Definition of multiculturalism
"Multiculturalism" is the co-existence of
diverse cultures, where culture includes
racial, religious, or cultural groups and is
manifested in customary behaviours,
cultural assumptions and values, patterns
of thinking, and communicative styles.
Population of the UK
Country of birth
(2011 OSN Estimate)
United Kingdom 53,923,642 54,233,000
India 467,634 729,000
Poland 60,711 643,000
Republic of Ireland 533,901 457,000
Pakistan 321,167 457,000
Germany 266,136 297,000
David Cameron declared that the
doctrine of multiculturalism has
In February 2011, David Cameron held a speech
on multiculturalism at the Munich Security
Conference. In his speech he criticised "state
multiculturalism" claiming it had failed and
arguing that the UK needed a stronger national
identity to prevent people from turning to all
kinds of extremism. The speech created a row
and angered some Muslim groups, while others
questioned its timing amid an English Defence
League rally in the UK.
Do you think England is a multicultural
• 'In the cities and large towns – yes, because larger populations
mean greater cultural diversity. Rural populations can still be very
insular and unwelcoming though.'
• 'Yes – there are people from all over the world living in England.'
• 'I do – Manchester, for example, has large Chinese, Afro Caribbean
and Indian/South Asian communities within it – plus the vibrant gay
village in the city centre. Many cities in England have good mixes of
cultures and lifestyles.'
• 'Yes, definitely. Our music, films, TV, radio, literature. The strong
religious and cultural communities in cities. The number of 2nd and
3rd generation immigrants that no longer consider themselves
A Polish delicatessen in Stroud, Gloucestershire, opened in