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Balance diet and
Dev Ram Sunuwar
M.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics
• What is balanced diet?
• Composition of balance diet.
• Importance of balance diet.
• Food Pyramids.
• Important factors for formulating balance diet.
• Objectives of balance diet.
• Healthy balance diet plan.
• Dietary standard.
What is Balanced Diet ???
• A balance diet means getting the right
type and amount of foods and drinks
to supply nutrition and energy for
maintaining body cells, tissues, and
organs and for supporting growth and
Calories In = Calories Out
Balanced Diet Contd.
• A diet that contains adequate amounts of all the
necessary nutrients required for healthy growth
• A balance diet contains sufficient amount of fiber
and the various nutrients to ensure good health.
• Food should also provide the appropriate amount
of energy and adequate amounts of water.
• A balance diet should be both adequate
Composition of Balanced Diet
• About 50-60% of energy requirements should
come from complex carbohydrates.
• About 15-20% of energy should come from
• About 25-30% of energy should come from total
fat.(of this, saturated fat should be less than a
• The healthy combination of a balanced diet is one
which has low fat, low refined carbohydrates,
optimal amount of vitamins, minerals and fiber.
Important factors to be considered
while formulating a balanced diet
• Knowledge of the daily nutritional
• Selection of foods which fulfill the daily
• Planning meals
• Preparation of meals
• Serving meals
1.Knowlwdge of the daily
Nutritional requirements vary according to:
• Physical activity
• Physiological status
Dietary guidelines for Indians
• Eat variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet.
• Ensure provision of extra food and healthcare to
pregnant and lactating women.
• Promote exclusive breastfeeding for six months and
encourage breastfeeding till two years or as long as
• Feed home based semi solid foods to the infant after
• Ensure adequate and appropriate diets for children
and adolescents, both in health and sickness.
• Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits.
• Ensure moderate use of edible oils and animal foods
and very less use of ghee/ butter/ vanaspati.
Dietary guidelines for Indians
• Avoid overeating to prevent overweight and obesity.
• Exercise regularly and be physically active to maintain
ideal body weight.
• Restrict salt intake to minimum.
• Ensure the use of safe and clean foods.
• Adopt right pre-cooking processes and appropriate
• Drink plenty of water and take beverages in
• Minimize the use of processed foods rich in salt, sugar
• Include micronutrient-rich foods in the diets of elderly
people to enable them to be fit and active.
• Meets nutritional needs
• Prevents degenerative diseases
• Improves longevity
• Prolongs productive life
• Improves immunity
• Increases endurance level
• Develops optimum cognitive ability
• Helps in coping up stress
• ENHANCES QUALITY OF LIFE
• Definition of DIETARY STANDARD
: the food in the diet usually expressed in terms
of digestible nutrients supposed to be best
adapted for humans under different
Purposes of DS
• the planning of diets or food supplies and
• the evaluation of dietary histories.