Drinking of smoke is Dhumapana or smoking.
प्रमयोधगकं ततोधूर्ं गन्धर्मल्यमहद चमचरेत ्|
One should undertake use of Dhumapana and application of Gandhyamalya (garland
of flower) etc.Dhumapana cures the disease of existing above the clavicle and
diseases due to Vata and kapha do not cures by taking Dhumapana regularly.
Types – 5 types
र्ुखेन तं वपबेत ्पूिंनमभसकमभयमंततःवपबेत ्|
र्ुखपीतं र्ुखेनैि िर्ेत्पीतं च नमसयम ||७||
र्ुखेन धूर्र्मदमयनमभसकमभयमंनननहारेत ्|
Dept of swasthavrrta 25 Compiled by Trivendra
विशेषतस्तु प्रमयोधगकं घ्रमणेनमददीत,स्नैहहकं र्ुखनमसमभयमं,नमभसकयम
िैरेचननकं , र्ुखेनैिेतरौ||९||(su.chi.40/7-9)
First, smoke should be inhaled from mouth and next through the nostril, that inhaled
through mouth should be let out by mouth itself and so also that smoke inhaled by
nose the smoke inhaled by mouth should be let out through the nose by doing so,
smoke travelling in opposite direction destroyes vision.
Time for Dhumapana
नमिनमञ्जनननिमन्तेचमत्र्िमन्धूर्पो भिेत ्|(cha.Su./33-35)
Eight times are prescribed for smoking as a daily routine because in these times the
aggravation of Vata and kapha Dosha. A cautions person should smoke after
bath,meals, vomiting, tooth brushing, snuffing, use of collyrium and sleep.
Thus diseases of part above jatru and predominant in vata and kapha do not arise.
Smoking should be done thrice with three puffs each times.
Benefits of Dhumapana
गौरिं भशरसःशूलं पीनसमधमािभेदकौ||२७||
कणमाक्षक्षशूलंकमसश्च हहक्कमश्िमसौ गलग्रहः|
हनुर्न्यमग्रहः कण्डूः क्रिर्यःपमण्डुतमर्ुखे||२९||
खमभलत्यं वपञ्जरत्िं च के शमनमंपतनं तर्म||३०||
क्षिर्ुश्चमनततन्िम च बुद्धेर्ोहोऽनतननितम|
धूर्पमनमत ्प्रशमम्यग्न्त बलं भिनत चमधधकर् ्||३१||
Dept of swasthavrrta 26 Compiled by Trivendra
Dhumapana cures the heaviness and pain in head, chronic rhinitis, headache, eye and
ear pain, cough, hiccup, dyspnoea, spasm in throat weakness of teeth, discharge due
to disorder of ear,nose, eyes, bed smell from nose and mouth, toothache, anorexia,
spasm in jaw and back neck, inching, worms, palness, excessive salivation, disorder
pf voice, tonsillititis, lack of function of intellect, excessive sleep etc. By this,
strength of hairs, skull, sense organs and voice increases.
Complications of improper smoking
बमधधयार्मन्ध्यर्ूकत्िं रक्तवपत्तंभशरोभ्रर्र् ्||३८||
अकमले चमनतपीतश्चधूर्ः कु यमादुपििमन्|(Cha.su5/38)
Smoking in excess or at improper time, produces compication like deafness,
blindness, dumbness, bleeding from different parts of body (Rakta pitta) giddiness.
Contraindication for dhumapana
Persons afflicted with grief, fatigue, fear, jealously, increases heat or poison, those
suffering from bleeding disease, intoxication, fainting, burning sensation, profound
thirst, anemia, dryness of throat, vomiting, injury to the head, belching,
malnutrition,blindness,diabetes, abdominal enlargement and reverse upward
peristalsis, children, old persons, debilitated those who had purgation and decoction
enema, who were awake (loss of sleep), pregnant woman, those who are dry
,emaciated, injured in chest, who have consumed honey, ghee, curd, milk, fish, wine
and thick gruel and who have mild increased of Kapha should not intake smoke.
