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Theory of Dosha Dhatu Mala
Presented By-
Dr. Sujit Kumar (3rd Year PG Scholar)
Guided By –
Professor. Dr. Vaidehi V. Raole...
Introduction
• Ayurvedic concept of physiology, pathology, diagnosis, prognosis,
medicine, and Therapeutics are based on t...
Continue…….
• Independently production of disease during its abnormal states of
functioning. Thus its name is so called “D...
Number of Dosha
• Two types of Dosha –
1. Manasika Dosha (Psychic Dosha)
2. Shaeereka Dosha (Somatic Dosha)
VATA PITTA KAP...
Relationship of Dosha & Dhatu
Dosha RelatedDhatu Relationship
Kapha Rasa,Mamsa,Meda,Majja,Shukra Direct
Pitta Rakta Direct...
• Manasika Dosha means which is psychic in nature
1. Rajas Dosha
2. Tama Dosha
Importance of Tridosha
Dosha has been consi...
Continue……
• These three doshas are also known as Dhatus as they support the
body in their state of equilibrium which repr...
Continue….
• All the inanimate objects in the universe and bodies of living
creation including man are composed of the per...
Summary of Tridosha
• Vata, pitta and kapha are the constituents of all the cells including
sperm and ovum which unite and...
Role of Dosha in causation of disease
• Ayurveda has envisaged the tri- sutra
• Hetu Sutra
• Linga Sutra
• Aushadhi Sutra,...
VATA DOSHA
• Vata dosha is one of the most important dosha of the tridosha. The other two
dosha viz pitta and kapha has be...
Synonyms of vata
• Vayu
• Anil
• Pawan
• Marut
Panchabhautik constitution of vata
Akash, vayu, teja, Jala, prithvi
Quality of Vata
• Ruksha shabda
• Sheeta sparsha
• Laghu daruna
• Sukshma Raja dominant
• Chala yogavahi
• Vishada ashukar...
Site of Vata in the body
• General Site – vasti,(urinary bladder), kati (pelvic region), skathi (thigh),
pada (feet), Asth...
Physiological action of Vata
• Controlling the different activities of the living body.
• Psycho- somatic activities in th...
Explanation of Subtypes
• Each of the doshas have five (5)
• Subtypes with specific actions within the physiological struc...
Subdosha Location Action Movement Signs of
Imbalance
Balancing
Herbs
Prana Vayu Brain, lungs,
heart, throat,
tongue, nose
...
Vyana Vayu In theheart;
circulates
throughout
thebody.
Representsthe seat oflife,
consciousnessand unconditional
love. Cir...
pelvic organs. tone of the tissues and muscles in distension, Ajwan
the pelvis. Absorbs nutrients, lower
eliminates urine ...
PITTA DOSHA
PITTA DOSHA
• The Dosha pitta has been considered in second number in the
dosha triad after vata dosha. it is primal const...
Panchabhautik constitution of Vata
Qualities of Pitta -
• Ishatsnighdha Ushna
• Teekshna Drava
• Amla Sar
• Katu Visra
• R...
Location of Pitta in the Body
• Sweda (Sweat)
• Rasa(Plasma)
• Rakta(Blood)
• Amashaya(Stomach)
• Nabhi(Umbilical region)
...
SPECIFIC SITES OF PITTA
• Amashaya(Stomach) According to Acharya charak
• Pakwashaya Madhya (in between large intestine an...
Continue…….
• Color complexion and luster of skin.
• Cheerfulness
• Mental and intellectual power of brain
• Maintain heal...
Types of pitta in the body
• Ranjaka pitta
• Pachaka pitta
• Alochaka pitta
• Sadhaka pitta
• Bhrajaka pitta
PITTA DOSHA
Subdosha Location Action Signs of
Imbalance
Balancing
Herbs
Sadhaka
Pitta
Brain and heart Digestion of ideas, ...
Pachaka
Pitta
Small intestine &
lower part of
stomach
Creates hunger and thirst; Aap part
of Pitta liquefies food and agni...
KAPHA
Qualities of Kapha
• Guru Lavana
• Sheeta Manda
• Mrudu
• Snigdha
• Madhura
• Sthira
• Pichhila
• Sweta
Types of Kapha
• Avalambaka Kapha
• Kledaka Kapha
• Bodhaka Kapha
• Tarpaka Kapha
• Sleshmaka Kapha
Physiological Action of Kapha
• Viscous quality for keeping unctuousness of the body
• Binding nature particularly the joi...
KAPHA DOSHA
Subdosha Location Action Signs of
Imbalance
Balancing
Herbs
Tarpaka Kapha Brain and spinal
cord, heart
Protect...
Avalambaka
Kapha
Thoracic cavity,
lungs, pleural
cavity, in
pericardium,
around alveoli,
and bronchi
Lubricates all the or...
DHATU
• The Universe is made up of energy and matter. Energy needs matter to mobilize
and serve its function. Matter doesn’t mov...
Continue…..
7. The Dhatus support the body and provide nutrition to the more
subtle Dhatus. The Upadhatus support the body...
Rasa Dhatu - Plasma, Serum, Lymph
• 1. Rasa is the grossest of all the Dhatus; it is plasma, serum,
lymph.
