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Energy crisis in Pakistan

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Pakistan

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Energy crisis in Pakistan

  1. 1. ENERGY CRISIS OF PAKISTAN: CAUSES & REMEDY PRESENTED BY: SECTION (E) BE-ELECTRICAL(TELECOM) FOUNDATION SEMESTER 2012 IBA SUKKUR
  2. 2. GROUP MEMBERS  LATIF HYDER WADHO (LEADER)  IFTHIKHAR MEMON  AHMAD FARHAN  AMIR SHAH  M.YASIR NOOR  TARIQ RASHEED  ASHFAQUE ALI  NASEER-U-DIN KHASKHELI  SABIR HUSSAIN  MAKHANO SHAR  IZHAR HUSSAIN
  3. 3. Introduction Objectives Energy Resources of Pakistan Ten Years of Energy Consumption Causes of Energy Crisis Recommendations Conclusion AGENDA
  4. 4. ENERGY  Energy is a physical quantity that describes the amount of work that can be done by a force. FORMS OF ENERGY IFTHIKHAR MEMON
  5. 5. ENERGY CRISIS……..? An energy crisis is any great shortfall in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources. The crisis often has effects on the rest of the economy, with many recessions being caused by an energy crisis in some form. In particular, the production costs of electricity rise, which raises manufacturing costs. IFTHIKHAR MEMON NEXT LATIF HYDER WADHO
  6. 6. ENERGY CRISIS IN PAKISTAN Energy crisis in Pakistan was expected and it started in the year 2007 LATIF HYDER WADHO
  7. 7. THE MAJOR SHORT FALL LATIF HYDER WADHO
  8. 8. 1] (LESCO) - Lahore Electric Supply Company 2] (GEPCO) - Gujranwala Electric Power Company 3] (FESCO) - Faisalabad Electric Supply Company 4] (IESCO) - Islamabad Electric Supply Company 5] (MEPCO) - Multan Electric Power Company 6] (PESCO) - Peshawar Electric Power Company 7] (HESCO)- Hyderabad Electric Supply Company 8] (QESCO) - Quetta Electric Supply Company 9] (TESCO) - Tribal Electric Supply Company Nine (9) ELECTRICITY Distribution Companies (DISCOs) as under : LATIF HYDER WADHO
  9. 9. Ten Years of Energy Consumption LATIF HYDER WADHO
  10. 10. YEAR EXPECTED AVAILABLE GENERATION DEMAND (SUMMER PEAK) SURPLUS/DEFICIT 2008 13146 16848 -3338 2009 16110 17868 -1758 2010 18503 19352 -849 2011 20814 20874 -60 2012 21167 22460 -1293 2013 23368 24126 -758 2014 23538 25919 -2381 2015 24408 28029 -3621 2016 25630 30223 -4593 2017 27481 35504 -8023 2018 27481 34918 -7437 2019 27481 37907 -10426 2020 27481 41132 -13651 LATIF HYDER WADHO
  11. 11. LATIF HYDER WADHO
  12. 12. NEED OF PAKISTAN  CURRENT YEAR POWER SHORTAGE 5,000 MW Karachi seeing 18+ hours of load shedding  Pakistan needs around 15,000 to 20000 MW electricity per day, however, currently it is able to produce about 11,500 MW per day hence there is a shortfall of about 4000 to 9000 MW per day.  TARGET 10,000 MW IN TWO YEARS LATIF HYDER WADHO
  13. 13. Energy Resources of Pakistan Pakistan’s Conventional Energy Resources Energy Type Potential Source Crude Oil 339 million barrels recoverable reserves. Pak Eco Survey 2007-08 Natural Gas 31,266 trillion cubic feet recoverable reserves. Pak Eco Survey 2007-08 Coal 185 billion tones recoverable reserves. Pak Eco Survey 2007-08 Hydro Energy 46,000 MW identified potential Govt. of Pakistan 2005 Nuclear power Nuclear power of capacity 425 MWe World Nuclear Association 2008 Pakistan’s Renewable Energy Resources  1. Wind Energy 2. Solar Energy 3. Bio-mass & Bio-fuels 4. Geo-Thermal Energy LATIF HYDER WADHO
  14. 14. HYDEL: •Cheapest and most suitable for Pakistan •Pakistan has got the potential of producing 46000 MW of electricity •Out of which only 6595 MW is produced LATIF HYDER WADHO NEXT AHMAD FARHAN
  15. 15. WIND: • Free and clean • wind corridor that is 60 km wide (Gharo ~ Kati Bandar) and 180 km long (up to Hyderabad). • Up to 50,000 MW production potential in Pakistan AHMAD FARHAN
  16. 16. AHMAD FARHAN NEXT AMIR SHAH
  17. 17. BIOMASS / WASTE-TO-ENERGY •For 20 years the developed countries are using this technology •Every city of Pakistan produces thousands of tons of solid waste and millions of gallons water waste •Can be converted in to energy (power generation) and fertilizer AMIR SHAH NEXT M.YASIR NOOR
  18. 18. SOLAR ENERGY (SOLAR PANELS) • Solar cells convert solar energy in to electricity • Pakistan has an excellent potential of receiving solar radiations throughout the year • Solar Energy is available at a rate of 1000 watts per square meter in Pakistan. M.YASIR NOOR NEXT TARIQ RASHEED