Dept of swasthavrrta 27 Compiled by Trivendra
Features of proper dhumapana
यदमचोरश्च कण्ठश्च भशरश्च लघुतमंव्रजेत ्||५२||
कफश्च तनुतमंप्रमप्तःसुपीतं धूर्र्महदशेत ्|(Cha.su.5/52)
Lightness of chest, throat, head & liquefaction of kapha are the features of proper
Features of improper dhumapana
अविशुद्धः स्िरो यस्य कण्ठश्च सकफो भिेत ्||५३||
ग्स्तभर्तो र्स्तकश्चैिर्पीतं धूर्र्महदशेत ्||(Cha.su.5/53)
Features of insufficient smoking are absence of clarity of voice, presence of kapha in
throat and heaviness of the head.
Features of excessive smoking
तमलुर्ूधमाच कण्ठश्च शुष्यतेपररतप्यते||५४||
तृष्यतेर्ुह्यतेजन्तू रक्तं च स्रितेऽधधकर् ्|
भशरश्च भ्रर्तेऽत्यर्ंर्ूच्िमा चमस्योपजमयते||५५||
Excessive smoking produces dryness of palate, head & throat, excess thirst,
unconsciousness, bleeding disorders, excessive discharge, giddiness, fainting, & loss
of proper functioning of sense organs.
स्पशानेऽभयधधको िमयुःस्पशानं च त्िगमधश्रतर् ्|
त्िच्यश्च परर्भयङ्गस्तस्र्मत्तं शीलयेन्नरः||८७||(Cha.su.5/87)
Vayu resides in skin & is abodeof touch sense. Abhyanga is good for skin & one
should do it every day.
Procedure of massage:
Dept of swasthavrrta 28 Compiled by Trivendra
One should massage the bodywith luke oil, according to the season on the direction
of the the bodyhair. Oil can be used according to the seasons, dosa& condition. It is
performed in seven positions in order.
1. Sitting position
2. Supine position
3. Left lateral position
4. Prone position
5. Right lateral position
6. Supine position
7. Sitting with legs extended to the front.
Benefits of massage
दृग्ष्टप्रसमदपुष््यमयुःस्िप्नसुत्िक्त्िदमर्ढायकृ त ्||८||
भशरःश्रिणपमदेषु तंविशेषेण शीलयेत ्|(A.h.su.2/8)
अभयङ्गो र्मदािकरःकफिमतननरोधनः |
Daily practice of Abhyanga delayes ageing, cures tiredness & Vata disorders,
improves vision, complication, nourishment, life, sleep, good lusturous skin &
strength. The should be done specially to head, ears & feet.
Contraindications for massage:
Persons suffering from kapha disorder, after shodhana therapy and indigestion are
unfits for Abhyanga.
के िलं समर्दोषेषुनकर्ञ्चन योजयेत ्|
तर्मविररक्तो िमन्तश्च ननरूढो यश्च र्मनिः|
Dept of swasthavrrta 29 Compiled by Trivendra
पूिायोःकृ च्रतमव्यमधेरसमध्यत्िर्र्मवप िम||३६||
सन्तपाणसर्ुत्र्मनमंरोगमणमंनैिकमरयेत ्||३७||(Su. Chi.24/35-37)
Abhyanga is contra-indicated in samavastha of doshas, beginning condition of fever,
indigestion, after purgation (virechana), emesis (vamana), enema (Niruha basti) &
diseases caused by over nourishment (Santarpana).
ननत्यं स्नेहमिाभशरसःभशरःशूलं नजमयते|
नखमभलत्यं नपमभलत्यं नके शमः प्रपतग्न्त च||८१||
दृढर्ूलमश्चदीघमाश्चकृ ष्णमःके शमभिग्न्त च||८२||
इग्न्ियमणण प्रसीदग्न्तसुत्िग्भिनत चमननर् ्]
ननिमलमभःसुखं च स्यमन्र्ूग्ध्नातैलननषेिणमत ्||८३||(Cha.su.5/81-83)
Daily practice of head massage prevent balding, graying, hairfall, gives strength to
skull, strengthens hair root, makes the hair black & long. It also nourishes the sense
gets good sleep after head massage.
नोच्चैःश्रुनतना बमधधयंस्यमग्न्नत्यं कणातपाणमत ्||८४||(Cha.su.5/84)
Daily practices of Karna Purana is prevents the disorder and pain of ear due to vata
Doshas, stiffness of back and jaws, hard hearing, deafness do no occurs.