• 2. Rasa is a ...
Composition Made up of all Mahabhutas, but primarily Aap (jala, water)
Sites Pervades in the whole body but main sites are...
Rakta Dhatu - Red Blood Cells
• 1. Rakta Dhatu represents the Red Blood Cells in the body.
• 2. It is the second Dhatu in ...
Composition All the Mahabhutas but mainly Teja and Aap.
Sites Bone marrow, liver, spleen, red blood cells, heart and uteru...
Mamsa Dhatu - Muscle Tissue
• 1. Mamsa Dhatu represents the muscles in
the body.
• 2. It takes 15 days to form after food
...
Composition Mainly Prithvi, teja and Aap
Sites Muscle tissue, organs of the body; Over the bones.
Functions 1. Lepana: Pla...
Meda Dhatu - Adipose Tissue
• 1. Meda Dhatu represents the fat, lipids, adipose tissue
and cholesterol in the body.
•2. It...
Composition Aap,PrithviandTeja.
Sites Alloverthebody,underskin,belly,omentum,buttocks,breasts,aroundjoints,
aroundheart,ki...
Asthi Dhatu - Bone
• 1. Asthi Dhatu is the hardest Dhatu in the body.
Stha- means to stand or endure. It represents the
bo...
Composition Mainly Prithvi, Akash and Vayu.
Sites All the bones in the body.
Functions 1. Dharana (To support): It support...
Majja Dhatu - Bone Marrow
• 1. Majja Dhatu represents the Bone Marrow in
the body, as well as anything within the
bone, th...
Composition Mainly Vayu, Aap and Prithvi.
Sites Within the bones, nerve tissue and endocrine glands.
Functions 1. Poorana:...
Shukra/Artava Dhatu - Reproductive
Tissue
Shukra
• 1. In males, Shukra Dhatu represents the
sperm and in females it repres...
Composition Mainly Aap.
Sites Male/female reproductive system.
Functions 1.
2.
3.
Reproduction and procreation.
Provide vi...
Ojas
• 1. The essence of all the Dhatus.
•2. The Prime energy reserve of the body.
•3. The immune system.
•4. A link betwe...
Continue….
Qualities Cool,oily,clear,heavy,soft,static.
Functions 1. Protectslife.
2. Givesstrength.
3. Protectsagainstdis...
Mala
• Dosha Dhatu and ,Mala is also an important & third member of the trinity of
the living body.
• Definition of Mala-
...
MALA
(That Which bears the Kitta Bhaga (Waste product)
• 1. Malas can become toxins if not removed at the right time.
• 2....
Classification of Types of mala
• Mutra(Urine)
• Shakrit(faces)
• Sweat(sweat)
• Product Mala
• Ahara -Purisha
• Rasa -Kap...
Mutra - Urine
Composition Mainly Aap (and Prithvi)
Taste Amla, Tikta
Odor Odorless
Touch Warm
Color Colorless, slightly ye...
Continue……
5. Kidneystones
SignsofMutraKshaya 1. Paininurinarybladder
2. Scantyurination
3. Thirst
4. Drynessofmouth
Signs...
Composition of Urine
• Urea -9.3 gm/lit
• Chloride -1.87gm/lit
• Sodium – 1.17 gm/lit
• Potassium - .750 gm/lit
• Creatini...
Purisha - Feces
Composition Mainly Prithvi, little Aap
Odor Bad smell due to fermentation of food. In many digestive disor...
Composition of Stool
• ¾ water, ¼ Solid
• Undigested and unabsorbed food stuff
• Intestinal Secretion and mucous
• Bile pi...
Sweda - Sweat
Composition MainlyAap
Sites Swedavahastrotas
Function 1. Keepstheskinmoist,andpreventsfromcrackinganddrying
...
Composition of Sweda
• Sodium – 0.9 gm/lit
• Potassium – 0.2gm/lit
• Calcium - .015gm/lit
• Magnesium -.0013gm/lit
Trace M...
Thank You
Dosha dhatu mala
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Dosha dhatu mala

Dosha dhatu mala by Dr. Sujit Kumar MD Physiology

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Dosha dhatu mala

  1. 1. Theory of Dosha Dhatu Mala Presented By- Dr. Sujit Kumar (3rd Year PG Scholar) Guided By – Professor. Dr. Vaidehi V. Raole Parul Institute of Ayurveda, Vadodara
  2. 2. Introduction • Ayurvedic concept of physiology, pathology, diagnosis, prognosis, medicine, and Therapeutics are based on the doctrine of dosha. • Definition of Dosha • That which is responsible to vitiate the other substances is called Doshas. That’s which vitiates the body as well as the mind is also called Doshas. The actual definition of doshas is that which is forming the temperament or prakriti of an individual by birth and also having the independent power of producing diseases is called Doshas. • Dosha Indicates – Dosha is responsible for formation, maintenance and protection of the body during its physiological condition, thus it is otherwise known as Dhatu.
