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1. Introduction to Forensic Medicine

Introduction to Forensic Medicine

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1. Introduction to Forensic Medicine

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO Dr. Abhishek Karn Asst. Professor Dept. of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, UCMS
  2. 2. Forensic medicine Definition:- • Forensic medicine is a branch of medicine where the principles and knowledge of medicine is used for purposes of the law, (both civil and criminal) and justice.
  3. 3. Forensic medicine- (medical aspects of law) forensic + medicine - Latin- forensis (----means forum) - In Rome, forum was meeting place where civil and legal matters used to be discussed. Synonym- Legal Medicine ( Europe and US)
  4. 4. Branches of Forensic Medicine A. Forensic Pathology • The knowledge of medicine is used to find out the cause of death by performing autopsies/postmortem examinations : (a) In traumatic deaths. (b) In sudden unexpected deaths. (c) Interpreting the mechanism of injuries & giving medicolegal opinions (e.g., amount of force; position of victim and assailant )
  5. 5. B. Clinical Forensic Medicine (a) Medicolegal examination of sexual offences (eg. rape cases) (b) Determination of age for medicolegal purposes. (c) Medicolegal examination of Injuries in Physical Assaults/ Battered baby. (d) Medicolegal examination of drunkenness. (e) Assessment of degree of permanent disabilities, following a factory accident of a workman for compensation.
  6. 6. C. Forensic Toxicology Deals with the sources, characters, properties of poisons, the symptoms they produce, their fatal effects & fatal doses & the remedial measures that should be taken to combat their actions or effects. D. Forensic Thanatology Investigates the mechanisms and forensic aspects of death, such as  bodily changes that accompany death.  the post-mortem period changes.
  7. 7. E. Medical Ethics Deals with the moral principles which should guide members of the medical profession in their dealings with each other, their patients and the State. Medical etiquette Deals with the conventional laws of courtesy observed between members of the medical profession.
  8. 8. F. Medical jurisprudence • Deals with legal responsibilities of the physician with particular reference to those arising from physician-patient relationship, such as: Medical negligence cases Consent Rights and duties of doctors Serious professional misconduct Medical ethics etc.
  9. 9. G. Forensic Odontology/Forensic dentistry • Deals with the proper handling, examination & evaluation of dental evidences, for the interest of justice. • Forensic Odontologists are responsible for: – Identify human remains that cannot be identified using fingerprints or other means. – Identify bodies in mass disasters (eg. plane crashes) – Determine the source of bite mark injuries, in cases of assault or suspected abuse. – Estimate the age of skeletal remains.
  10. 10. H. Forensic Psychiatry Psychiatric assessment of a person for: - - insanity in a case of murder - competency as a witness - testamentary capacity in executing a will - validity of consent I. Forensic Anthropology Assists in the identification of deceased individuals whose remains are decomposed, burned, mutilated or otherwise unrecognizable.
  11. 11. J. Forensic Entomology – covers evidence gathered through insect studies at the scenes of murder, suicide, rape, physical abuse and contraband trafficking. – helpful in determining the post mortem interval & location of a death in question. K. Forensic Serology – detection, classification and study of various bodily fluids (blood, sweat, semen, fecal matter) & their relationship to a crime scene.
  12. 12.  The first book on forensic medicine was published in 1602 by an Italian Physician, “Fortunato Fedele”.  “Paulus Zacchias” is considered the Father of Forensic/Legal Medicine as well as Father of Forensic Psychiatry.  Founder of modern toxicology- “Orfila” (France).
  13. 13. • According to NMC act 2020, after being registered in NMC you will have a significant role as a Doctor for the investigations and proper administration of justice in cases of Identification, Age-estimation, Physical assaults, Sexual offences, Murder, Criminal abortion, Mass disasters etc. and you will have to assist in court procedures.
  14. 14. THANK YOU
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Introduction to Forensic Medicine

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