खरत्िं स्तब्धतम रौक्ष्यं श्रर्ः सुग्प्तश्चपमदयोः|
सद्यएिोपशमम्यग्न्त पमदमभयङ्गननषेिणमत ्||९०||
Dept of swasthavrrta 30 Compiled by Trivendra
जमयतेसौकु र्मयंच बलंस्र्ैयं च पमदयोः|
नच स्यमद्गृध्रसीिमतःपमदयोःस्फु टनं नच|
Daily practice of Padabhyanga help to remove dryness, stiffness, roughness,
tiredness and numbness instantly. It also makes the skin smooth, provides strength
and stability to feet, improves the sleep and vision, and pacifies Vata. It also
prevents diseases like grudhrasi, cracking of foot and stiffness of ligaments and
tendons of foot.
300 Matras (94 seconds)- Romant (up to hair root )
400 Matras(133seconds)-Twacha(upto skin)
500 Matras(160 seconds)-Rakta(upto blood)
600 Matras(190 seconds)-Mamsa(upto flesh)
700 Matras(228seconds)-Medas(upto fat)
800 Matras(240 seconds)-Asthi(upto bones)
900 Matras(285 seconds)-Majja(upto marrow)
Massage done after oil massage is Udavartana. Hard massage done without doing oil
massage is Udgharsana.
Udavartana is massage with different powders of herbs, having astringent taste.
उद्ितानंकफहरं र्ेदसःप्रविलमयनर् ्|
ग्स्र्रीकरणर्ङ्गमनमंत्िक्प्रसमदकरं परर् ्||१५||(A.h.su.2/15)
Dept of swasthavrrta 31 Compiled by Trivendra
उद्ितानंिमतहरं कफर्ेदोविलमपनर् ्||५१||
ग्स्र्रीकरणर्ङ्गमनमंत्िक्प्रसमदकरं परर् ्|५२|(Su.chi/51-52)
Udavartana is a process which helps to decrease kapha and fat, makes the body
strong & gives excellent,clear and good complexion to the skin.
Utsadana (powder massage)
उद्धर्तणम् अस्नेहौर्धिूणातदिभिर्तर्तणम्, अन्ये र्ु फे नके ष्टकादिर्र्तणम्|
Massage with powder of herbs along with oil is udagharsana.
Massage with the paste of herbs along with oil is Utsadana.
भसरमर्ुखविविक्तत्िंत्िक्स्र्स्यमग्नेश्च तेजनर् ्||५२||
उत्समदनमद्भिेत ्स्त्रीणमंविशेषमत ्कमग्न्तर्द्िपुः||५३||
उद्धषाणं तु विज्ञेयं कण्डूकोठमननलमपहर् ्||५४||
ऊिोःसञ्जनयत्यमशुफे नकः स्र्ैयालमघिे|
तेजनं त्िग्गतस्यमग्नेःभसरमर्ुखवििेचनर् ्|
उद्धषाणं ग्त्िग्ष्टकयमकण्डूकोठविनमशनर् ्||५६||( Su.chi,24/52-56)
Udagharsana cures itching,rashes, vata diseases, enhances strength of thighs and
provides lightness. It dilates the blood vessels, enhances bhrajaka pitta, cires itching
Dept of swasthavrrta 32 Compiled by Trivendra
शरीरमयमसजननं कर्ाव्यमयमर्सग्ञ्ज्ञतर् ्|(su.chi.24/38)
The action which produces tiredness in the bodyis Vyayama.
शरीरचेष्टम यमचेष्टम स्र्ैयमार्मा बलिधधानी|
The physical action, which enhancing then strength of the body, increases the
digestive fire, Dosha kshaya, when performed in the required times is called
Features of proper exercise
हृदयमद्युपरोधश्चइनत व्यमयमर्लक्षणर् ्||34||(cha.su.7/34)
Sweating, increased respiration rate, lightness in the bodyand increased heart rates
are the features of properexercise.
Features of excessive exercise
श्रर्ः क्लर्ःक्षयस्तृष्णमरक्तवपत्तं प्रतमर्कः|
Excessive exercise leads, thirst, emaciation, difficulty to breath, Raktapitta,
tiredness, cough, fever and vomiting.