  3. 3. Continue……. • Independently production of disease during its abnormal states of functioning. Thus its name is so called “Dosha”. History of Dosha • Dosha has been considered as an important factor for formation and maintenance of body. • The Doctrine of Tridosha theory is available since the Vedic literature . • In Atharva Veda, the terminology like – Vataja, sushma etc., refers to Vata, pitta and Kapha theory of Ayurveda. • Besides in Rigaveda , the terminology like “ Tridhatu” which refers to Vata, Pitta and Kapha System of body.
  4. 4. Number of Dosha • Two types of Dosha – 1. Manasika Dosha (Psychic Dosha) 2. Shaeereka Dosha (Somatic Dosha) VATA PITTA KAPHA
  5. 5. Relationship of Dosha & Dhatu Dosha RelatedDhatu Relationship Kapha Rasa,Mamsa,Meda,Majja,Shukra Direct Pitta Rakta Direct Vata Asthi Inverse
  6. 6. • Manasika Dosha means which is psychic in nature 1. Rajas Dosha 2. Tama Dosha Importance of Tridosha Dosha has been considered as an important factor of the body which is responsible for the support, maintenance and protection to the body. The normal functioning of dosha produces health of the body whereas the abnormal states of dosha is responsible for the production of disease.
  7. 7. Continue…… • These three doshas are also known as Dhatus as they support the body in their state of equilibrium which represent normalcy whereas they are spoken of as doshas during their disequilibrium state as they vitiate other structural and functional elemental elements of the living body. Genesis of Dosha from Pancha – Mahabhuta • As already discussed earlier, there are mainly 3 dosha exist in the body, viz, vata, pitta, kapha. • These 3 Doshas (Biological elements) • Which constitute the Structural and functional units of all the living cells, Tissue, organs and the body as a whole.
  8. 8. Continue…. • All the inanimate objects in the universe and bodies of living creation including man are composed of the permutation and combination of the five basic elements –viz- akash, vayu , teja, jala, prithvi. • The three doshas viz vata, pitta and kapha originating from the above 5 basic elements. The biological combination of vayu and akash Mahabhuta gives rise to vata dosha, like wise the combination of prithvi and jala Mahabhuta gives rise to kapha dosha. Whereas the pitta is due to tejas Mahabhuta only.
  9. 9. Summary of Tridosha • Vata, pitta and kapha are the constituents of all the cells including sperm and ovum which unite and give birth to a new individual. When normal, they constitute the three way tissues or pillar termed as “tridhatu” which stablised life, but when abnormal the same 3 elements are responsible for aging, disease and death. In abnormal state vata, pitta and kapha are capable of vitiating the Dhatu i.e.tissues and malas i.e. waste products. Hence they are termed as “doshas”. When excreted from the body, they are termed as “Mala”
  10. 10. Role of Dosha in causation of disease • Ayurveda has envisaged the tri- sutra • Hetu Sutra • Linga Sutra • Aushadhi Sutra, for the maintenance of health and also the production of disease.
  11. 11. VATA DOSHA • Vata dosha is one of the most important dosha of the tridosha. The other two dosha viz pitta and kapha has been considered as dumb or lame who have no leg or movement in the body. • The vata dosha carries them towards different places of the body to perform their natural function. • In the universe vata, is responsible for all the movements so also the vata in the body control all th activites of body. • Ethymology and definition of vata • the term vata is derived from the root means to move, to make known, to become aware of.
  12. 12. Synonyms of vata • Vayu • Anil • Pawan • Marut Panchabhautik constitution of vata Akash, vayu, teja, Jala, prithvi
  13. 13. Quality of Vata • Ruksha shabda • Sheeta sparsha • Laghu daruna • Sukshma Raja dominant • Chala yogavahi • Vishada ashukari • Khara achintya • Avyakta • avyaktakarma
  14. 14. Site of Vata in the body • General Site – vasti,(urinary bladder), kati (pelvic region), skathi (thigh), pada (feet), Asthi (bone), sroni (pelvis), guda ( rectum), pakvashya (large intestine), srotra (ear). • Specific Site - sroni (pelvis), guda ( rectum), pakvashya (large intestine), below umbilical region. • Various types of vata in the body – • Prana • Udana • Vyana • Apana • samana
  15. 15. Physiological action of Vata • Controlling the different activities of the living body. • Psycho- somatic activities in the body (voluntary and involuntary activities in the body. • Controller and activator of the mind • Sensory and motor impulses and employ them to get knowledge of different objects. • Moderators of all the sense objects • Organizer of all the tissues of body in its proper places. • coordinator or conjoiners of the different organs in the body. • Producer of speech.
  16. 16. Explanation of Subtypes • Each of the doshas have five (5) • Subtypes with specific actions within the physiological structure. • They effect and govern the emotional and mental faculties as well as specific organ functions and operations. Vata and its Subtypes create and sustain physiological functions related to Vata, such as action, transportation, movement and inspiration. Pitta and its Subtypes create and sustain physiological functions related to transformation, conversion, digestion, heat and radiance. Kapha and its Subtypes create and sustain physiological functions related to construction, lubrication, nourishment, cohesion and stabilization.
