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Pharmaceutical waste management

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A small description of what is pharmaceutical waste, hospital and otherwise, some regulations and some of the practices used to manage such waste.

This presentation was done just under 10 minutes which was the time limit.

Pharmaceutical waste management

  1. 1. PharmaceuticalWaste Management By Imad Nmeir Supervised by Doc. Rita Karam Mouawad HOLY-SPIRIT UNIVERSITY OF KASLIK Faculty of Science Department of biochemistry
  2. 2. Table of content Introduction Types ofWaste: Non hazardous Hazardous P-list U-list Chemotherapy agents Understanding waste management Waste generator Waste management solution Recycling and minimization Sorting and handling Collection and storage Treatment and disposal
  3. 3. Introduction to waste management
  4. 4. Problematic: Need to manage pharmaceutical waste and minimize their effects Effects on human health Environmental pollution Pharmaceutical wastes 4
  5. 5. Types ofWaste
  6. 6. Non hazardous waste: Open packages Empty or half empty vials Unused medication Outdated medication Unclear effects Disposal: • Landfill • Incineration Preferably in regulated places
  7. 7. Hazardous waste: 2 types of Hazardous waste P-list U-list
  8. 8. P-list hazardous waste Highly toxic compounds LD 50= • 50 mg/Kg Disposal • Incineration in regulated facilities
  9. 9. U-list Hazardous waste Criteria Ignitability Corrosiveness Reactivity Toxicity
  10. 10. Chemotherapy waste Long history for Chemotherapy waste Early use of Arsenic and Mercury Greater waste management than other pharmaceutical waste
  11. 11. Understanding Pharmaceutical waste
  12. 12. Why is Pharmaceutical waste so complex? Medical waste may be dangerous to the handler after usage Processing waste is tricky due to versatility and diversity of regulation Types ofWastes P-and U-list drugs Chemotherapy Endocrine disruptors Immunosuppressa nt Vitamins and minerals LD50 <= 50mg/Kg Other regulated drugs
  13. 13. Waste Generator Status: Amount of waste generated Facility based number Definition: 1000Kg/month of normal waste 100Kg/month Hazardous waste Thresholds Under the threshold: Facility’s waste are unregulated Above threshold: Facility must undergo mandatory regulation Regulation s
  14. 14. Common practices in waste management
  15. 15. Recycling and Minimization Reducing waste at source Reduced risk policy Product recycling Stock management
  16. 16. Sorting and Handling Ways to deal with sorting Training individuals is a must Encouraging them to handle their waste directly after use Underlying principles Each must take responsibility of their own waste Waste that undergo same treatment doesn’t undergo sorting
  17. 17. Collection and storage Regular collection Separation depending on each type Storage under strict criteria it must be closed, and access must be restricted to authorized persons only; it must be separate from any food store; it must be covered and sheltered from the sun; the flooring must be waterproof with good drainage; it must be easy to clean; it must be protected from rodents, birds and other animals; there must be easy access for on-site and off-site means of transport; it must be well aired and well lit; it must be compartmented (so that the various types of waste can be sorted); it must be near the incinerator, if incineration is the treatment method used; there must be wash basins nearby; The entrance must be marked with a sign.
  18. 18. Treatment and Disposal disinfection: • chemical: addition of disinfectants • thermal • biological: enzymes; mechanical processes: shredding); encapsulation (or solidification) of sharps Burial: sanitary landfills, trenches, pits. There is no universal way to treat Medical waste • Depends on whether a waste treatment facility is nearby On-site or Off- site Other complications
  19. 19. Thank you
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A small description of what is pharmaceutical waste, hospital and otherwise, some regulations and some of the practices used to manage such waste. This presentation was done just under 10 minutes which was the time limit.


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