Lightness of the body, ability to work. Stability, increased endurance power,
alleviation of dosa (kapha), increased Agni are the benefits of exercise.
Dept of swasthavrrta 33 Compiled by Trivendra
Indications for vyayama
शीतकमलेिसन्तेच, र्न्दर्ेि ततोऽन्यदम|
तं कृ त्िमऽनुसुखंदेहं र्दायेच्च सर्न्ततः||१२||(A.h.2/12)
Excluding cold season & vasanta rtu, one has to do mild exercise & to prevent body
pain massage should be done accordingly.
Contraindication for vyayama
िमतवपत्तमर्यीबमलोिृद्धोऽजीणोचतं त्यजेत ्|
Person suffering from disease of vata and pitta, kasa, Shwasa, krusha, Kshaya,
Raktapitta, Injured, Shosha, children, old age, those having indigestion, after food
and after maithuna karma should avoid Vyayama.
Chankramana(Mild exercise or Mild Walking)
यत्तुचङ्िर्णं नमनतदेहपीडमकरं भिेत ्|
Moderate walking does not cause much trouble to the body, enhances life span,
intelligences, digestive power, stimulated the sense organs.
पवित्रं िृष्यर्मयुष्यं श्रर्स्िेदर्लमपहर् ्|
शरीरबलसन्धमनं स्नमनर्ोजस्करंपरर् ्||९४||(ch.su.5/94)
Taking bath is auspicious, enhances virility, longevity, strength, compactness &
ojas, at the same time cures tiredness, sweat & impurities of the body.
Dept of swasthavrrta 34 Compiled by Trivendra
दीपनं िृष्यर्मयुष्यंस्नमनर्ूजमाबलप्रदर् ्|
कण्डूर्लश्रर्स्िेदतन्िमतृड्दमहपमप्र्ग्जत ्||१६||(A.h.su 2/16)
दौगान्ध्यं गौरिं तन्िमंकण्डूं र्लर्रोचकर् ्|
स्िेदबीभत्सतमंहग्न्त शरीरपररर्मजानर् ्||९३||(Ch.su.5/93)
ननिमदमहश्रर्हरं स्िेदकण्डूतृषमपहर् ्|
हृद्यं र्लहरं श्रेष्ठं सिेग्न्ियविबोधनर् ्
Bath takes away sleep, burning sensation, tiredness, sweat, itching, thirst, &
impurities. It is good for heart & purifying all organs, cures drowsiness, gives
satisfaction, enhances virility, agni &clears the blood.
Effectof coldand hot waterbaths
तेनैितूत्तर्मङ्गस्यबलहृत्के शचक्षुषमर् ्||१७||(A. h. su.2/17)
Cold water bath cures the bleeding disorder; hot water bath excluding head enhances
strength and destroys Vataa and Kapha.
Hot water on ‘Adhokaya’ below the neck improves body strength and hot water bath
on head leads to loss of strength, hair and sight gradually.
Contraindication for Snana
आध्र्मनपीनसमजीणाभुक्तित्सुच गहहातर् ्||१८||(A.H.su.2/18)
आध्र्मनमरोचकमजीणाभुक्तित्सुच गहहातर् ्||६२||(Su.chi.24/62)
Bath is contraindicated for those suffering from Ardita, diseases of eyes, mouth,
ears, Atisara, Adhamana, Jwara, Pinasa, Ajeerna and immediately after food.
Dept of swasthavrrta 35 Compiled by Trivendra
सौभमग्यदं िणाकरं प्रीत्योजोबलिधानर् ्|
स्नमनं येषमंननवषद्धंतु तेषमर्प्यनुलेपनर् ्|६४|(Su.chi.24/64)
Applying cosmetic power, paste, oil etc. Which are fragrant on the body is
auspicious, affection, Ojs, strength, removes sweat and bad odour, discoloration
tiredness. Applying powder is also contraindication to those bath is contraindication.
र्ुखमलेपमद्दृढं चक्षुः पीनगण्डं तर्मऽऽननर् ्||६५||
अव्यङ्गवपडकं कमन्तं भित्यम्बुजसग्न्नभर् ्|६६|( Su.chi.24/66)
Apply cosmetic powder on face gives strength to face, eye, fullness and prominence
to checks, make face free of color patches and eruption and increase kanti of face
like lotus flower.