  17. 17. Subdosha Location Action Movement Signs of Imbalance Balancing Herbs Prana Vayu Brain, lungs, heart, throat, tongue, nose and ears. Sensory perception, inhalation, nervous control of heart, ingestion of food, coughing, spitting, sneezing, belching, thinking and mind control: Joy, happiness. From outside to inside Weakened senses & confusion, physical & psychological imbalances Tulsi, Brahmi Udana Vayu Mainly in the chest; Moves from the navel to the heart, lungs, throat and brain. Energizes mind, awakens intelligence, controls speech, self- expression, exhalation, memory recall. Gives strength to the body and glow to the skin. Upward Stuttering, congestion, difficulty in exhaling. Indecisivenes s, difficulty in responding. Licorice Samana Vayu Stomach, small and large intestine, liver, pancreas and spleen. Kindles Agni (helps digestion), separates nutrients and wastes from the food “juice.” Absorbs nutrients and water, maintains peristalsis, and controls the secretion of digestive enzymes. Converts the intelligence in the food into our consciousness. Represents the meeting point of Prana and Apana. Governs the physiological and psychological functions of the Manipura or Solar Chakra. From the periphery to the center Malabsorptio n Diarrhea Constipation Indigestion Cumin, Coriander, Ajwan, Hinga, Ashtak TYPES OF VATA DOSHA
  18. 18. Vyana Vayu In theheart; circulates throughout thebody. Representsthe seat oflife, consciousnessand unconditional love. CirculatesRasa Dhatu (nutrients), Rakta Dhatu (blood), thoughts, emotionsand energy to therest ofthebody. Releases sweat, controlsmuscular contraction and relaxation. Regulatesmotor nerveimpulses. Governsphysiological and psychological functionsofthe Anahata or Heart Chakra. From the center to the periphery. Circulation problems, heart palpitations, Tachycardia, Bradycardia, Angina pectoris, murmurs, panic attacks, anxiety attacks. Arjuna (Lotus), Ghokshula Apana Vayu Colon, pelvic cavity and Supports and strengthens intestinal walls. Maintainsthe Downward Constipation, bloating, Haritaki, Triphala,
  19. 19. pelvic organs. tone of the tissues and muscles in distension, Ajwan the pelvis. Absorbs nutrients, lower eliminates urine and feces, starts abdominal menstrual flow, ejaculation of pain. Irritable semen and sperm and assists bowel with conception. Induces labor, syndrome, contracts uterus and assists with incontinence, childbirth. Nourishes the other hyperactive Vayus. Governs physiological and bladder. psychological functions of Prolapsed Muladhara or Root Chakra and uterus, Swadhisthan or Sacral Chakra. vagina, rectum. PMS, dryness of vagina. Sterility, miscarriage, ED.
  20. 20. PITTA DOSHA
  21. 21. PITTA DOSHA • The Dosha pitta has been considered in second number in the dosha triad after vata dosha. it is primal constituents of the living body who performs fire like actions (catabolic process) in the body. •Etymology and definition of pitta dosha- • Pitta is derived from the root (tapa Santapa) which means to heat or to burn, to warm. Thus pitta represents energy, heat or fire in the body. • Synonyms of Pitta –Agni, Anala etc. • Panchabhautik constitution of Pitta-Dominance of Agni Mahabhuta only.
  22. 22. Panchabhautik constitution of Vata Qualities of Pitta - • Ishatsnighdha Ushna • Teekshna Drava • Amla Sar • Katu Visra • Rukshya Neela • Laghu • Vishada • Peeta
  23. 23. Location of Pitta in the Body • Sweda (Sweat) • Rasa(Plasma) • Rakta(Blood) • Amashaya(Stomach) • Nabhi(Umbilical region) • Chakshu(Eye) • Twacha(Skin)
  24. 24. SPECIFIC SITES OF PITTA • Amashaya(Stomach) According to Acharya charak • Pakwashaya Madhya (in between large intestine and stomach) according to sushrut • Nabhi (Umbilical region )According to vagbhatta • Physiological functions of pitta in the body- • Visual perception • Production of hunger, appetite digestion and thrust is due to pitta dosha in the body. • Heat production and body temperature
  25. 25. Continue……. • Color complexion and luster of skin. • Cheerfulness • Mental and intellectual power of brain • Maintain health by improving digestion and celluar activity
  26. 26. Types of pitta in the body • Ranjaka pitta • Pachaka pitta • Alochaka pitta • Sadhaka pitta • Bhrajaka pitta
  27. 27. PITTA DOSHA Subdosha Location Action Signs of Imbalance Balancing Herbs Sadhaka Pitta Brain and heart Digestion of ideas, thoughts; discrimination, awareness. Controls thinking, learning, understanding. Moves in the heart as compassion and love. All thoughts like desire, goals and determination are the function of Sadhaka Pitta Ego, control, dominance, anger, hatred, jealousy, selfishness, indecision, confusion, distortion. Sandalwood Alochaka Pitta All parts of the eyes Maintains visual acuity, absorbs different images, colors, and processes visual images. At subtle level it gives clarity, light and understanding Poor eye sight, foggy vision, near- or far-sightedness, color-blindness, conjunctivitis Triphala, Rasanjan
