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Minor surgical conti

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Lecture notes for diploma students (Animal Science)

Minor surgical conti

  1. 1. འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་འཛིན་གཙུག་ལག་སློབ་སྡེ། རང་འབྱུང་འཐློན་བསྡེད་མཐློ་རིམ་སློབ་ྲྭ། སྤུ་ན་ཁ་རློང་ཁག། ལློད་སྦུད་ས། དློག་ཏྲར་་་འཇིགས་འབྡེལ་རློ་རྡེ། རང་འབྱུང་འཐློན་བསྡེད་མཐློ་རིམ་སློབ་ྲྭ། སྤུ་ན་ཁ་རློང་ཁག། ལློད་སྦུད་ས། Minor Surgery Continued
  2. 2. CASTRATION IN DOG (Orchiectomy, Testectomy, Sterilization, Neutering) INDICATIONS:  Aggressive behavior of the dog  Neoplastic growth  Sever blunt penetrating or crushing injuries of testis  Chronic Orchitis  Enlarged prostate and perineal hernia  Prevention of breeding nuisance.
  3. 3. Pre-anesthesia & Preoperative Antibiotic • Long acting antibiotic • Inject Xylazine and Atropine & wait for 10 mins. • Inject Ketamine after 10 mins. Top Up Preparation Prepare Top Up mixture of Diazepam and Ketamine in the ratio 1:2. Fix a butterfly scalpen vein on the cephalic vein for fluid therapy and top up.
  4. 4. Preparation of Site: • Clip hairs around the scrotum and pre-scrotal areas and scrub the areas with Chlorohexidine
  5. 5. SITE OF OPERATION: 1. Pre-scrotal site: 3 cm long incision on the midline in front of the scrotum. CONTROL: • Dorsal recumbency
  6. 6. SURGICAL PROCEDURE Open Method Closed Method • Tunica Vaginalis is incised • Tunica Vaginalis is left intact
  7. 7. • One tests is pushed forward and is held in position by left index finger and thumb and about 2-3 cm long incision is made in the skin un till white glistening Tunica Vaginalis is visible. • The testicle is now squeezed out and can be removed by any of the above methods: Pre-scrotal Technique Ligation of Spermatic Cord: Miller’s Know Wound Closure: Usual manner with absorbable suture material.
  8. 8. UPWARD FIXATION OF PATELLA Normal Anatomy of Stifle Joint
  9. 9.  The Condition occurs on the medial trochlea of the femur between middle and medial patellar ligaments. UPWARD FIXATION OF PATELLA Articular surface of patella
  10. 10. Causes of UFP 1. Hereditary: Straight hind limb 2. Debility and poor condition 3. Trauma 4. Abrupt training 5. Laxity of patellar ligaments 6. Overextension of hind limb
  11. 11. Clinical Symptoms of UFP  Animal keeps the limb in extension while walking.  Knuckling of fetlock  Resists reverse walk  Raises hind quarter of affected side and moves by swinging the limbs outward and forward.
  12. 12. Treatment Control and anesthesia: Animal is restrained in lateral recumbency with affected limb towards the ground. The other limb is drawn forward and tied with forelimbs. • Sedative with Xylazine hydrochloride 0.1 mg/kg IM. • Subcutaneous and deep infiltration with 8 mL of 2% lidocaine hydrochloride over the medial and middle patellar ligaments
  13. 13. Surgical Treatment: Open method Closed Method Closed method is widely used now a days. • In this method stab incision is made with B.P Blade immediately in front of medial tuberosity of Tibia. • Abscess knife is passed through V shaped groove between middle & medial ligament facing sharp end towards the ligament. Then transected facing knife toward operator.
  14. 14. Post Operative Care • Rest the animal for 8-10 days • Infuse antibiotic gel or ointment into the incision
  • SharanKumarUppin

    Jun. 15, 2020
  • AnjaniDevi3

    Jan. 18, 2020
  • BinayaKumarSahoo

    Jul. 1, 2019

Lecture notes for diploma students (Animal Science)


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