रक्षोघ्नर्र् चौजस्यं सौभमग्यकरर्ुत्तर्र् ्||६४||
सुर्नोम्बररत्नमनमंधमरणं प्रीनतिधानर् ्|६५|(Su.chi.24/65)
In cold season one should wear ‘Kausheya’ i.e. warm clothes, which are
multicolored and red colored dresses, as there pacify Vata and Kapha Doshas.
Wearing dress and ornaments which like by the person, dispels, evil, enhances
vitality, best to bestow auspiciousness and increases affection (love).
Role of clean dress in life:
कमम्यं यशस्यर्मयुष्यर्लक्ष्र्ीघ्नं प्रहषाणर् ्|
श्रीर्त्पमररषदं शस्तंननर्ालमम्बरधमरणर् ्||९५||(Cha.su5/95)
Wearing clean cloths enhances bodily charm, reputation, longevity and prevents
inauspiciousness. It bring about pleasure, grace competence to participate in
conferences and good look.
Dept of swasthavrrta 36 Compiled by Trivendra
श्रर्स्खलनदोषघ्नं स्र्विरे च प्रशस्यते|
अिष्टम्भकरं चमवप भयघ्नं दण्डधमरणर् ्|७८|(Su.chi.24/76-78)
स्खलतःसम्प्रनतष्ठमनंशत्रूणमंच ननषूदनर् ्|
अिष्टम्भनर्मयुष्यंभयघ्नं दण्डधमरणर् ्||१०२||(Cha.su.5/102)
Holding stick removes fear of dog, reptile, ferocious beasts and horned animals.
Alleviated fatigues, slipping and other defects and is particularly useful for old
persons. It promotes the quality of Satva, enthusiasm, strength, steadiness, patience
and power provides, removes fear.
चक्षुष्यं स्पशानहहतं पमदयोव्यासनमपहर् ्|
बल्यं परमिर्सुखं िृष्यं पमदत्रधमरणर् ्||१००||(cha.su.5/100)
पमदरोगहरं िृष्यं रक्षोघ्नं प्रीनतिधानर् ्||७१||
सुखप्रचमरर्ोजस्यं सदमपमदत्रधमरणर् ्|
अनमरोग्यर्नमयुष्यं चक्षुषोरुपघमतकृ त ्||७२||
पमदमभयमर्नुपमनद्भयमंसदमचङ्िर्णं नृणमर् ्|(Su.chi.24/71-72)
Wearing foot wear is good for eyes, skin & destroys disease of foot. It enhances
strength, courage & virility.
िण्यं चक्षुष्यर्ौजस्यं शङ्करं ित्रधमरणर् ्|७६|(Su.chi.24/75-76)
ईतेः प्रशर्नं बल्यं गुप्त्यमिरणशङ्करर् ्|
Dept of swasthavrrta 37 Compiled by Trivendra
Use of umbrella averts the attacks of diseases etc. It gives strength and protect one
from evil spirits, it covers and brings about happiness, and it guards against the sun,
wind, dust and rain.
पवित्रं के श्यर्ुष्णीषंिमतमतपरजोपहर् ्|७५|(Su.chi.24/75)
Wearing Ushanisha (head wear) is auspicious complexion, is good for hairs,
prevents dust, wind and kapha that which is light is ideal where as heavy are gives
diseases of pitta origin and of the eyes.
धन्यं र्ङ्गल्यर्मयुष्यं श्रीर्द्व्यसनसूदनर् ्|
हषाणं कमम्यर्ोजस्यं रत्नमभरणधमरणर् ्||९७||(Cha.su.5/97)
Wearing of germs and ornaments add to the prosperity, auspiciousness, longevity,
grace, Pushtikara, Dushta Swapna Nasika, prevents from snakes, evil spirits,etc.It is
pleasant and charming it is also conductive to Ojus.