  28. 28. Pachaka Pitta Small intestine & lower part of stomach Creates hunger and thirst; Aap part of Pitta liquefies food and agni part cooks the food. Digests sour, pungent and bitter foods. Moves food through different parts of digestive tract with the help of Samana Vayu; The essential part of the food is absorbed and the remaining part is passed to the colon. When the digestive fire is strong we experience contentment, strength, energy and clarity of mind. When Low: Indigestion, ama production. When High: Nausea, vomiting, acidity, ulcers, heartburn To Strengthen: Ginger, Cloves, Chilies, Garlic, Ajwan, Chitrak To Reduce: Amalaki, Guduchi, Licorice, seashell powder (Shankha Bhasma). Bhrajaka Pitta Skin Controls the color & luster of the skin, maintains blood flow and body temperature, controls sweat glands and absorption of sunrays to form nutrients. Absorbs medication patches. Forms the barrier between the internal and external environments. Skin inflammations, blisters, acne, rosacea, psoriasis, hives, moles, melanoma, and skin ulcers, also eats the stomach lining and causes ulcers. Chandana (cooling, blocks the sun’s rays), Manjishta (balancing), Turmeric & Red Sandalwood (both cooling). Ranjaka Pitta Liver, spleen, and small intestine Gives color to blood, urine and feces. In the liver, the absorbed food (Ahara Rasa) is cooked and digested again. Represents the seat of Panchamahabhutagni where the food particles are separated into Panchamahabhutas. The liver also Jaundice, anemia, leukemia, bleeding disorders Turmeric
  29. 29. KAPHA
  30. 30. Qualities of Kapha • Guru Lavana • Sheeta Manda • Mrudu • Snigdha • Madhura • Sthira • Pichhila • Sweta
  31. 31. Types of Kapha • Avalambaka Kapha • Kledaka Kapha • Bodhaka Kapha • Tarpaka Kapha • Sleshmaka Kapha
  32. 32. Physiological Action of Kapha • Viscous quality for keeping unctuousness of the body • Binding nature particularly the joints • Prithvi Mahabhuta • heavy and Stable quality • Firmness • Strength • Process of healing and repair active • Formation and maintenance of different body fluids in intracellular and interstitial and intravascular components.
  33. 33. KAPHA DOSHA Subdosha Location Action Signs of Imbalance Balancing Herbs Tarpaka Kapha Brain and spinal cord, heart Protects nervous system, nourishes nervous tissue, lubricates brain cells, regulates the action of the nervous system, works as a shock absorber against injuries, and creates calmness, compassion, caring, love and affection. Dull mind, lack of understanding, slow learning, slow memory recall, MS Brahmi Vacha (Calamus), Ginger powder, Brahmi Oil Nasya Bodhaka Kapha Mouth, tongue and salivary glands. Keeps the oral cavity moist, interprets taste, lubricates the mucus membrane, liquefies the food for better chewing, digestion (carbohydrates) and swallowing, and protects the mouth against acidity and cavities. Lubricates the throat for softer and clearer voice. Is very sensitive to emotions. When we experience anxiety, fear, depression, Bodhaka Kapha decreases. With a smell, look or thought of good food, Bodhaka Kapha is secreted. Irregular coating, plaque. See notes on tongue diagnosis. To Increase: Ginger, Cloves To Decrease: Licorice
  34. 34. Avalambaka Kapha Thoracic cavity, lungs, pleural cavity, in pericardium, around alveoli, and bronchi Lubricates all the organs in the lungs and provides nourishment. Carries love and compassion from the heart to the rest of the body. Every thought and emotion affects Avalambaka Kapha. For a long healthy life, Avalambaka Kapha is essential. Emphysema, Asthma, Bronchitis, cough, Pleurisy, heaviness in the chest. Ginger, Bibhitaki Kledaka Kapha Stomach (upper part) Moistens food for better digestion and movement of food in the stomach. Protects and nourishes stomach lining (mucus membrane), prevents ulcers. Represents the alkaline secretion in the stomach. If Increased: Indigestion, heaviness, ama formation, mucus in stools. If Decreased: Ulcers, burning in the stomach Ginger, Pippali Shleshaka Kapha Joints Lubricates joints for smooth Arthritis, swollen To Decrease: action, provides nourishment joints, water Punarnava, to the bones, ligaments and retention, edema. Ginger, Guggulu cartilages. Works as a shock To Increase: absorber. Lubricates the skin. Licorice
  35. 35. DHATU
  36. 36. • The Universe is made up of energy and matter. Energy needs matter to mobilize and serve its function. Matter doesn’t move without energy. For this purpose, the Doshas represent energy and the Dhatus represent matter. They are both close friends who cannot live or function without each other. The doshas work through the Dhatus. 1. Each Dhatu has a primordial vibration and is an expression of consciousness. 2. The Dhatus hold (support) the body together. 3. The Doshas do the function and Dhatus provide the site to do the function. 4. The Dhatus are developed from and nourished by food. 5. There are seven Upadhatus, or secondary tissues, developed as a byproduct of Dhatu digestion. 6. The Malas, or waste products are also produced during each Dhatu digestion. DHATU
  37. 37. Continue….. 7. The Dhatus support the body and provide nutrition to the more subtle Dhatus. The Upadhatus support the body but do not provide nutrition. 8. In the disorder process the Dhatus become affected, which is called Dushya. 9. The Dhatus are measured in Anjali pramana. Anjali is a measure created by cupping the palms together to equal roughly 8 fluid ounces. 10.The grosser Dhatus nourish the subtler Dhatus and subtler the Dhatus protect the grosser Dhatus
  38. 38. Rasa Dhatu - Plasma, Serum, Lymph • 1. Rasa is the grossest of all the Dhatus; it is plasma, serum, lymph. • 2. Rasa is a juice or liquid (the juice of life) with nutrients for all the other Dhatus. • 3. Rasa takes 5 days to form after food ingestion. • 4. It measures 9 anjali. • 5. Its Upadhatu is breast milk, menstrual fluid and the superficial layer of the skin. • 6. Its Mala is Kapha.
