Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
EUTHANASIA
A POWER POINT PRESENTAION BY    DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC
  DR. SANGEETA CHOWDHRYY &     MEDICINE & TOXICOLGY, GMC...
EUTHANASIA

 The      term      Euthanasia
originated from the Greek
word for "good death." It
is defined as intentional
k...
EUTHANASIA-TYPES

                             Passive Euthanasia: To end a person life by
                              n...
EUTHANASIA-TYPES

Voluntary Euthanasia -       Physician-Assisted Suicide -
When a competent person       Suicide accompli...
EUTHANASIA

The question of euthanasia
 arises on three occasions
 i.e. (1) at the beginning of
 life—at birth
(2) at the ...
OBJECTIVES OF LIFE
The main purpose of life is
to be happy, to make
others happy if possible, to
grow old gracefully and d...
AT BIRTH

The problem arise in the case of a
physically or mentally handicap
infant. Since the infant is not able to
make ...
TERMINAL STAGE
The conscious dying patient
 can make his own decision.
 The refusal to consent to any
 treatment whatsoeve...
UNFORESEEN MISHAP
If a person is severely impaired as a result of
brain damage; it is now possible to sustain
life, but in...
REASONS OF EUTHANASIA

Unbearable Pain:        It is
a major argument in favour
of euthanasia. In terminal
cases    of   c...
REASONS OF EUTHANASIA

Right to Commit
Suicide: Most workers
who support the doctrine
of euthanasia believe that
every per...
REASONS OF EUTHANASIA

 Should a Person be
forced to Stay Alive?
An argument forwarded that
whether     vegetative    life...
REASONS AGAINST EUTHANASIA

The following reasons are
cited against euthanasia’s:
Definition of “Terminally
Ill” is Not Co...
REASONS AGAINST EUTHANASIA

Misuse by Hospitals to
Reduce Healthcare Cost:
Some hospitals may have
patients, on whom they
...
REASONS AGAINST EUTHANASIA



Importance and Value of
Life would be reduced in
the Eyes of People.
EUTHANASIA AND ASSISTED
            SUICIDE
Nowadays, concept of assisted suicide
has also developed. The difference
betwe...
MEDICO-LEGAL SIGNIFICANCE


 Euthanasia in any form is not allowed in
 India. It is a punishable offence under      PUNISH...
You’ve finished this document.
Download and read it offline.
Upcoming SlideShare
Euthanasia
Next
Upcoming SlideShare
Euthanasia
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

5

Share

Euthanasia

Download to read offline

DR.SANGEETA CHOWDHRY AND DR. SUNIL SHARMA, DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE AND TOXICOLOGY, GOVT. MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU (J&K)