Cosmetic effect of Dincharya procedures:
The word Cosmetics is defined as” the Substances of diverse origin, scientifically
compounded and used to cleanse, allay skin troubles, cover up imperfections and to
beautify”. Ayurveda emphasizes on both external and internal beauty and external
beauty is complimented by internal beauty. It is said that Kaanti, Chaaya, Varna
,Prabha of an individual is determined at the time of “Shukra- Shonitha Samyoga”
itself. The factors contributing to these are Matruja, Pitruja, Rasaja and Sathmyaja
Bhavas and also Mahabhuta predominance. These factors determine the Prakrithi,
Sara, Samhanana, Pramana and Twak of the individuals. Following are the
suggestions of Ayurveda towards beauty and health. For Physical beauty,
Dinacharya. For Internal beauty, Achara Rasayana, Sadvritta and control over
Dharaneeya Vegas. Dinacharya includes Mugha Sodhana, Abhyanga, Udvarthana,
Anjana, Keshaprasadhana, Vyayama, Nasya. Diet also plays an important role.
Charakacharya explains that by Rasayana, a person with dark complexion can have
fair complexion. He also explains about various Yogas and single drugs in Rasayana
which has cosmetic effect. By Sadvritta, by Samyak Yoga of Indriya and performing
of different actions after proper thoughtful analysis of his intelligence has all role in
maintaining internal beauty. By control of Dharaneeya Vega proper care of Physical
Dept of swasthavrrta 38 Compiled by Trivendra
beauty is possible because any of the mental disturbances can have negative impact
over the skin which further hampers the physical beauty.
Role of dincharya:
Hygiene is as important as cosmetic application. Beauty is not achieved in one day,
but it should be enhanced or maintained by following the daily regimens mentioned
in our Classics. Various Charyas which need to be followed in our day to day life
which are very much essential for maintaining good health are mentioned in
Dinacharya( daily regimen) which are as follows.
Mukhasodhana- Danthadhavana (brushing), Jihwanirlekhana (cleaning of tongue),
Mukhaprakshalana comes under this which helps in removal of foul smell, Prevents
lips from cracking, Tenderness of face. Chewing sugar free substances stimulates the
production of saliva and helps to clean the surface of the teeth. Smile is the person’s
ability to express the range of emotions with the structure and movement of the teeth
and lips. It can often determine how well a person can function in the society .So to
keep oneself confident, proper care of teeth and lips is important.
Abhyanga-Massage- Skin is the largest organ in the human body. It is the barrier
which separates individuals from the external environment. Oil gets absorbed by
pores of the skin and spreads to the whole body. Tissue elements of the body get
nourishment by this as the twigs and leaves of a plant grow by spraying water on its
roots. The effect of Abhyanga is many.
Abhyanga has effect on circulatory system. It increases the blood flow, encourages
the lymphatic drainage either shutting of toxins out so that more nutrients can travel
or it adds vitality to a dull complexion. It promotes nutrition to the cells; it helps in
the increased production of sweat thereby helping in the excretion of waste products
through the skin. Abhyanga includes- Sareera
Abhyanga (Body Massage), Pada Abhyanga and Siro Abhyanga (Head Massage).
It is best in graying and falling of hair, helps in growing of deep rooted long hair.
Pada Abhyanga induces good
sleep; it is best in cracking of foot. Studies have shown that this can be practiced by
individuals regularly since it is less time consuming and cost effective. This
procedure is not restricted to Sisira Ritu , it can be practiced in all seasons as a
preventive procedure to prevent the foot related problems and to get the other
beneficial effect from Pada Abhyanga Udvarthana- Smooth rubbing improves the
blood circulation which gives fairness and tenderness to the skin. When applied over
the face it makes the cheeks and face fleshy/corpulent, delicate like a lotus by
Dept of swasthavrrta 39 Compiled by Trivendra
removing the dark spots and pimples. It imparts Kaanthi, relieves itching, it is
indicated in skin diseases like Vyanga
Anjanam- Ancient scriptures like Abhijnana Shakunthalam and Meghadootam of
Kalidasa and many mythological epics encompass the reference of cosmetics like
Kajal, which itself show the importance of Anjanam regarding the application of
Anjanam in our classics.