  39. 39. Composition Made up of all Mahabhutas, but primarily Aap (jala, water) Sites Pervades in the whole body but main sites are heart, lymph channels, and venous blood. Functions 1. Preenan: Nourishes all Dhatus. Due to process of catabolism, Dhatus break down and become deficient. Rasa Dhatu replenishes those, to maintain balance. 2. Ahara Rasa (Digested Food) is absorbed by blood vessels and carried to Liver. Liver contains Panchamahabhutagnis, which further digest Ahara Rasa. Dhatu agnis do further digestion to develop particular Dhatus. First, Rasa is created, which has all Bhutas for other Dhatus. Thus, it provides nourishment to others. 3. The intelligence and the subtle energy of Rasa, which comes from food, gives contentment to other Dhatus. This energy maintains strength, love and compassion 4. It maintains body temperature and pH through sweat glands. Coagulates blood due to Kapha. 5. Responsible for lactation and menstruation. Signs of Rasa Sara, or Optimum Rasa 1. A person is happy, strong, healthy and has good memory 2. Skin is soft, smooth and glowing 3. The hair (on the body and head) is oily, soft and silky
  40. 40. Rakta Dhatu - Red Blood Cells • 1. Rakta Dhatu represents the Red Blood Cells in the body. • 2. It is the second Dhatu in the body. • 3. It is named due to its color. Rakta means red. • 4. Rakta Dhatu requires 10 days to form after food ingestion. • 5. It measures 8 anjali. • 6. Its Upadhatus are tendons and blood vessels. • 7. Its Mala is Pitta.
  41. 41. Composition All the Mahabhutas but mainly Teja and Aap. Sites Bone marrow, liver, spleen, red blood cells, heart and uterus. Functions 1. Jeevana: Gives life by carrying Prana. 2. Provides strength, energy, luster,happiness. 3. Carries Prana to all thecells. 4. Nourishes subtle Dhatus. 5. Provides enthusiasm, compassion, creativity and ambition. 6. Emotionally connected to anger, irritability, and jealousy (because related to Pitta). Signs of Rakta Sara 1. Person is bright, brilliant, and happy. 2. There is vitality and strength. 3. Skin is reddish and lustrous, eyes are bright. 4. Pink lips, nails,conjunctiva. 5. Body always feels warm and desires coolerthings.
  42. 42. Mamsa Dhatu - Muscle Tissue • 1. Mamsa Dhatu represents the muscles in the body. • 2. It takes 15 days to form after food ingestion. • 3. The quantity of Mamsa Dhatu is variable depending on the individual, their Prakruti and their personal habits. • 4. Its Upadhatus are subcutaneous fat and skin. • 5. Its Mala is ear wax, nasal crust and navel discharge.
  43. 43. Composition Mainly Prithvi, teja and Aap Sites Muscle tissue, organs of the body; Over the bones. Functions 1. Lepana: Plastering of thebody. 2. Many organs are made of MamsaDhatu. 3. Regulates activities, moving joints and bones, coordination,power. 4. Gives strength to our bodyframe. 5. Keeps skin smooth. 6. Gives confidence, courage andstrength. 7. Emotions are stored in fascia and connective tissue. 8. Nourishes MedaDhatu. Signs of Mamsa Sara 1. Muscular body, with a good tone. 2. Great strength and stamina. 3. Strong joints and co-ordination. 4. Person looks strong, healthy, confident, rich, and intelligent.
  44. 44. Meda Dhatu - Adipose Tissue • 1. Meda Dhatu represents the fat, lipids, adipose tissue and cholesterol in the body. •2. It takes 20 days to form after food ingestion. •3. It generally measures 2 anjalis, depending on the individual. •4. Its Upadhatu is ligaments. •5. Its Mala is Sweda or sweat.
  45. 45. Composition Aap,PrithviandTeja. Sites Alloverthebody,underskin,belly,omentum,buttocks,breasts,aroundjoints, aroundheart,kidney. Functions 1. Snehana:Keepsmuscleslubricatedforconstantcontractionandretraction; lubricationofjoints. 2. Keepsbodystrong,andsupple;softvoice;oilyandlustroushair. 3. NourishesAsthiDhatu. 4. Retainsheat. SignsofMeda Sara 1. Well-builtbody,melodiousvoice. 2. Skin,hair,eyes,nails,lipsandteetharesmooth,oilyandlustrous. 3. Roundedandstrongjoints. 4. Personisloving,forgivingandcompassionate.