  19. 19. COAL TARIQ RASHEED
  20. 20. EMR- ConsultE M R 21 Pakistan’s Thar Coal Potential  Worlds Single largest contiguous Coal field extending over 10,000 Sq KMs  Reserves of 175 – 200 billions tons exceed oil equivalent reserves of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, with a value of several trillion US$  Phased development can lead to 400 – 600 mt /year coal mining in 20 years  All of Pakistan’s energy requirements (Electric, Power, Gas, Diesel) can be met in 2020 – 2030 scenario  In addition to Electric Power, SNG, Chemicals, Fertilizer, etc can be produced for self consumption and surplus can be exported  Contribution to GDP in plants, products, services, employment, etc, would be in the range of $200b-$300b which exceeds Pakistan’s current GDP of $ 170 b  Thar Coal is God’s Gift of “Black Gold” to the People of Pakistan and will ensure the Nation’s Energy & Economic FutureCoal production costs have to be in the range of $20 - $25 /tons, which equates to a crude oil cost of about $50 per barrel in order to achieve economical levels 21 THAR COAL UTILIZATION TARIQ RASHEED NEXT ASHFAQUE ALI
  21. 21. ALTERNATIVES According to AEDP (Alternate Energy Development of Pakistan) the current status of electrical energy is: TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY: 19505 MW ENERGY SOURCES The AEDP is working on the following alternate energy resources: •Wind •Micro wind •Solar photovoltaic •Micro hydel •Biomass / waste-to-energy •Solar thermal •Bio fuels •Fuel cell •Geo thermal THERMAL 12580 MW 65% HYDEL 6463 MW 33% NUCLEAR 462 MW 2% ASHFAQUE ALI
  22. 22. STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN •FOUR WIND MILLS HAVE BEEN INSTALLED IN COASTAL AREA OF SINDH • 10 SMALL HYDRO PLANTS WITH A CAPACITY OF 110 MW IN PROGRESS •BHASHA DAM POLICY WILL BE TAKEN IN TO CONSIDERATION ASHFAQUE ALI NEXT MAKHANO SHAR
  23. 23. CONSEQUENCES OF ENERGY CRISIS IN PAKISTAN • ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY • FLUCTUATION OF OIL PRICES IN INTERNATIONAL MARKET • FAULTY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM • AGING OF EQUIPMENT • UNPRODUCTIVE EFFORTS •MISMANAGEMENT OF ENERGY RESOURCES MAKHANO SHAR
  24. 24. CONSEQUENCES OF ENERGY CRISIS 1. Economic and Political instability. Effects our GDP & Energy growth… 2. Fluctuation of oil prices in international market. WAPDA & KESC purchase expensive oil and transfer cost to customers… 3. Faulty Distribution System. We waste 15 to 20 percent energy through poor distribution system… 4. Aging of equipment. Unable to generate required electricity… 5. Unproductive efforts. Seminars & conferences but no implementation… 6. Mismanagement of energy resources. Lack of technical knowledge and equipment to utilize existing resources... MAKHANO SHAR NEXT NASEER-U-DIN
  25. 25. Recommendations 1. Short Term Plan 2. Long Term Plan. SOLUTIONS To overcome the current energy crisis Pakistan needs to take the following steps NASEER-U-DIN KHASKHELI
  26. 26. Recommendations Short-term Plan  Increase the number of IPPs (Independent Power Producers).  Reactivate the closed power generating units.  Overhaul the existing poor distribution system.  Import electricity to fulfill the current need for industries on ad hoc basis.  Government should have strict check on energy indicators on regular basis to counter such crisis in future. NASEER-U-DIN KHASKHELI
  27. 27. Long-term Plan  Developing and installing coal based powerhouses.  Initiate agreements for mega projects with the energy extensive countries for sustainable energy resources.  Explorations of more oil, gas and coal reserves.  Provide incentives for up-gradation and training to the engineer for new technology SABIR HUSSAIN NEXT IZHAR HUSSAIN
  28. 28. CONCLUSION IZHAR HUSSAIN
  29. 29. This study recommends Government of Pakistan to take strong steps to overhaul its existing infrastructure and transformed it to utilize renewable energy for future needs.  Government should also take steps to utilize the coal reserves though it will give us energy for next 500 years. IZHAR HUSSAIN

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