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Euthanasia

  1. 1. EUTHANASIA A POWER POINT PRESENTAION BY DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC DR. SANGEETA CHOWDHRYY & MEDICINE & TOXICOLGY, GMC, DR.SUNIL SHARMA JAMMU
  2. 2. EUTHANASIA The term Euthanasia originated from the Greek word for "good death." It is defined as intentional killing by act or omission, of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. It literally means mercy killing or putting a person to painless death especially in case of incurable suffering or when life becomes purposeless as a result of mental or physical handicap.
  3. 3. EUTHANASIA-TYPES Passive Euthanasia: To end a person life by not taking the necessary and ordinary action to maintain life. This can be done by withdrawing water, food, drugs, medical or surgical procedures. There are some medical actions which are often described as passive euthanasia. These Active Euthanasia: When acts include not commencing treatment the death is intentionally which would have not provided relief to the patient, or withdrawing treatment that caused. To end a person's has been found to be ineffective, too life by use of drugs, burdensome, unwanted, or prescribing high doses of pain killers that can whether by oneself or with endanger life of the patient. the aid of a physician Such actions are part of standard medical practice. Since in these actions, there is no intention to kill the person, some workers do not consider it as euthanasia. Thus, euthanasia is not there till there is intention to kill.
  4. 4. EUTHANASIA-TYPES Voluntary Euthanasia - Physician-Assisted Suicide - When a competent person Suicide accomplished with makes a voluntary and the aid of a medical enduring request to be doctor intentionally helped to die. providing a person with an Involuntary Euthanasia - overdose of prescription To end a person's life medication. without their knowledge or Assisted Suicide - Suicide consent accomplished with the aid of another person.
  5. 5. EUTHANASIA The question of euthanasia arises on three occasions i.e. (1) at the beginning of life—at birth (2) at the end of life – terminal stage (3) when a person is severely impaired as a result of brain damage – unforeseen mishap.
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES OF LIFE The main purpose of life is to be happy, to make others happy if possible, to grow old gracefully and die with dignity. The main duty of the doctor is to relieve pain and suffering even if the measures he takes may incidentally shorten life.
  7. 7. AT BIRTH The problem arise in the case of a physically or mentally handicap infant. Since the infant is not able to make his own decisions; the matters rests with the parents or doctors, aided or confused by the law of land. The decision should be based on the quality of life the child can expect and its consequent impact on the parents, society, and the resources of the State. The blessings of early painless death can be balanced against the purposeless life, the probable suffering of the child, and its consequent impacts. In addition, the care of the child after death of parents also needs consideration.
  8. 8. TERMINAL STAGE The conscious dying patient can make his own decision. The refusal to consent to any treatment whatsoever always rests with the patient. There is no moral obligation on the doctor to preserve life at any cost and if, in the course of good terminal care, the use of drugs actually hastens death it would not amount to crime or malpractice because the ensuring death would be the result of natural causes.
  9. 9. UNFORESEEN MISHAP If a person is severely impaired as a result of brain damage; it is now possible to sustain life, but in a state of animation, by artificial means. The brain death can be as o consequence of violence, poisioning or natural causes. In all these cases, the brain suffers from hypoxic damage from which it cannot recover, irrespective of treatment given. When medical treatment has nothing to offer to the ailing patient, the patient can be allowed to die in comfort and with dignity. In all such case one wonders whether the treatment given is prolonging death or life. In such cases for practical purposes, the patient is dead and the decision to continue or terminate artificial means of support to life should depend upon the subsequent use of the body for transplant purposes, if possible. Such a step would also save the resources of the State for more rational uses.
  10. 10. REASONS OF EUTHANASIA Unbearable Pain: It is a major argument in favour of euthanasia. In terminal cases of cancer, an individual may suffer from unbearable pain even with the use of pain killers. But with the use of new drugs and treatment, much of pain can be significantly reduced.
  11. 11. REASONS OF EUTHANASIA Right to Commit Suicide: Most workers who support the doctrine of euthanasia believe that every person should have the right to commit suicide. But, if logically thought about, in this case there is no right of suicide as the act is done by another person and thus amounts to murder.
  12. 12. REASONS OF EUTHANASIA Should a Person be forced to Stay Alive? An argument forwarded that whether vegetative life should be allowed to be kept on perpetual basis even against the wishes of the patient. It is cruel and inhumane. But now law is clear in such cases. Law does not ask doctors to keep death away forever in these cases.
  13. 13. REASONS AGAINST EUTHANASIA The following reasons are cited against euthanasia’s: Definition of “Terminally Ill” is Not Conclusive: The term “terminally ill” is subjective and there can be gross misuse in selection of patients. It is also found that some terminally ill patients live for years or months together.
  14. 14. REASONS AGAINST EUTHANASIA Misuse by Hospitals to Reduce Healthcare Cost: Some hospitals may have patients, on whom they have to spend a lot of money as they may be admitted in intensive care units for years, may be declared as terminally ill and may be considered for euthanasia.
  15. 15. REASONS AGAINST EUTHANASIA Importance and Value of Life would be reduced in the Eyes of People.
  16. 16. EUTHANASIA AND ASSISTED SUICIDE Nowadays, concept of assisted suicide has also developed. The difference between euthanasia and assisted suicide lies in who performs the last act to cause death. In euthanasia, it is other person who performs the last act which causes death. For example, when a doctor gives a lethal injection, it is called euthanasia. But in assisted suicide, it is the person who himself performs the last act which causes death. For example, patient himself injects or drinks the poison provided by the doctor for causing death. It is also called as physician assisted suicide.
  17. 17. MEDICO-LEGAL SIGNIFICANCE Euthanasia in any form is not allowed in India. It is a punishable offence under PUNISHABLE Indian Penal Code and person who does it may be prosecuted under the sections OFFENCE of murder, assisting suicide, etc. UNDER INDIAN In some countries, however, it is legal. PENAL CODE Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon in the United States, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Albania, Holland, Switzerland and Thailand are the only places in the world where laws permit euthanasia or assisted suicide. Some countries like Australia introduced it for some time but seeing its misuse, it was later repealed. Worldwide opinion is that it should not be made legal as it can be grossly abused.
  • snksuryaa

    Apr. 13, 2021
  • AsimFaisal

    Apr. 5, 2021
  • darshansinhchauhan

    Oct. 9, 2020
  • rahmankhan148

    Mar. 7, 2020
  • AmanSingh1468

    Sep. 19, 2019

DR.SANGEETA CHOWDHRY AND DR. SUNIL SHARMA, DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE AND TOXICOLOGY, GOVT. MEDICAL COLLEGE JAMMU (J&K)

Views

Total views

5,940

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

2

Actions

Downloads

180

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

5

×