  46. 46. Asthi Dhatu - Bone • 1. Asthi Dhatu is the hardest Dhatu in the body. Stha- means to stand or endure. It represents the bone marrow in the body. • 2. Asthi Dhatu is one of the seats of Vata. • 3. The junction of the bones is a Sandhi or joint, which is filled and lubricated by Shleshaka Kapha to prevent friction during movement. • 4. It takes 25 days to form after food ingestion. • 5. Its Upadhatu is teeth and cartilage. • 6. Its Malas are hair and nails.
  47. 47. Composition Mainly Prithvi, Akash and Vayu. Sites All the bones in the body. Functions 1. Dharana (To support): It supports the other Dhatus in the body. 2. Provides the skeleton to the body, and give shape, and stability to the body. 3. Provides attachment to muscles. 4. Protects vital organs (brain, spinal cord, pelvic organs) within. 5. Assists in self-defense and protects the body. 6. Carries sound (bones in the ears). 7. Retains memory of pain, pleasure, sadness and happiness, subconscious emotions. 8. Many bone disorders are caused by old age. 7. It nourishes Majja Dhatu. Signs of Asthi Sara 1. Long and strong bones, big and strong joints. 2. Strong nails, hair, teeth. 3. Is hardworking, energetic, and has great strength and stamina.
  48. 48. Majja Dhatu - Bone Marrow • 1. Majja Dhatu represents the Bone Marrow in the body, as well as anything within the bone, the brain, spinal cord, red bone marrow or nerve tissue of body. • 2. The nourishment of Majja begins 30 days after food ingestion. • 3. It measures 2 anjali. • 4. Its Upadhatu are lachrymal secretions or tears. • 5. Its Malas are the oily secretions in the eyes, skin and feces.
  49. 49. Composition Mainly Vayu, Aap and Prithvi. Sites Within the bones, nerve tissue and endocrine glands. Functions 1. Poorana: Filling and strengthening the bones. 2. Strengthening the body. 3. Nourish Shukra Dhatu. 4. Communication, Sensory and motor function. 5. Majja is related to feelings, thoughts, and emotions in the past, present and in the future. Signs of Majja Kshaya 1. Weak bones. 2. Osteoporosis. 3. Dryness of skin, eyes, hair, feces. 4. Deficient Shukra Dhatu. 5. Dizziness. 6. Darkness on the surface of the eyes. 7. Lack of understanding, poor communication. 8. Stroke. 9. Sexual debility. Signs of Majja Vriddhi 1. Heaviness in the body. 2. Heaviness in eyes. 3. Irregular transmission of nerve impulses. 4. Brain tumors, Pituitary tumor. Signs of Majja Sara 1. Body is strong but supple. 2. Skin and voice are soft. 3. Joints are strong and well built. 4. Eyes are big and lustrous. 5. Person is strong, intelligent and respectable and lives longer.
  50. 50. Shukra/Artava Dhatu - Reproductive Tissue Shukra • 1. In males, Shukra Dhatu represents the sperm and in females it represents the ovum in the body. • 2. It is the most subtle Dhatu in the body. • 3. It is the essence of all the Dhatus. • 4. Shukra is cool, white, oily, sweet, liquid and heavy. Artava • 5. Artava is hot, astringent, sour, and acidic in smell • 6. It takes 35 days to form • 7. It measures ½ anjali.
  51. 51. Composition Mainly Aap. Sites Male/female reproductive system. Functions 1. 2. 3. Reproduction and procreation. Provide vigor and vitality. Is the seed potential of all Dhatus. Signs of Shukra Sara 1. Strength, stamina, vitality. 2. Strong bones, eyes, nails and hair. 3. Enjoys physical intimacy with a partner. 4. Many children. Why is Shukra Dhatu so 1. It increases the immune system, vigor, and vitality. Important? 2. In spirituality, controlling all the desires (especially sexual) is very important. The goal is to close the lower chakras so that the life energy is moved upwards (Kundalini). 3. Mental calmness and clarity is increased by Shukra. 4. Shukra keeps body very strong and free from disorder, and the intellect very sharp.
  52. 52. Ojas • 1. The essence of all the Dhatus. •2. The Prime energy reserve of the body. •3. The immune system. •4. A link between the body and mind. •5. Superior to Shukra.
  53. 53. Continue…. Qualities Cool,oily,clear,heavy,soft,static. Functions 1. Protectslife. 2. Givesstrength. 3. Protectsagainstdisorders. 4. Controlsheartbeats. 5. Regulatessenseorgansandorgansofaction. 6. MaintainsthebalanceofallDhatus. TypesofOjas 1. Para:8dropsintheheart.Anydecreaseinquantitycausesdeath. 2. Apara:½anjalipervadesthebodyandstrengthensit.
  54. 54. Mala • Dosha Dhatu and ,Mala is also an important & third member of the trinity of the living body. • Definition of Mala- • Dirty or Unclean. • Important of Mala Primary cause of formation of the body, Malas are • Important as dosha and Dhatu. In natural condition, all these 3 factors-Dosha Dhatu, Malas, are named as Dhatus, The Malas are the outcome of the different kinds in the body. The production of waste products are an index of life activities. • The living body can never be without them, be without them .