Application of Rasanjana (a sort of collyrium prepared of Berberis aristata) once in
every 5 to 8 nights helps in lacrimation of eyes, which helps in of all the
Mahabhutas, Tejas dominates in eyes so they are specially susceptible to
Kapha.Therefore Anjana which alleviates Kapha is good for keeping eyes clear. By
the use of Collyrium, the eyes become bright like the moon in the clear sky.
Susruthacharya explains about the importance of Netra Prakshalana with Lodhra
kashaya (Symplocos racemosa) or with Amalaka (Emblica officianalis) Swarasa or
with cold water. He states that it is beneficial in removing the dryness of
face,diseases of Raktha and Pitta.
Kesaprasadhanam - Hair is a vital parameter of external beauty. One commonly
overlooked facet of society is the length, colour and texture of the hair on one’s
head. Everybody is concerned with its appearance and disorders. It is said to be a
byproduct of bone metabolism. Amino acids have an important role for maintaining
healthy hair. Glutamine is the most commonly occurring amino acid, which is
produced naturally by the body, but the production of it decreases with age.
Glutamine is build from Glutamic acid. This builds the hair by delivering Sulphur
which is necessary for hair growth. Methionine contains Sulphur which can
considerably strengthen the hair structure and nails. It can also help against hair loss.
Vaso dialatory effect of Arginine promotes hair growth as the Nitrogen oxide
generated from Arginine opens the Potassium channels of cells. The blood supply to
hair root is then improved which in turn stimulates hair growth .Zinc is involved in
the building of Keratin, which is one of the main component of hair. Zinc facilitates
the necessary cell division which makes the growth of hair possible. Hair loss is one
of the signs of Zinc deficiency, which can be , improved through Zinc
supplementation36. Iron deficiency leads to damage of hair structure which can
cause hair loss.
Vyayamam (Exercise)- In Chanakyaneethisastram, it is said that “Wealth should be
enjoyed economically, climbing a mountain is to be practiced slowly, Learning and
Practice of religion ought to be acquired deliberately and Exercise should be
practiced smoothly. Similar to Abhyanga, Vyayama also has effect on almost all
systems of the body. By this the force and rate of heart beat enhances, enhances the
circulation of blood. It increases the perspiration, thereby the wastes are excreted.
Dept of swasthavrrta 40 Compiled by Trivendra
Mind also gets refreshed. Vyayama helps in the reduction of body fat and it also
helps in making the body firm.
Nasyam (Nasal Inhalation)- Nasya indicated as daily regimen is the Prathimarsha
Nasya which is devoid of any complications and can be administered at any time. It
has effect on mental disorders also. Has effect on both skin and hairs.
Bhojanam (Diet) -To keep oneself fit and healthy diet also play an important role. …
Mind and Skin
More than just a cosmetic disfigurement, dermatological disorders are associated
with a variety of psychopathologic problems that can affect the patient, his/ her
family and society together. A growing field of integrative medicine called “Psycho
dermatology”, addresses the interaction between Mind- and Skin .It is a relatively
new discipline in psychosomatic medicine. Psychiatry is more focused on the
“Internal non visible disease” and Dermatology on the “External visible disease”
The two disciplines are interconnected at the embryonic level through the ectoderm.
The Brain and the skin have many interconnections – the skin has a vast neurologic
and vascular network. Therefore “chemicals made in the Brain in response to stress
travel to the Brain”. Whatever the emotional trigger- Work pressure, relationship,
depression and even stress can even cause these trouble making chemicals, called
neuro peptides to flood your skin. They can cause inflammation, widen blood
vessels; generate excess moisture all of which can exacerbate skin problems. Mind
body relaxation like Yoga, Meditation etc. reduces the flow of neuropeptides leading
to less reactive skin. As the skin is an organ that has a primary function in tactile
receptivity and reacts directly upon emotional stimuli, dermatological practice
involves a psychosomatic dimension.
Dept of swasthavrrta 41 Compiled by Trivendra
Name of the book Author name Publication Page
01 Swasthavrtta Dr. Manglagowri
02 Swasthavrtta Dr. Bargale
Publication New delhi
1. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri
Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/1;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba
2. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji
Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/9 Edition 2012;
Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi
3. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav
Sharma Sutrasthan 5/24; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana
4. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji
Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 40/210 Edition 2012;
Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi
5. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri
Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 20/1;Edition 2011