  55. 55. MALA (That Which bears the Kitta Bhaga (Waste product) • 1. Malas can become toxins if not removed at the right time. • 2. Malas support the body. • 3. Cleanse the body. • 4. Over-cleansing removes all the Malas. It aggravates Vata, which breaks down Kapha and Pitta and weakens the Dhatus. • 5. Doshas, Dhatus, and Malas all the three support the body. • 6. There are many forms of Malas. Urine and Feces are Malas of digested food. All the Dhatus after digestion create Dhatu Malas.
  56. 56. Classification of Types of mala • Mutra(Urine) • Shakrit(faces) • Sweat(sweat) • Product Mala • Ahara -Purisha • Rasa -Kapha • Rakta -Pitta • Mansa -Kha Mala • Medas -Sweat • Asthi -Kesha &Loma • Majja -Netra mala & Twak –Snehansha
  57. 57. Mutra - Urine Composition Mainly Aap (and Prithvi) Taste Amla, Tikta Odor Odorless Touch Warm Color Colorless, slightly yellowish Transparency Clear Quantity 4 anjali Sites Mutravaha strotas. Blood, kidneys (vrukka), uretors (mutra gavini), bladder (Basti), urethra (medhra). Formation In the small intestine, the digested food is separated into Ahara Rasa (digested food) and Malas (wastes). The digested food is absorbed in small intestine and the wastes pass on to the large intestine. The water waste is absorbed and the feces are carried into the descending colon. Water is carried with Rasa and Rakta to rest of the body and the wastes are added to this. When this blood is filtered through kidneys, urine is separated and carried through ureters into the urinary bladder. When the bladder gets full, Apana Vayu carries the urine through urethra, out of the body. Function 1. To maintain moistness in the body 2. To remove wastes, salts and minerals from the body. 3. Helps to maintain fluid balance, thereby controls blood pressure Signs of Imbalance 1. Formation of increased or decreased quantity 2. Frequency of micturition 3. Painful micturition 4. Change in color, smell or consistency of urine
  58. 58. Continue…… 5. Kidneystones SignsofMutraKshaya 1. Paininurinarybladder 2. Scantyurination 3. Thirst 4. Drynessofmouth SignsofMutraVriddhi 1. Excessiveurination 2. Increasedfrequency 3. Fullnessorpaininthebladder
  59. 59. Composition of Urine • Urea -9.3 gm/lit • Chloride -1.87gm/lit • Sodium – 1.17 gm/lit • Potassium - .750 gm/lit • Creatinine -.670gm/lit
  60. 60. Purisha - Feces Composition Mainly Prithvi, little Aap Odor Bad smell due to fermentation of food. In many digestive disorders, the smell is worse, because food is not digested completely. Color Yellowish, brownish. This is due to Ranjaka Pitta. (Bile salts form liver). (In Jaundice, the stools are whitish, or gray, due to blockage) Quantity 7 anjali (roughly). In vegetarian people the quantity is greater as there is more undigested fiber from vegetables. Sites Purishavaha strotas (caecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, rectum and anus) Formation In Vata imbalance, if Samana Vayu did not absorb enough water content, the stools become watery causing diarrhea, or if there is excess absorption of water then the stools become very dry and may cause constipation. Notes 1. Worms in stools is a disorder. The normal bacterial flora is different from the amoebae, tapeworm, round worms. 2. Sensation of defecation: Due peristalsis the feces move forward. As it starts entering in sigmoid colon, a person gets the sensation for defecation. 3. Repeated colonics causes weakness. Due to emptiness, Vata Aggravates and causes chest pain, back pain, bloating, gurgling. Function 1. Removes solid wastes from the body 2. Supports intestinal walls 3. Removes toxins from the intestinal tract 4. Slows down emptying Signs of Imbalance 1. Constipation, hard, dry stools, hemorrhoids 2. Diarrhea, loose motions, Bloody diarrhea, colitis, diverticulitis 3. Irritable bowel syndrome, dysentery, parasites
  61. 61. Composition of Stool • ¾ water, ¼ Solid • Undigested and unabsorbed food stuff • Intestinal Secretion and mucous • Bile pigment and Salt • Bacteria and inorganic material • Epithelial cells, leukocytes
  62. 62. Sweda - Sweat Composition MainlyAap Sites Swedavahastrotas Function 1. Keepstheskinmoist,andpreventsfromcrackinganddrying 2. Maintains the temperature of the body. In hot temperature, Bhrajaka Pitta aggravates and dilates the blood vessels in the skin. It also stimulatessweatglandscreatingmoresweatcarryingmoreheatinthe body. In the cold environment, Vyana Vayu aggravates and constricts thebloodvesselsandthesweatglands. 3. CleansingthetoxinsintheskinorsuperficialDhatus
  63. 63. Composition of Sweda • Sodium – 0.9 gm/lit • Potassium – 0.2gm/lit • Calcium - .015gm/lit • Magnesium -.0013gm/lit Trace Metals - • Zinc -0.4 mg/lit • Copper -.3 -0.8 mg/lit • Chromium -0,1mg/lit
  64. 64. Thank You

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